The world has a rich history of slavery extending from the past to present day. Although present day slavery is seen for the most part as an abomination to human life, the past tells a tale of a different story; a story that often seems as though slavery was justified and accepted. This paper seeks to provide a brief history of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade. It is intended to help educate the reader and develop a perspective on whether or not slavery was a justifiable commodity given the time period. Alternately, it may lead to the conclusion that the triangular trade route was developed by early day entrepreneurs whose intellectual dishonestly allowed the slave trade practice to prevail for centuries.
In addition, Europeans later took control of the Atlantic Slave Trade by trading slaves to North Americas, South America, and the Caribbeans. Europe then colonized and conquered some parts of Africa, and began trading any African to different nations. As for the slaves themselves, they faced unimaginable brutality. They were marched to the slave ports on the coast, shaved and branded onto ships. The times in the ships were very cruel, in fact, there was many diseases which led to
William’s main argument in this book is that the rise of industrial capitalism in Europe would not have been possible without the profits derived from African slave labor. Williams does an exceptional job of demonstrating how slavery transformed England into an economic superpower. This book illustrates the economic aspects of the slave trade as it addresses who benefited from it, how it contributed to the formation of capitalism. When referencing the book by Eric Williams, “Capitalism and Slavery” the origin of Negro slavery is something in history that is disputed and misconstrued. According to William’s book slavery was caused by numerous economic
The process of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade was a maniac and unsafe affair. Nevertheless, as the demand for slaves grew for the Europeans, African chiefs would organize raids to take people from other societies and frequently launch wars to capture victims for slave trade. People taken right out of their homes, fields, and villages; people’s lives changed instantly. In the book The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, Olaudah shows just how frightening, awful, and changing this experience really is for the good and the bad. The book begins with Equiano explaining the history of the place that he was born which is Eboe, a kingdom of Benin, located in Guinea.
This happened by having more advanced weapons, cooperate with local leader, and took advantage of Africa conflict. The effects of European imperialism on Africa was economic negative because European took away their properties them using Africans and Indians for labor which caused the loss of food. It was social positive because they got rid of slavery which the Africans had more opportunities. The effects of European imperialism in Africa was economic negative because European took away their properties them using Africans and Indians for labor which caused to lose food. According to document one by Ndansi Kumalo who was a chief from Rhodesia in 1890s states, Africans were angry at the British because they took away their animals, property and land.
Drawing on Adam Smith’s views, Harriet Martineau portrayed slavery as an economically disastrous system, explaining how everyone would profit if the slaves were freed . The advocates of emancipation presented it as furnishing an economic stimulus via market expansion, as the free worker was also a consumer – an abolitionist pamphlet published in Liverpool in 1828 argued that ‘the slaves in our West India islands, by being made free would not only raise more produce, but also consume much more of our manufactures’ . For his part, Thomas Clarkson rode 35,000 miles and boarded hundred of ships to gather evidence against slavery – he collected a lot of material, put in a specially made box (‘the Clarkson box’), in order to demonstrate the horrors of the practice, but also the skills of the Africans and the possibilities that existed for an alternative trading system . However, the Agency Committee refused to make a purely or predominantly economic argument against slavery, instructing its lecturers to make clear that the central objection to slavery was humanitarian and religious
It was the direct destruction of Africans. Enslavement in Africa became part of an international trade system called the ‘triangular trade’. As part of this trade, African captives were taken thousands of miles across the Atlantic and forced to work in plantations and mines. African people trafficking to America were part of triangle trade between Africa Europe and New World. There was created a circle Europe provided Africa by manufactured goods; from Africa to America were trafficking slaves; and Europe gave raw materials from America.
The Atlantic slave trade was a monumental event in history which has had far reaching impacts on the world. It began with the Portuguese buying slaves off of rulers in coastal West Africa in the 15th century, but the remainder of Europe was quick to follow. The slave trade lasted for over 300 years, reaching its peak in the 18th century. Over the course of these years, it is estimated that over 12 million African slaves were shipped across the Atlantic to the Americas. This large scale and lengthy slave trade brought significant political, cultural, and economic change to the societies involved.
Especially, Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade (Triangular Slave Trade) not only highly affected the continent but also left it with sophisticated disputes for the continuing generation because it depopulated the continent and morally undermined the peoples. Since the 18th century, even though some European governments had attempted to be abolished slave trade activities by laws; the more bad condition (colonization) could come to replace the slave trade and other trade activities. The reason is that the objective of the slave trade was to use African labor outside Africa; whereas that of colonization was to exploit their labor on their own land, in Africa, and to get the market for industrial commodities. Colonization affected the African histories, cultures and traditions and identities, and shaped the societies with European modes of life. Due to this, Africans were considered as uncivilized societies that had already psychologically and morally marginalized the people.
Although forms of slavery existed before the 1400s, this decade stigmatized the start of European slave trading in Africa with the Portuguese transferring people from Africa to Portugal and exploiting them as slaves. The development of colonization intensified the slave trade. Throughout the 1600s, more countries were involved in the European slave trade, including Spain, North America, Holland, France, Sweden, and Denmark. After the cessation of the African slave trade, occurred the phenomenon of “white slavery”, which constitutes the “procurement—by use of force, deceit, or drugs— of a white woman or girl against her will for prostitution.” 4.1.2. Human Trafficking in the 1900s