When Europeans came to Africa they used many of their raw materials and in return they help the African economy thrive. They built roads, canals, railways and telegraphs for them. They also helped bring schools and newspapers (Document 1). However, lots of the reason they were helping the Africans was for their own gain. The Europeans thought that the African civilization was undisciplined so they took over their economy, they then used it to gain more raw materials and bring in more industrialization (Document 6).
While Europe was trying to control and conquer Africa, Africa was really suffering and in hell because of Europe. In conclusion Europe and Africa both suffered from these events. These are nationalism, culture attitude, and economics. In the long run the race for Africa led to a war within Europe. Africa on this day still has European influences in their everyday lives.
Europe had colonized approximately 90% of the continent by 1914, ignoring how unjust not seeking African participation had been. African leaders had no representation during the proceedings to divide their land. With only the countries of Liberia and Ethiopia remaining independent, Europeans were at their height. The first main driving force for European imperialism in Africa was political competition. European political rivalry for Africa’s land only intensified the already tense situation, giving further reason for European countries to colonize Africa.
According to the excerpt, by colonizing Africa, Europeans added to the prosperity and wealth of these lands and destroyed famine and disease. The colonists also said that from their imperialism, they ended human sacrifices, slave trade, and inter-tribal war. When European imperialists colonized Africa, they did not help them as much as they thought that they did. They helped themselves more than anything. The colonists brought schools and Christianity to try and teach the Africans that their way of life was superior.
However, European states are largely blamed for the slave trade, because of the large implications it had on Africa. African kingdoms were exploited for slaves in return for weapons, gunpowder and gold, which doesn’t compare to the millions of people that have been forcibly relocated to work as slaves. In the BBC News article by Will Ross, it is stated that “There has also been an impact on African culture”. With the loss of millions of people, African states had slowly lost their ability to gain economic, social and cultural independence, because as soon as slavery was abolished, European states immediately returned to colonise most of the continent. Ghana is a prime example of a country that had to deal with the burden of the slave trade where “the scene in many rural areas appears to have changed little with grass thatched mud-walled huts”, this is inadvertently caused by the transatlantic slave trade.
Consequently, these countries now controlled the resources found in their respective colonies. European industries, especially those of food, textiles, and automotive, significantly benefited from Africa’s plentiful cotton, palm oil, sugar, metals, rubber, and so on (Document D). Several countries, such as Great Britain, would profit over $20 million yearly in exports following African colonization (Document E). Gaining abundant resources through the colonization of Africa was essential for European industries to survive economically. Africa’s resources were the principal factor that drove European
That stated Africans were not just enslaved for economic purposes but he also argues that it would have been cheaper to enslave Europeans and bring them in New World. This argument is most likely correct because it explores not just the economic reasons behind why Africans were enslaved but the cultural reasons
British and French European countries were considered the biggest winners in the “race” to size African colonies in 1914. By 1885 the only two African countries to remain independent was Ethiopia and Liberia. (Doc A) John Ruskin announced in his lecture at Oxford University February 8, 1870 that the colonist “first aim” should be “to advance the power of England by land and by sea” This influence that John had for the European countries was a great impact for imperialism in Africa . Great Britain made about 3 million dollars from exports to South Saharan Africa in 1854 and this number increased to 20 million in 1900. This change in rate of growth for exports in Great Britain was a cause for competition in Africa among the European countries with the resources Africa was providing such as copper, zinc, lead, and coal.
Between the 300 Years of 1500 and 1800’s European nations traded slaves, gold and ivory throughout the west coast of Africa. It changed when I the 1800’s people moved into central Africa and by the 1880’s Africa was being attacked by almost all of the world's nations. So what was the driving force behind imperialism in Africa. It was all made up from economics, morality and revolution. Out of economics morality and revolution economics is a very important one.