A Hukou residential registration policy was widely and strictly imposed around China since 1949. The registration policy needed the floating citizens, who moved out their district of registered domicile for work, to enroll and get a permit of the new city from the local police department. (Liang and Chen 2007; Yan 2005). Comparing to the local residents, the migrant workers did not have equal treatments in social benefits. In addition, an enormous demand for education in Beijing since many temporary residents brought their children with them or gave birth in the period of migration.
Rather than reducing social and economic inequality, China’s rapid economic growth magnifies the gap of benefits received by people in different socio-economic groups. As we will see, social and economic inequality are two sides of the same coin and is not solely the product of economic development. In addition to pure market forces, state policies play a significant role in contributing to the high levels of inequality China experiences nowadays. Despite the government’s concern towards inequality, recent interventions are not sufficiently targeted at the main causes of this issue which result in the continuing climb of China’s inequality figure. Nevertheless, contrary to conventional wisdom, the threat of inequality to China’s social and
Economical Factors China is seen as one of the most energetic countries in the world when it comes to economic development. The new reforms in 1978 stimulated the Chinese GDP growth from 364 billion RMB to 63.6 trillion RMB within 30 years (chinability.com, 2015). China has persisted to be a primary beneficiary of the world’s destination of Foreign Direct Investment in the latest period. FDI reports 27% of the value added production, 4.1% of national tax revenue, and 58% of foreign trade (usi.edu, 2010). China was facing an economic growth and a huge development, even though the international financial crisis of 2008 left some marks on several aspects of China, above all the export-oriented light industry in southern China (chinapolitik.de, 2009).
Emerging Issues in Urban and Cultural Tourism Along with the rapid development, there also have emerged some issues with China’s Urban and Cultural tourism, these includes: High Rate of Urbanization: China rate of urbanization in 2013 was around 53.73% (Statista, 2014). High degree of Urbanization would result in more Environmental degradation, loss of agricultural land, pressure on natural resources (energy, water and land) and inadequate housing. Language Barrier: Poor Spoken and written English is an issue that many tourists complain about China. Having international language abilities is very important. Students, patients, businessmen and cultural tourists find it difficult to communicate with the local
GP Essay Topic -the attitude of China government treat huge population problems Introduction My research topic is the attitude of China government treat huge population problems. China is a developing country, it has the biggest population in the world, the population of China has reached 1.26 million in 1997 population surveys，that is according 21% of the world population. China has more than 1.3 billion people and it is the most popular country on Earth. Since it has a huge population, however, its economic foundation is weak. As a result, many contradictions and problems in China 's economic and social development are closely associated with the issue of population, which has become the key factor and primary problem that restricted China
China is the most populous country in the world and also a country of numerous farmers. China’s agriculture feeds a population of 1.37 billion of whose 48.8% of the population lives at the rural region. In the current situation, the rural population is 44.39% as per in the China (total % of the population). Land resources are scare: with 22% of the world’s population, china has only 8% of the world’s farmland about 0.1 hectares per capital. The portion of agriculture in China’s GDP dropped from 28.1% in 1978 to 11.8% in 2005.
There are over 0.2 million people registered as rural people, who are the main source of migrant workers in China. “Hu Kou” system not only restrict these migrant workers from rural area to have the same social welfare as urban residents. Their children cannot receive high school education instead of in local province, their medical insurance is different, the average pension is less. It is also hard to apply the relevant bureaucracies for permission and the provals are tightly controlled. Besides, “Hu Kou ”system also result the discriminations of these rural residents, they are regarded as low education and cheap labour in big cities.
According to Thomas J Campanella, “It is estimated that another 350 million Chinese will become urban by 2025.“ This means urban life in China will keep getting overpopulated and will extremely dangerous to breath any air due to the extremely high amount of pollution. This is a huge reason for you to not live in urban China and live in rural China because you can possible die from living in China in the future Additionally, according to Thomas J Campanella, “Nearly half the world's steel and cement is devoured there, and much of the world's heavy construction equipment has relocated to the People's Republic. Tower cranes, for example, have become the ubiquitous symbol of urban China.“ This means there will be even more pollution due to them building factories and machinery and cars which all makes more pollution. This is also a big reason to not live in urban China because it will get extremely dangerous in a couple of years it is possible for there to be a
This indicates that by looking at demographic in China, internal migration causes overpopulation in eastern China, which can trigger depletion of resources, degradation of environment, rise in unemployment, high cost of living, and conflicts and wars. Not only that, since most of the internal migrants do not have approval from the government, they do not have access to most social services. Therefore, occupational safety and health is a huge problem for the migrant workforce. According to International Labor Organization, statistics illustrates from 2000 to 2004 the amount of workplace accidents increased from 100,000 up to 136,000 fatalities and roughly “90% of patients suffering from workplace-related diseases are migrant workers” (IN TEXT CITATION). At the same time, due to the low wages