This paper attempts to explore Alice Hoffman’s The Marriage of Opposites through ecofeminist lenses to investigate the connections between women and nature. It aims to find an affinity of the male domination over nature and his domination over women. This paper reveals that the injustice against women and nature is alike as they are both depicted throughout the story in turmoil. The writer deliberately and metaphorically makes an affinity between women’s features and the elements of nature. “She is a force.
It`s crucial that gender equality —a human right—is central to this pursuit. Worldwide, there is a perception that women are closer to nature than men, as women interact directly and more intensively with the natural surroundings more than their counterparts' men, which produced their profound experience, understanding and knowledge about the environment. Many studies on women and environment have shown that women are significant role player in natural resources management and ecological preservation. Women have served as farmers, water and firewood collectors and scientists with more respective and caring
Alliance and Parallels between Shaw’s female characters and Nature in the plays Pygmalion and St. Joan: an Ecofeminist Analysis Eco-feminism is a term that combines in itself two disciplines that are relevant in the contemporary times, namely, ecology and feminist studies. Ecology is a term that is understood as a scientific analysis and study of interactions among organisms and their environment. As a discipline, ecology addresses the full scale of life,
The Death of The Unborn Female American Dream Of Mice and Men, written by John Steinbeck, takes place during the time of The Great Depression; an era extremely difficult for women. The novella contains many iconic characters that serve as a metaphor to our societal standards. Curley’s wife is introduced just like any other; however, the emphasis on her feminine features are metaphoric to where women stand in society. In order to prove that society makes it impossible for certain people to attain The American Dream, Steinbeck objectifies, sexualizes, and kills Curley’s wife to show that women cannot reach The American Dream. Steinbeck uses specific vocabulary to objectify Curley’s wife; alienating her from The American Dream.
Eco-feminism refers to the political, cultural and economic movements that seeks to establish greater rights and legal protection for women. On the other hand, environmental degradation is about the deterioration of the environment through depletion of resources such as air, water and soil. This essay explains eco-feminism and discusses why environmental degradation a feminist issue. This is done by firstly defining eco-feminism, and environmental degradation and lastly giving arguments why environmental degradation a feminist issue supported by relevant examples. The term ecofeminism was said to be devised by Francoise D’Eaubonne in 1974.
In his essay “Feminist Theory and the Environmental Movement,” Robert Verchick argues that the environmental justice movement is, if unintentionally, a feminist movement. This is exemplified by the Veronica in Chantal Bilodeau’s Sila. Veronica is a woman of color who participates in the environmental justice movement using art as her primary form of activism. While her activism may not have explicitly feminist aims; however, her actions can be understood as forms of feminist action as defined by Verchick, because her motivations are community- and family- oriented. Historically, women have played a crucial role in the environmental justice movement.
One of the hallmarks of ecofeminism is the idea of connection between the treatment of nature and treatment of women. Many feminists have argued that the goals of these two are mutually reinforcing; ultimately they involve the development of worldviews and practices that are not based on male-biased models of domination. ‘Raping of the land’ and ‘taming nature’ are expressions relatively common and the same language is often used in connection with women. As Rosemary Ruether wrote in her book, New Woman/NewEarth: Women must see that there can be no liberation for them and no solution to the ecological crisis within a society whose fundamental model of relationships continues to be one of domination. They must unite the demands of the women's
As Helen Cixous suggests, Gilman “breaks up truth with laughter.” (11) Although it was written hundred years ago yet it has so much relevance in the contemporary world. By strongly criticizing the culture and tradition of outside world, Gilman has brought this imaginary world with a feminist perspective. She has presented in her novel that, gender difference, suppression and oppression of women, sexual harassment, rape, will continue throughout the years. Gilman’s works are strongly embedded and connected with women like Women and Economics, Concerning Children, The home: Its work and Influence and many more. Herland depicts the breakdown of isolated society and expresses the changed ideas and the conflict between the outside world and their world.
This chapter presents a review of the ecofeminist theory: the history of man alienation from women and nature, the basis for the association between women and nature. Different feminist perspectives prior to the theory of ecofeminism and how they handled the mutual relationship between women and nature and how this led to the emergence of the theory of ecofeminism. Some of the important terms in the theory of ecofeminism, ecofeminism and deep ecology, ecofeminism and the feminine principle, characterization of ecofeminist philosophy, ecofeminism and the sense of place, and finally ecofeminism and the division within the theory itself. During the last centuries, and especially after the emergence of the Industrial Revolution, a degradation
Abstract The paper makes an analytical study of My Story, thefamous fictional autobiography by Kamala Das. In My Story, Kamala Das tells her personal experiences including her growth into womanhood, her life in matriarchal rural South India after inheriting her ancestral home, her unsuccessful quest for love in and outside marriage and her struggle as a woman writer. The paper shows how the author describes the multiple types of oppression faced by women in the Kerala society, especially through the forces of a caste ridden patriarchal society. Besides, she also speaks about the internal dissention produced by members of her own gender on the other. By delineating her personal experiences, she speaks for her contemporarywomen companions and tries to inspire them for a protest against this marginalisation.