Economic Barriers In Sport

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2.4 Economical barriers:
Women are expected to commit and dedicate all of their time and money to their children, which leads to them to have little or no money or time for themselves for their own well-being. This links up with the socio-cultural factor which manifests these historical beliefs and expectation. These social practices are transmitted by the vast majority and not only by men, but also by women who share the same perception of what are normal and acceptable to society (Cailliau, 2013). Due to this, women experience a lack of time, lack of appropriate, safe and accessible infrastructure and a lack of clothing to participate freely in sport or any form of physical activity (Cailliau, 2013). This has a snowball effect where women
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Due to the high cost of participating in sport they can’t afford to invest in equipment and gear needed as many of them have families to support. This does not only limit older women, but also affects young women’s sports participation directly because their parents can’t afford it or the lack of good, active role models in households for children due to bad habits of parents (Hatcher, 2016). Unfortunately, in order to be scouted for talent identification women often need to be part of a recognised club which means that membership fees, transportation, expensive equipment due to standard of a club and uniform, to name a few, can be a costly business - especially to the average South African (Hatcher, 2016). This just comes to show that the economic factor does not only affect the participation in sport but also performance. If young women have the opportunity to compete nationally or internationally there are usually sponsors covering the cost, but this is only available to some sports, usually more male dominated sports (Hatcher, 2016). In many cases a large amount of the total cost need to be provided from the player/s and this causes persons who cannot afford it to never excel beyond club level. This is visible at all levels - and women’s sport more often than men’s sport. For example, there is a large amount of money invested into…show more content…
Gender ideologies such as masculinity and femininity, creates assumptions of what women should look like, how they should act and what they can and cannot do. This means that women are expected to be feminine, beautiful, team moms and are mocked when they excel in traditional men sports such as boxing (Coakley, 2014). This is also related to the economic factor where women historically were not allowed to participate in sport, so traditional men sport is especially disapproved by society (Coakley, 2014). Women were only expected to participate in sport such as hockey, tennis and netball, with men dominating other sports (Adams, Barker, Gledhill, Lydon, Mulligan, Phillippo & Sutton, 2010). Homosexuality in sport is frowned upon and causes a lot of uproar, especially in the media. When women participate in a traditional men dominated sports choice such as rugby, they are thought to be “lesbians” or homosexual (Bindel, 2014). This discourages women to participate in these sports and rather conform to societal depicted roles of men and women. The feminist theory raises concerns about oppression of women and emphasizes women’s right and gender equality (Coakley, 2014). Where women were expected only clean the house and look after children, these activists emphasize that women are equal to men and that sport shouldn’t be gendered activities. Social barriers have placed an immense amount
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