The 120,000 square-mile area the Dust Bowl destroyed was Kansas, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma and Colorado. The Dust Bowl was a name given to the Great Plains region that was struck with a drought in the 1930’s. Before the Depression, many of the farmers in the Great Plains were over producing wheat due to the war. Farmers plowed more land and removed grass in order to make more room for their crops. Then the Depression hit and the demand for wheat decreased.
However, there is plenty of evidence that all was not well with the American economy in the 1920s, and in 1928 the 'boom' began to slow down. Farming- overproduction led to the fall of wheat prices, wheat fell from $183 a bushel in 1920 to only 38 cents in 1929. The average income of a farmer was only 40% of the average american wage and most farmers couldn't afford to pay their mortgage. In 1924 about 600 thousand farmers went bankrupt.
The dust bowl ruined families and their farms. The dust bowl made food way overpriced and rare to find fresh crops. For example “for a $2 a bushel to 4$ the crops skyrocketed”. ( ken burns ). I pick this quote because it ruined the economy because every crop is higher because there isn't a lot of good crops they were all ruined.
The economic elements of 1861-1865 were very different for the North and the South. The North was doing very well, compared to the South. In the North they had to lay-off many workers and close down the textile industries because of the scarcity of cotton. However, the “arms, metalworking, boot making, and shipbuilding industries” were booming in the North (Keene, 391). The wages of the workers rose by about 40 percent, but the prices of goods rose at the same pace as the inflation rate averaged about 15 percent annually (Keene, 391).
This connects to how the Greasers in The Outsiders live in a poor neighborhood and also struggled to earn enough money. Evidence that reveals this in The Outsiders is, “ We’re poorer than the Socs and the middle class.” The Greasers are poorer than others and have to work hard to make as much money as they can. Also, Greasers have a bad reputation because they are extremely poor compared to a Soc. Making enough money to get by is a big obstacle for both immigrants and the
Many families stayed for the entire five years because of hardships like these. Several large corporations also took advantage of this act by paying people to buy the best property which had great resources. The Homestead Act of 1912 diminished the homestead requirements to three years instead of the initial five years but by this time most of the land had already been claimed. The Homestead Act was in effect for more than 100 years .The
Bees in Decline Honey bees visit around 50-100 different flowers in one collection trip for honey; What would happen if millions of hives are declining in populations? The decline in bees is a serious problem that could cause the beautiful spring colors to turn dark and saturated without colors. This epidemic is worldwide, and could be a serious problem, more than one third of what goes on your plate is made with products that have been pollinated by bees (The Bees in). The bees have been declining in most of Europe because of the rough cold winters they have had the past years dropping their populations by almost 53%, as well as pesticides dropping the populations and killing of the entirety of a single hive ().
Many farmers responded to the price drop by producing even more to compensate for the lower prices so they could keep up with their debts. By the 1930’s, farmland in the great plains to become three times larger than a decade before. Copious amounts of soil has been plowed for so long that the topsoil has practically become dust. These stated events were the reasons many farmers endlessly plowed the great plains over the course of decades with little focus on land management, thus setting the stage for the dust bowl.
America was a rural and agricultural country that transitioned into a country filled with industry and large cities. Michael Roark who wrote The American Promise says "The last three decades of the nineteenth century witnessed an urban explosion. "(485). America would not have become the industrial giant it was at the end of the 19th century if it had not been for the huge influx of immigrant workers willing to take low wages for hard work, despite this the middle class still viewed these people as inferior and uneducated. America in the late 19th century rose as one of the global industrial giants (486).
The loss of nearly all of the petroleum imports from the Soviet Union had the biggest impact on Cuba due to its dependency of fossil fuels. Without the petroleum of the Soviet Union, consumption levels decreased 20% of its previous level within two years causing the transport, industrial and agricultural systems to become practically non-existent. There was also an extensive losses of productivity in both Cuban agriculture and industrial capacity because of the inability to power modern machinery such as tractors, combines, and harvesters, all of which required petroleum to run. Additionally, Cuba had been re-exporting excess Soviet petroleum that was not consumed to other nations for profit. Petroleum had been Cuba 's second largest export product at the time before the economic
the poor distribution income and unemployment was again showed in the work of Eric Rauchway. In his book “The great depression” he said, “11.5 million out of work represented only the workers who had no pay check. Many of them had families who depended on them for a living. So the 11.5 million who had jobs represented something like thirty million Americans who had lost their source of income,” (p.40).
Also, training was provided for unemployed youth and students in need of help through the National Youth Administration (NYA). Relief was also provided by the Fair Labor Standards Act, which established a minimum wage of .40¢ and maximum 40 hour work week (Fair Labor Standards Act). Despite the abundance of opportunities for the unemployed, the unemployment rate was still off the charts. In the year of the stock market crash, 1929, the unemployment rate was 3.2% and in 1933, FDR’s first year in office, it soared to 25.2%. Over the course of just four years, a quarter of Americans were jobless and the New Deal wasn’t changing that.
In 2013 one million single mothers with children under 18 would have benefited from a minimum wage increase to $10.15. Single mothers are 10% of workers affected by an incrementation but they make up only 5.7 of the overall work force. More than two million espoused men and women with children under age 18 would additionally benefit from an
Louisiana’s rate of loss per year is estimated to be about twenty kilometers/year, or about twenty-four square miles. Even more land is being lost as storms hit harder and harder without the protection wetlands bring. The land reduces storm surges, every 2.7 miles of wetlands reducing storm surge by one foot. As these wetlands are disappearing, the storm surges are increasing, washing more and more of the wetlands away. This is especially distressing because about half of Louisiana’s population lives by the coast, and 60-70% of Louisiana’s people (about two million people) will be at risk without the coast.
However, it seems they made the most of what they did have and that was cotton. The textile industry became a huge part of the Catalonian economy and fortunes were made so quickly that this period became known as the Febre D’Or (Gold