Ecofeminism is a term believed to be coined by the French writer Francoise d’Eaubonne in her book Feminisme Ou La mort (feminism or death). Ecofeminism interprets the connection between women and nature. Ecofeminism brings to light , women’s repression and exploitation in terms of the repression and exploitation of the environment women and nature are believed to be correlated through their shared history of oppression by a patriarchal society. Vandana Shiva claim that women have a unique bond with the environment through their daily interactions and this connection has been ignored. She says women “have been experts in their own right of holistic and ecological knowledge of processes.
“I only feel it’s worth writing a book if I have something important to say,” the author of Animal Dreams stated (Ryan). Throughout the novel, Barbara Kingsolver chooses to include numerous subjects like parental relationships, Native Americans, U.S. involvement in Nicaragua, and most importantly, ecofeminism (Kingsolver, Barbara and Lisa See 46). Based on her book Holding the Line, which covers the great Arizona mine strike of 1983, Codi and her female town friends are devoted to the protection of their homeland ecological system. Because of the role of women and their devotion to the environment, one of the most prominent themes is ecofeminism. Codi’s gradual maturation and love for the environment, Hallie’s strength and bravery, and the women of the Stitch and Bitch club all represent the ecofeminist aspect of the novel.
I will also discuss the circumstances of the isolation as empowering element in the narrator’s case. Finally I will present how the writer considered the narrator as a free independent mind even when put in isolation and her ability to get her readers to respond with both horror and also sympathy. Charlotte Perkins Gilman was an outspoken renowned feminist writer in the 19th century. Her works reflected women state in male dominant community. The background of the writer was similar to that of the narrator in The Yellow Wallpaper.
In my production I would emphasize the complex relationship between nature and nurture. I chose nature verses nurture because it is slightly unconventional compared to the more prominent themes in the play and it has modern connections since the debate between nature and nurture continues today. In the play, nature will be predetermined as either good or bad and depending on which, the characters will reflect their nature accordingly through their actions and dialogue. Miranda, Prospero’s daughter, was predetermined as naturally good by Prospero when he says “Thy mother was a piece of virtue, and she said thou wast
The way individual actors focus their attention is strongly influenced by their environmental stimuli, as actors are part of multiple social networks, cultures and structures. The situational fit between the institutional logic and environmental characteristics determine an actor’s identity, goals and schemas guiding social interaction. This perspective takes a rather instrumental view on rationality, emphasising on the role of personal interests enabling a variety of cognitive orientation rooted through multiple networks and structures (Lounsbury, 2008). Lounsbury (2001) highlighted the role of collective social movement in the creation new institutional logics. The authors showed how the ecological movement SEAC helped in building upon a recycling industry and the diffusion across American universities.
Social Determinism and Blind Fate in McTeague and Sister Carrie In the nineteenth century, many writers were influenced by several theories. One of these theories is the theory of social determinism. Social determinism is a belief in the central nature of people whose society has a strong effect to shape their characters according to their needs. Frank Norris and Theodore Dreiser, considered as Naturalist writers, have employed the theory of determinism in their works. Both of them argue that people have shaped by certain social forces, and these social forces play an important role to control people’s fate.
This paper argues that King Lear can help re-shape the emerging discourse of eco-criticism. The play’s focus on human dis-harmony with the non-human environment resonates with recent developments in ecological science like the ‘‘post-equilibrium shift’’. Shakespeare’s representations of dis-equilibrium in the storm scenes can correct eco-criticism’s reliance on pastoral and Romantic visions of harmony. The play’s emphasis on the way natural systems, especially the weather, disrupt humanity’s meaning-making capacities generates an alternative to dualistic notions of the selfnature relationship. By representing ecological instability and pluralized selfhood, King Lear reminds ‘‘green’’ readers how difficult and disorderly living in a mutable eco-system
The present paper seeks to outline ecocritical examination to the relevance and presence of the entire ecological systems in Environmental issues in Arundhati Roy’s The God of Small Things. It draws attention of literary world to human responsibility towards our environment of which all human beings are an integral part. Arundhati Roy, being a socially aware intellect with deep concern for the environment, expresses her thoughts that human beings need to express a concern for the environment in order to make this earth liveable for generations to come. KEYWORDS : Ecocriticism, Modernisation,Ecocritic, Urbanisation, Environmental Movement,Environmental ethics AIM OF THE PAPER The aim of this paper is to highlight how nature writing plays a significant role in depicting
(Birkeland, 2002) refers to Eco-design as “responsible design”, and says that eco design can be learned through carrying out certain practices. Eco design measures for carbon footprints, that is, how much carbon dioxide is produced and emitted into the environment as a result of the design created. The aim of practicing eco design is therefore to reduce and minimize the carbon footprint. Open space is featured in a green building design as a micro eco-system in that it can provide habitat for vegetation and wildlife, create a microclimate for users, and increase storm water infiltration for soil and land (Hamin and Gurran, 2009). Eco design is so closely related to sustainable design that the terms are often used
As far back as 1979, people such as Eisenstein have believed that Karl Marx was very wise in his teachings and that through his work “a theory of relations of reproduction” (Yanagisako, S. & Collier, J. 1987) should be made. This theory would have to incorporate the role of women and take a feminist approach to the Marxist theory itself. In many of Marx’s discussions he speaks about how women are seen and labeled as the means of reproduction. Gender and kinship studies are defined by our folk conception of human reproduction.