The time has come for a reaffirmation of age-old concepts like pastoralism, romanticism, transcendentalism and naturalism, which define and explore man’s relation to nature. In the light of the present environmental awareness, redirecting human consciousness to a full consideration of its proper place in a threatened natural world can be the most important function of literature today (Love
Nature and literature goes hand in hand. The world of literature throngs with works dealing with beauty and power of nature. However, the concern for ecology and the hazard that the incessant exploitation of our environment poses on humanity has recently caught the attention of the writers. This sense of concern has given rise to a new branch of literary theory, namely Eco-criticism. Ecocriticism is the study of representations of nature in literary works and of the relationship between literature and the environment.
Emerson seems to focus a great deal on the ties between nature and the spirit. He tells readers what the connections are. Thoreau, on the other hand, often shows us the connections, but leaves it up to us to make them in our own minds. Now I’m going to give you details about “Nature” essay in order to get much more familiar with the terms used in it .
Naïve eyes can only see “pretty pictures in it, painted by the sun and shaded by the clouds, whereas to the trained eye these were not pictures at all, but the grimmest and most dead-earnest of reading matter” (64). This brings us back to the clear white backdrop in Kerstin Bratsch’s painting that can be seen as analogous to Twain’s clarity and certainty about the change in his outlook towards the river. But Twain argues that this understanding does not mean the mind is at
What prompts this kind of study is the demand for unfolding one of the significant aspects of the kind of poetry presented by Frost. The study examines the natural imagery which figures out in the specified poems and points out their relation to the intended themes and the philosophical ideas the poet wants to convey. Frost 's poetry abounds in many and various kinds of natural imagery which have particular functions in his poetry. To explore them will give a broad point of view concerning the essence of this study. It is very important to recognize that the respective poems reflect the poet 's stand concerning human life and his point of view concerning the world as a whole.
Thus the ecological criticism deconstructs the relationship between nature, culture and literature. The term ‘literary ecology’ was first introduced by J.William Meeker, which refers to “the study of biological themes and relationships which appear in literary works. It is simultaneously an attempt to discover what roles have been played by literature in the ecology of human species”. He further says that ecology is an ancient theme in art and literature. He says that the physical world can be divided into two
More specifically, it delves into research in many disciplines, such as biodiversity, climate change, gender, economics, ecosystem management, endangered species, environmental law, etc. (IUCN). This organization has scientists that conduct research on how to improve our environment and protect it. An example of this could be IUCN’s Red list. The Red list consists of specific information of endangered species and data collected by research.
The term conservation can refer to different but similar things. Some define conservation as long term preservation of cultural property whereas in some cases conservation can be related to preservation of natural resources. Nevertheless, this research will focus on conservation in ecosystem, ecological and natural resources perspective. The summary research will reflect on conservation at a broader level, including terms that are interlinked to it such as environmental management, biodiversity, protected areas and relevant qualifications that are required in the field of conservation (Csandbrook, 2014). Sources such as Open Education Resources (OERs) will be used mostly for this research to access information, including text books.
Lastly, WWF concerns about the public education on the biodiversity conservation in all its aspects. Its success can be seen on the raising environmental awareness of the general public, including the developed (the idea of post-materialists) and developing countries