Ever since Garrett Hardin’s publishing of the Tragedy of Commons in 1968, it has been used extensively to understand environmental problems. The tragedy of the commons can be defined as when individuals acting in rational self interest seek to maximize the benefit of Earth’s resources as fast as they can and in doing so, lack an incentive to conserve and regulate these resources (Olive, 2016). This concept can be seen in the 2014 film Damnation by Travis Rummel and Ben Knight. Below, it is shown how the dams in the movie exemplify key characteristics of a commons, why problems of the dams are hard to overcome and how these problems can be solved. By examining the dams shown in the film, it is evident that the problem of the dams is an accurate example of the tragedy of the commons.
According to Castle, there is a strong correlation between natures and humankind which gives an opportunity for a human to hybrid the nature. There is no humankind without nature, and human’s daily life is related with the natural environment; though how human handles the nature matters. The fiction shows how human culture hybrids the natural environment and its effect, “the mine there had started out chasing copper, it ended up in high-grade uranium” (Castle 454). The author tries to emphasize how strong is its effect; the main character “Sue” didn’t want to drink or can’t drink water that comes out from that canyon ground because that water is acidic, and she preferred to hand twenty pounds of water on her back
this pre-modern world gave way to forces of scientific and instrumental rationality, secularism, industrialism, and the bureaucratic state – all of which, combined, disenchant the world” (ibid.). But the palpable and dualistic nexus of man with nature has its roots in the very anthropocentric foundation of human civilization. Many critics held that the Bible’s privileging of man and its consequent trivialization of the external world as resources to ‘exploit for his proper ends’ (White Jr. 10) are at the root of all present environmental crisis. Naturally the Euro-centric materialistic world view in its mad pursuit of worldly progress, coupled with the dominant ideology of enlightenment rationalism further marginalized nature, orienting man into
In his poem “Civilization”, Snyder depicts nature’s beauty and greatness (Arun and Saraswat). Being concerned with four basic areas “indigenous” cultures and civilizations, Asian cultures, ecology and ecopetics, makes Snyder a pillar in environmental imagination by creating a “new view of nature and man” (Park). From the very beginning, Snyder gives his own definition of man-made civilization. It is a term describing people doing “complicated things”. This underlines an opposition with Native American world and culture which is characterized by simplicity and serenity.
Likewise, if nature falls apart it also indicates that humans are falling apart. Life is like a cycle, without nature humans will not be existing today. However, due to the fact that nature is vulnerable, human chooses to ignore their existence. Modernity is an advancement towards science and in the social world. The biggest concern of Latour is nature being (de)animated, “we have probably
ix, 630.) Liberty in Time and Space: A Commentary on Ducharme The book was written by Michel Ducharme which is an indispensable article to Canadian historiography. It takes colonial ideologies seriously. The comparison between two ideologies in different colony, Republic liberty and modern liberty. This is a kind of combat in constitutional soul between Upper Canada and Lower Canada.
American forces suffered a devastating defeat during the War of 1812 attempting to annex Canada by ignoring various strategic principles. Many Americans believed the assault would be a cakewalk due to Britain being so distracted by the Napoleonic Wars in Europe. President Thomas Jefferson stated “The acquisition of Canada this year, as far as the neighborhood of Quebec, will be a mere matter of marching.” The overconfidence of Jefferson and his generals violated the principles of mass, security, and economy of force. What went wrong? A number of realities were overlooked; terrain, weather, and the general overall physical vastness of Canada.
Robert Righter, the author of The Battle over Hetch Hetchy, suggests that of some the modern methods used to sway public opinion have their origins in the persuasion tactics Muir used during the Hetch Hetchy protest. In addition to the contemporary reach of Muir’s rhetoric, Righter also implicates the effects of Muir’s resounding words and the impact they had on Environmentalist, David Brower who
Maybe I will ask myself for those questions, but we will never have an accurate answer for these. In past decade, humans are not realized about the importance of the environmental ethics towards our environment. Just like I said in the above the ideas of the Earth day was started in 1970. We, as a human being defined as an intelligent creature in the world, hence we should protect the others such as animals, plants, and environment to achieve the equitability of the world. Of course, we know that pollution and the depletion of natural resources have not been the only environmental concerns but also the loss of wilderness, the degradation of ecosystems and climate change are all part of the “green” issues that implanted themselves into public policy over these years.
Then the interest was generated in various branches that did not only include scientists but the doctors of literature, reason being the increased concern of mankind towards the environment towards the 20th century when problems related to the survival of Earth became rampant and also the nature of human to connect to the environment on the emotional grounds. The foremost reason for such havoc can be found with the man’s urge for obtaining his/her own identity which is directly connected to his/her requirements consequently moving behind in terms of his/her own spiritual self. While human always attempts to “move ahead in life” by hoarding lot of materials on the other hand he/she also tries to conjugate themselves with the nature as his/her so-called best friend(whom they hurt the most). As a result man falls into the pitiful state of being threatened in the deteriorated environment. “Overexploitation of natural resources and man's disregard of the air, water and soil that sustain him have given rise to the question of the survival of both man and the planet (Earth).