Economic Role In Tourism

1064 Words5 Pages
It is a matter of fact that tourism is not the world’s largest industry. However, it is recognized as a big industry worldwide, which is a key sector of development in several countries, a major source of income, and it plays a significant economic role. It generates revenue of billions of dollars every year involving thousands of stakeholders and the general public. It is thus recognized as an important driver of the regional, local, and national economies. The government sector has played a vital role in supporting tourism development in many countries. According to Baum and Szivas (2008) a government has the responsibilities of constructing infrastructure, providing educational requirements for tourism, providing legislations, regulations…show more content…
First, only governments have the ability to create an environment that is beneficial for the tourism industry. Their policies address a range of objectives, such as social, environmental, economic, and educational, which will be more attractive for a country as a destination. Furthermore, only governments have the ultimate power to provide security, political stability, and financial structure in order to boost tourism development (Marketa, 2016). Second, tourism depends on the success of other industries. The provision of public goods, for example clean beaches, is vital for tourists. Therefore, the government plays a crucial role in tourism if a country wants to create an environment that is capable to compete. Role: The role of governments is a crucial and complex aspect of tourism, involving policies, building infrastructure, and creating political stability if they want tourism to thrive in their countries. According to Baum and Szivas (2008) the government has great potential in shaping the economy and its development in all countries. They also argue that the government can create employment opportunities and thus contribute to the social and economic development of a…show more content…
Concerns have been raised about the government and how effective they have been in integrating sustainability practices and principles within tourism planning policies and processes. According to Ruhanen (2012) the local government has been given only little attention in addressing sustainable tourism development. Locals and the community are the ones who suffer the most from tourism’s negative influences. It is important that the government ensures that environmental degradation is avoided, and the impacts it has on the community, are minimized (Ruhanen, 2012). Unfortunately, governments sometimes only represent the interest of certain stakeholders to achieve self-serving outcomes and do ignore the interests of the community. The goal for governments at all levels is to grow tourism as a means of economic development and growth. The government policies pursued are most suited to the interest of the economy and the commercial sector of the tourism industry. As a result, governments talk “green” but in practice they give priority to economic growth over environmental protection (Ruhanen,
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