Economic Benefits Of Tourism

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2 Tourism Industry “Tourism comprises the activities of persons travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one year for leisure, business and other purposes”. United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO).
“Tourism is the temporary short-term movement of people to destinations outside the places where they normally live and work, and activities during their stay at these destinations; it includes movement for all purposes, as well as day visits or excursions.”(Holloway, 1987, p.2 & 3).
The travel and tourism industry is the world’s largest commercial sector industry. (TG Journal, 2008). Tourism industry is one of the most dynamic and competitive industry in the globe. Customers’ needs and satisfaction
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Social Benefits: Tourism uplifts the true identity of a place or a country by showcasing distinct characteristics of their ways of life, arts, history and culture and also by preservation the customs and tradition which may be at risk.
Environmental benefits: Tourism provides financial support for the conservation of ecosystems and natural resource management, making the destination more authentic and desirable to tourist and also it adds more value to the local tourism.
Economic Benefits: Tourism provides job opportunity to the community, such as tour guide or hotel housekeeping, travel agent, etc. Indirect Employment is generated through other industries such as agriculture, food production and retail. Tourism also helps in alleviation of poverty in mostly developing countries where tourism is the main source of income. Development of infrastructures such as roads, schools, hospitals airports, and retail areas have the potential to benefit local community and can assist economic development through more trade and better flow of goods and services.(The Responsible Traveler Guide,
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Some of the consequences of exceeding the environmental capacity include strain on already scarce resources such as water, food, energy and natural habitat areas and also unchecked tourism management may lead to natural disasters like soil erosion, Increased pollution and waste, deforestation, Increased pressure on endangered species of animals and plants and as well as loss of biodiversity. Mass tourism may deplete the socio-cultural traditions and authenticity of host community by introducing foreign elements which are in conflict with cultural, historical, and religious heritage of the community. (The Responsible Traveler Guide,
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