It allows one to understand hoe the society fits together and the consequences that might arise when the community is affected by social change. Secondly, sociology enables one to develop a sense of appreciation for the diversities that are found in a set of people. It also develops the knowledge of an individual on a range of issues including human behavior, the social organization as well as culture. 6. Introduce one classical sociological
One of the most crucial aspects of the self-concept is self-esteem. (Greenwald, Bellezza,& Banaji 1988). Self-estem is a simplistic term for varied and complex mental states pertaining to how one views oneself. (JosephA.Bailey,1,MD) Sigelman (1999) claims that self-esteem is the evaluation of a person’s worth, that being high or low which is based on self perceptions being both positive and negative which make up the self concept of a person. As human beings, self esteem is an important emotion to us as it effects our daily lives in different ways.
These self-feelings make self-esteem important both experientially and motivationally. Self-esteem can change over time, but individuals tend to maintain a consistent view of their self-worth due to the need for psychological consistency and the need to resolve cognitive dissonance. The motivation to maintain and enhance a positive conception of one-self is a major dynamic of many contemporary self-theories (Gecas 1991). There are several processes that can be used to develop self-esteem: reflected appraisal, social comparisons, and self-attributions. Reflected appraisal is the most important process because of its emphasis within symbolic interaction theory.
Self-concept is one’s answer to the question of “who am I”. It helps us to organize our thinking and guide our social behavior. The formation of self-knowledge can be explained in four psychological theories, introspection, the looking glass self, social comparison, and self-perception. Our image is different with our self-concept and others views, because we create a favorable self-presentation with tactics by impression management. Self-awareness not only enables our self-reflection, but also motivates us to be a better person.
They were told that it was the experimenter’s very best toys and had decided to reserve them for other children. This was done to create some kind of level of frustration in order to cause aggression. Next, they were taken into the room with the Bobo doll. Bandura found that the children who observed the aggressive model made more aggressive responses than those in the other two groups. Regarding the second aim,
How the four contributing factors shape my self-esteem Self-esteem is used to describe of a person 's sense of self-worth or personal value and reflects a person 's overall subjective emotional evaluation of his or her own worth. It is often seen as a personality traits which is enduring. There are four contributing factors that influence our self-esteem. They are social interaction, social information, social comparison, and self-observation. Now, I will use my experience to show you how these four factors shape my self-esteem.
Chapter I Introduction An individual’s self-esteem is one of the major factors in self-image or self-concepts and considered to be an important determinant in human behavior. As such self-esteem has been conceptualized and examined in a variety of ways in the educational, sociological and psychological contexts. Self-esteem according to Ferkany (2008) is “how a person feels about him or herself, good or bad, and as manifested in a variety of ways, for example, in pride or shame, but especially in self-confidence”. Possession of high self-esteem has positive behavioral benefits. These include independence, responsibility taking, and toleration of frustration, resistant to peer pressure, willingness to attempt new tasks and challenges, ability
This study will use the Self Determination Theory as its fundamental theoretical framework. The theoretical framework in use is defined as a formal theory which strongly emphasizes intrinsic and extrinsic forms of motivation in terms of the vital role they play in cognitive construction and social development within individuals. Based on literature gathered from Buitendach (2011) intrinsic motivation refers to doing an activity for its own sake. Thus, one goes into a particular activity to enjoy it or merely just for self-fulfilment purposes (p.4). Whereas in contrast, according to Meyer and Gagner (2008), extrinsic motivation of the self-determination theory refers to engaging in an activity for instrumental reasons , thus extrinsic motivators are viewed to be made up of two cornerstones namely external regulations which are seen to be actions that are performed with the expectation of receiving a reward or avoiding punishment , the second cornerstone is integration which is defined as form of expressing one’s state (as cited in Buitendach , 2011, p.4).
Our character basically is a composite of our habits, they are consider as a powerful factors in our lives because they are consistent unconscious patterns and they express our character and produce our effectiveness or ineffectiveness, it can be learned and unlearned. It is the renewal and continual improvement that build one's personal production capability. Habit defined as the intersection of knowledge, skill and desire where knowledge is the theoretical paradigm (the what to do and the why), skill is the how to do and desire is the motivation (the want to do). In order to make something a habit in our lives, we have to have all three, moreover we can break through to new levels of personal and interpersonal effectiveness by working on
Motivation Definition: Armstrong, (2001) defined motivation as a goal-directed behavior. Motivation is concerned with the strength and factors that influence people to behave in certain ways. Motivation can refers to the goals individuals have, the ways in which individuals chose their goals and the ways in which others try to change their behaviour. According to Arnold et al (1991), there are three components of motivation and they are classified as in the following way: • Direction – What a person is trying to do; • Effort - How hard a person is trying; • Persistence – How long a person keeps on trying. Motivation other people is about getting them in a particular direction which you want them to move in order to achieve a result.