The Civil War was a monumental bloodshed, which was fought between the United States of America and the Confederate States, from 1861 to 1865. The primary cause of the war was the Southern states' desire to preserve the institution of slavery, which did not please the beliefs of the North. At the beginning of the Civil War, twenty-two million people lived in the North and 9 million people, which included four million of whom were slaves, lived in the South. The North, led by President Abraham Lincoln and his trusted generals, had more money, more factories, more horses, more railroads, and more food than the south. These advantages made the United States much more powerful than the Confederate States, which ultimately led to Northern victory.
In the three decades leading up to the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861, the abolitionist movement, through direct actions and sentiment against slavery, sowed radical reactionary responses across the southern slave states. While the actions and views of abolitionists did not reflect the widespread or majority opinion of the free states, the reciprocal effect of the abolitionist propaganda and violent actions led to greater polarization in America over the topic of slavery and its expansion. Additionally, the various actions performed by the northern based abolitionist created an aura of fear and paranoia amongst the ruling slaveholding political elite in the south who increasingly saw the actions as an attack on the southern slave
Racism has been, and continues to be, an issue in our American society. Multiple government and social issues have stemmed from hateful bigotry, including Mr. Dred Scott. He was seen as ¨property” not as a ¨person¨ just because of the color of his skin, and that he was not a free man, even if he resided in a ¨free¨ state. This caused an outrage in abolitionists nationwide and changed America forever. Dred Scott was a slave, owned by John Emerson in Missouri (a slave state).
I believe Reconstruction was a failure in the many ways slaves were not protected the way they should have been. Even though the slaves were now free, so many white people continued to feel this unbelievable hatred towards African Americans and found ways to segregate and dismiss them as people. Whites found ways to not allow black men to vote that were unfair. Another heavy failure was the first ever assaination of the President of the United States. Abraham Lincoln was assassinated after he left many hopeful for change.
Much of the damage they did was to scare blacks into accepting that they were hated and even though they had legal rights, they should not use them or practice them. The KKK scared black people away from rights like voting, freedom of speech and leadership positions. One example of how the KKK scared blacks from practicing their rights was “in 1964 when a bomb planted by the Klan killed 1 black person registering to vote and 2 white northern supporters helping people register.” (History.com). Another time was when Viola Lee Liuzzo was killed for driving and organizing freedom marches and speaking out. The hate Klan used violence to control the people who believed in equal rights.
The Freed blacks and slaves dis not like the upper classes or even the poor whites. They felt oppressed by the upper class and despised the poor whites for taking their jobs. Some of the freed blacks would flee to the north to be protected by the Emancipation Proclamation, but even in the north there was hostility regarding African Americans. So, many freed blacks stayed in the south because they had the chance to finally own their own land and could sign labor contracts to work for actual wages. Except, sometimes they would be kidnapped and forced back into slavery because many upper class whites felt they were not worthy of being in a social class nor free.
Race is what set the Africans apart from the Americans and that difference was the reason behind the large amounts of discrimination that they faced. African Americans were largely discriminated against by white society, including being harshly targeted by the Ku Klux Klan, or the KKK. The KKK was initially a social club, but eventually grew to be a way to intimidate African Americans. The KKK’s intentions were to target African Americans whose standing was growing in America. The KKK is a big example of how whites believed that they were far more superior than those who they lived around.
Economically, this resulted in high land rents, impaired profits and rigid wages (Screpanti and Zamagni 2005: 92). Manufacturers opposed this situation since it led to a flow income to landlords because of the redistribution effects of protectionism whereas landowners were enjoying their highs shares (Screpanti and Zamagni 2005: 92). This battle over Corn Laws between manufacturers and landowners actually was manifestation of the greater class conflict in England at the age of high industrialization (Screpanti and Zamagni 2005: 92). This class conflict was between landed aristocracy and merchant bourgeoisie. A great
The lynching of black bodies has left many African Americans mental scarred since they have to fear for the lives of their families and themselves. To know that there is no way that they can be safe from the lynching efforts of the white Americans even though they were given civil
After the Civil War, the nation was very obliterated - metaphorically and literally. Tensions between the North and the South were very high, and the fact that a lot of the land where battles had been fought was destroyed didn’t help at all. One side of Congress used Reconstruction to try and fix a divided country, while Congress in the South were behind the scenes tearing it apart even more. “‘The Compromise of 1877’ was the South’s last bit of ammunition against African Americans and abolitionists.” (Source 4) Since this tore the nation apart even more, and the South was not agreeing with anything that national congress was saying, national congress was forced to make an actual