Poverty In Afghanistan

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Afghanistan is the 40th largest country in the world in terms of population and has an estimated population of around 29.9 million in 2017, of which 15 million are males and 14.2 million females. About 22% of them are urbanite and the remaining 78% live in rural areas. Afghanistan shares its borders with Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north (Wikipedia). Kabul is the capital of Afghanistan and the currency is called as “Afghan Afghani” and 1 US Dollars is equal to 68.95 Afghan Afghani. The north of the country consists of fertile plains, while the south and south-west consist of desert lands where the temperature can get very hot during summer. The primary language spoken in…show more content…
It’s the largest exporter of opium and is responsible for more than 90% of the world’s opium. Most of Afghanistan’s land is deposited with rich mineral ores with reports claiming, it has untapped minerals worth well over $1 Trillion dollars. The GDP per capita in Afghanistan is $561.78 which compared to other countries is extremely low. The reason behind the low GDP per capita is political unrest and lack of development, but the data indicates that the figures are slowly increasing due to foreign aids and foreign investments (World bank). The poverty rate in Afghanistan is 39% and this is due to the negative impact of the crisis triggered by the security and political transition. The decline in aid and growth damaged jobs, and the escalation of conflict further intensified the vulnerability of the Afghan economy. GDP per…show more content…
In 2012, the GDP per capita was at a high with decreasing poverty rates and a good ratio between income and consumption. But suddenly, in the next few years GDP per capita reduces and poverty rates went up. The reason behind the unpredictability is due to political unrest and lack of government control over many regions of the country. In order for Afghanistan to have a more stable and strong economy, the government needs to control the entire region and provide peace and security throughout the region. And if they invest and develop in its mining resources, it can tap the mineral goldmine reserves which can help provide the country with ample financial resources to provide and healthier and strop economy in the

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