Australia’s experiences of World War II were significant for Australia and impacted on the shaping of our national identity. Australia 's response to entry into World War II in 1939 differed from Australia 's entry into World War I in 1914. Reasons for this includes attitudes towards war changing after gaining the knowledge and experiencing consequences of World War I, the conditions and lead up to World War II as well as Australia’s strong support for Britain. Firstly, the attitude of Australians changed due to World War 3I proving that war was not glamourous or exciting like it was assumed. During the lead up to World War II Australians had already struggled to survive through the depression and were now required to survive at war. Finally, by 1939, Australians were questioning the validity to support and defend the 'Mother Country ' at all costs. These are just three of the World War II experiences that helped shape the nation.
Divisions in Australian society virtually disappeared during the crisis of World War I. All were united in a common cause. To what extent do you agree with this statement?
After the events of World War 2 in 1945, multiculturalism in Australian popular culture has emerged significantly. Evolving through the forms of food and tourism/ travel multiculturalism has contributed to the modern Australian identity. World War 2 left Australia with a much smaller population and the government realised that they needed to “populate or perish” As a result immigrants looking to find better lives started arriving in Australia between 1947-1963 brining new foods and customs. Food from different cuisines became a major part of Australian culture during the late 1900’s with many different types of food becoming available throughout the country. Forms of transport changed within Australia, as the increased population, caused
During World War 2 (1939 – 1945), Australia had a variety of impacts on both its government and its people. The war had a great effect on the place of indigenous people in Australia as indigenous men and women joined services throughout the country. The Aboriginal Australians, both the men and the women had contributed in the second Great War. Meanwhile, when the Aboriginals of Australia had jobs during World War 2, Australia’s economy boomed with the help of the war as many Australian troops had gone out to fight for the British. The economy had boomed during the period of the Second World War as Australian products could be produced as well.
The 1788 colonisation at Sydney cove, disrupted trade and access to natural resources and impacted the Gameraigal way of life. Between 1790 and 1820 the colony expanded into the Gameraigal lands. Diseases such as small pox and gonorrhoea decimated the aboriginal population and a lack of common cultural understanding fuelled heavy conflict in the area. Many who survived became displaced from their traditional homes or integrated into European society. Alcohol and tobacco compounded problems further, and by the 1860’s aboriginal people were only occasional visitors to North Sydney.
The ‘White Australia Policy’ was first put in place by the federal government in 1901. The overall aim of the policy was to limit non-white immigration, especially Asians. At the time, 98% of Australia’s population were white; Australia wanted to maintain this number, and aim to have the country mainly consist of British people. With most of the country already white, the majority of Australians supported the policy when it was first introduced; this is because the white Australians were concerned about losing their jobs to non-white workers. They believed a restrictive immigration policy was the only way to ensure a secure future. So with denying so many races the right to migrate to Australia, did the policy leave a negative legacy on Australia?
Changing government policies and practices have affected pattern of migration to Australia and changed Australia significantly since World War Two. Policies such as ‘populate or perish’ and the ending of the ‘White Australia Policy’ changed Australia from a largely British society to a multicultural one.
When televisions arrived on the shores of Australia in 1956, it opened doors in Australia’s popular culture establishing some of the most iconic television dramas such as Crocodile Dundee which depicted the typical Australian. Although, the stereotypes being created by these iconic shows, were not depicting Australians as working class people rather as those in the lower class, which according to the Australian National University only make up a proportion of 6.2% of all Australians. Being one of the worlds most urbanised countries, society constantly forget that the Australian population are not ‘Foster 's
The Australian gold rush was an event in Australian history where people all around Australia and the world came to mine for gold in the gold fields near Ballarat, Victoria. How was the Australian gold rush a great triumph for the nation and its communities? The Australian gold rush brought in massive sums of constant income and customers to Australia. The gold rush helped build towns, railways and the very economy Australia. Maids, shopkeepers and farmers benefited from the gold rush as labour was rare, so the income was doubled. Thousands of miners and people looking for quick money to clear debts came in from all over the world. Although the gold rush had influenced the Australia’s colonies
Ethnocentrism occurs when one culture comes into contact with another. It the evaluation of one culture based on preconceived ideas that have derived from the customs and traditions from one’s own culture. William Summer, an American sociologist, believes that an ethnocentrism is “A view of things in which one’s own group is the centre of everything and all others are scaled and rated in reference to it” (Sorrells 2013). This phenomenon can have detrimental outcomes; such as stereotyping and prejudice both of which may hinder intercultural relations and assimilation therefore impacting on societal cohesion.
As era’s have rolled over and civilisation has advanced, the popular culture demonstrated throughout society has also changed. When looking back today, these cultures are characterised by the most notable differences between decades in fashion, entertainment, architecture, technology, sport and more. For the 1950’s and 1960’s this meant post war recovery and a clash between communism and capitalism vs. a revolt against the social norms and the now known ‘hippy era’, a contrast that truly shows how much ten years can change the world. It seemed as though in the twenty year period that expanded both these decades, everyone began to take things a little less seriously, an effect that led current pop culture to where it is now. (Author Unknown, 2014) (Random House Inc., 2014)
Social and cultural structures like religion, language, race, ethnicity, economics and education standing are the key impacts on people’s well-being and health. Australia is a country of diverse population, comprising different cultures from different nationalities that came to call the country home. This represents the country a broad range of racial diversity. The term racial means the social and cultural fundamental institutions or dimensions in the location that effect the improvement of personal beliefs, morals and behavior conducts.
Britain was the biggest colony power in the world. Even the fall of the First Empire did not discourage the British from further colonization of ‘’unknown lands’’. In 1770, Captain James Cook claimed a portion of the Australian continent in the name of King George III. On his journey from Botany Bay to Cape York, Cook recorded several interactions with the indigenous population of Australia. Despite knowing about the continent being inhabited by one of the Earth’s oldest civilizations, Great Britain considered Australia terra nullius - land belonging to no one. With that said, the British went through with the plan of establishing a penal colony in New South Wales and in 1788, the First Fleet led by Captain Arthur Phillip arrived in Sydney Cove. This essay will focus on the effects of racism towards the Aboriginal population of Australia in the past and today.
Every state has a unique culture which defines the people and the national identity of that society. Department of the Army Field Manual 3-24, Counterinsurgency (2006), defines culture as a “web of meaning shared by members of a particular society or group within society” (p. 3-6). This manual adds that “culture conditions the individual’s range of action and ideas, including what to do and not to do, how to do it or not do it, and whom to do it with or not to do it with. Culture also includes under what circumstances the “rules shift and change” (Department of the Army, 2006, p. 3-7). In short, culture is everything that influences a nation as a whole and what makes it unique from other nations. The Federation of Australia has one of the most interesting cultures of any country in the world, highlighted in particular by its physical geography and weather, its history of military conflict, and the politics and economy of the Australian people.