Economic Liberalization: The Impact Of Economic Liberalization In India

962 Words4 Pages
Liberalization the term, as defined in the global discourse is largely based on the act of relaxation of national economic policies of a country, that is to say that the country ‘liberates’ itself from a domesticated trade to a free trade market. This essay looks at the impact of an economic liberalization on the urban built environment of Indian cities at large borrowing from recent discourses on the post-liberal period globally. We start with the fundamental question of how are cities treated in Indian Literature? Many references to a ‘subaltern’ group of people as discussed predominantly by Indian scholars and anthropologists in the 1970’s and 1980’s can be found when one looks up Indian cities. The second perspective offered is through…show more content…
While the internal domain comprises of culture, religion, family and caste; the external domain comprises of political, social and economical norms. The former is dominated by the grass-roots ideology while the latter is dominated by the State. The friction and dependency of the two is a discourse in itself which forces us to question then, how have liberalization and urban reforms changed the dynamics of the State-society relations? Gavin Shatkin at the Symposium of International Journal of Urban and Regional Research explains this through the changing dynamics in land politics with respect to the current state of political affairs in the Indian context. He substantiates this with the example of a failed attempt of the Communist Party of West Bengal trying to expropriate agricultural land in Singur and Nandigram for an automobile factory, leading to the fall out of the party eventually. The citing of this example leads us to understand that there exists a fair level of knowledge at the global level with regard to the state of affairs at national and grass root levels. It is also indicative at a certain level of the dependency of the Central and State Government on vote bank politics and what it means in an urban environment to allow for the squatters to settle and economically participate for a…show more content…
The ideology of ‘global divides and local unites’ is applied in the making of these spaces and thus reflected in its architecture. This ‘exclusive’ architecture validates to an extent, a new meaning of citizenship that favors only a section of the society on grounds of consumption. In many global discourses including the ones discussed above refer to the rise of a new middle class that largely benefits from a liberalized economy in the third world context. One may counter this argument with an empirical understanding of the third world context of socio-political driven economics at grass root level. Despite what the western world view is of the middle class in India, the ground reality is not as generalized as it appears. It is the urban poor and the upper elite class who seem to have what appears to be a ‘default’ stake in the urban environment. There are newer discourses being made on the ideology of ‘slum-free’ cities to counter the ongoing discourse of vote-bank politics in India. Finally, liberalization of media and telecommunication has had a positive impact on developing countries to the extent that we are informed of the ongoing debates world over which may enable us to identify the missing links in

More about Economic Liberalization: The Impact Of Economic Liberalization In India

Open Document