3 Qantas; Governance assessment and Recommendations 3.1 Overview of review An independent assessment of the Governance Framework was commissioned by the Qantas board in order both confirm adherence to the framework as well as to consider recommendations and improvements. Qantas have a strong governance framework (Anon, 2016) as is mandated by its regulatory requirements and resulting obligations to its shareholders and the Australian security exchange (ASX, 2014). This assessment was completed via the use of publically accessible documentation that outlines existing governance practices within the Qantas group. 3.2 Qantas Governance framework review
9. Environments Like any other Industry, the airline industry is also affected by changes in its external environment. King III (2009) highlights that leaders are not supposed to compromise the natural environment and the livelihood of future generations. Environmental Factors can also have a significant role to play in an airline industry; like in the case of Prof. McPherson we observe the bad weather reducing his time by 1 hour and thirty minutes. In light of the environmental factors that affect the airline industry this Study will focus on the traditional Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Environmental, and Legal Analysis, often referred to as the PESTEL Analysis.
Assignment #1 Introduction Air Canada was established in 1937, provides scheduled and charter air transport for passengers and cargo to 182 destinations worldwide. It is the largest airline of Canada by fleet size and passengers carried. Air Canada is governed by an eleven-member Board of Directors committed to meeting high standards of corporate governance in all aspects of the Corporation’s affairs. Our Mission – “Connecting Canada and the World” Our Vision – “Building loyalty through passion and innovation” PESTEL Analysis: Political Factors: "The 'Open Skies Agreement ' between governments of US and Canada in March 2007 came into action as it liberalized the air transportation services.
Hong Kong Dragon Air is Hong Kong-based international airline, belonging to of the Cathay Pacific Group. The airline was established in 1985, and operates a fleet of narrow-body A320s and A321s, which were both powered by V2500 engines manufactured by International Aero Engines AG (“IAE”) for both passenger and cargo service to destinations to destinations across the Asia-Pacific region, and China. Their vision is to be the World’s best regional airline serving China and beyond. Their missions; places emphasis on safety and operational excellence with customer focus. The airline seeks to embrace innovation by implementing ideas that improve their business. (REF).
The inauguration of Virgin Australia Airlines, by Sir Richard Branson, as a domestic carrier in 2000 basically aimed at the convenience of the budget travelers. The Airlines was inaugurated as relaxed informal airline. Sir Richard was open-minded, amiable, and generous with his management team, imaginative, audacious and exclusive in his thoughtfulness. Initially started as a low-cost carrier, the company improved its services to turn itself into a “new-world carrier” as described by themselves (Virgin Blue media release, 2011, para. 2).However all these faltered when Qantas’ past marketing manager took over during 2011.
Ryanair is a famous low-cost airline company which was established in 1985 by Tony Ryan family. It’s headquartered in Ireland and provides services across Europe. Ryanair was built on Southwest Airlines model, which is highly successful in US, and now Ryanair is one of the most successful and profitable low-cost airlines in the world. In this work, I would like to analyse Ryanair’s external and internal strengths and imperfections.
Looking at the impact of external environment on select companies, we’ll look at both Ford Motor and General Motor companies. The Ford Motors company approximately had 14 percent market share in the U.S. automobile industry (David, 2011). The company had recovered a lot after the impact of recession in the year 2008. The company has been investing in developing vehicles which use alternate energy sources, and is having global presence and brand reputation for its automobiles. The company has received government support during the recession period, and had to cut down thousands of jobs and adopted latest machinery for enhancing the productivity of the company.
Scenario one describes a time sensitive and potential serious future problem, similar to dam holding back flood waters beginning to crack under pressure. If you only plug the holes as they appear you will buy extra time to address the source of the problem, but soon the structure itself will become too weak to do its job. Customers are like flood waters in that they will flow along the easiest path, or in this case, they are attracted by the newest fad. Honestly, it will be too time-consuming to chase and identify why each customer is leaving. Therefore, the group decision technique used should be somewhat expeditious and definite in finding solutions to the company’s problem.
With a rise in fuel prices and environmental factors (such as terrorist threats) reducing air travel, airlines continue to struggle. In union environments, where staff (like pilots and flight attendance) is heavily unionized, the industry has not been able to cut their labor costs. New low-cost industry entrants are adding to the pressure the traditional
• Threat of substitute goods: Threat of substitute good is high in this industry. If a private company or government introduces any fast road transportation services in the United States, then traveling through airline can reduce. Air travel is somehow costlier than road transport. If the same kind of leisure will be provided in public transport with greater speed, then the share of airline industry can decline. This threat can be reduced if their products offer more value than other substitute
1.0 Introduction to Strategic Management Strategic management practices the formation; achievement and reaching the major objectives executed by the management of the company, by considering the capital and a task of the internal and external environments in which the company wishes to compete. 1.1 Introduction to Singapore Airlines Singapore Airlines (SIA) is established in year 1972 with remarkable performance among its competitors in the industry throughout its 35-year-long history till date (Heracleous & Wirtz, 2009). According to Singapore Airlines (2014), SIA is one of the youngest aircraft fleets worldwide to destinations crossing a network of more six continents, with its iconic Singapore Girl providing excellent standard of service to customers. Throughout the years of operations, SIA has an impressive ever-growing list of industry 's leading innovations such as offering free headsets along with a choice of meals and drinks in Economy Class in the 1970s, followed by introducing satellite based in-flight telephones in year 1991, involving an ample panel of renowned chefs, the International Culinary Panel, to provide lush in-flight meals in year 1998, developing audio and video on demand (AVOD) capabilities on KrisWorld in year 2001, and lastly flying the airbus of A380 from Singapore to Sydney on 25 October 2007 (Singapore Airlines, 2014).
Competitiveness Airports operate in a highly competitive environment and therefore encourage developments which make the airport sector more responsive to the needs of their passenger and airline customers. Competition in the airline sector has been a driver of innovation and cost reduction and has delivered major benefits for consumers in terms of increased choice and value. Effective competition between airports is clearly something to be encouraged for the same reasons. “Within the aviation industry, MRO, ground handling, catering, CRS and freight forwarding created economic profits, but these were much more than offset by economic losses by airlines and airports. Airlines were responsible for the large USD17 billion of economic losses globally.
Looking at the respective case studies, SIA, EA and Lufthansa have shared similar challenges like striving for cost effectiveness and differentiation from competitors. Despite these similarities, SIA and EA seem to have survived throughout as an individual highly recognized brands while being involved in Star Alliance overshadows Lufthansa. As well, Lufthansa also operated with higher labor costs than low-cost players or emerging market competitors – years of union advocacy, pension fund obligations, and industry regulations forced these airlines to devote a larger share of revenues towards labor benefits. EA advantage mostly comes from government support and their self sufficient in fuel compared to the other two airlines. External factors like fuel prices or government factors may affect the airlines, but the root of sustaining competitive advantages still lies within the organization’s strategies and core values in order to gain
For instance, with the global financial crisis and later the Eurozone crisis, the number of travellers has significantly reduced due to economic hardships. This has affected the profit levels of the airline as well as slowed down its growth prospects. The airline also faces intense competition from other low cost airlines forcing it to extensively invest in product differentiation to counter the competition. This is an expensive
INTRODUCTION This is the report from our evaluation of the Ryanair Holdings. Ryanair was found in 1985 and has its headquarters at the Dublin Airport Ireland. Flights began between Ireland and the United Kingdom in1986 as the new airline’s Dublin-London route challenged the British Airways-Aer-Lingus duopoly. Ryanair is the pioneer of the low-fares model in Europe and it is the largest European low fares airline. As the time changed, there are many threats come and hurt the Ryanair airline.