4.0 The mix of Stakeholders involvements in the development of Tourism in Ghana Stakeholders are very important in the development of tourism in the country. The stake holders of Ghana tourism include Ghana Tourism Authority, Government, Ministry of Tourism, Traditional rulers, Ministries, Departments and Agencies, Ghana Investment Promotions center (GIPC) etc. these stakeholders has various functions and performs different roles to help in the development of tourism in the country. It is known that Government and the locals are the important stakeholders in tourism developments and sustainability in a country (William and Lawson, 2001). Freeman (2010) stated that an organization can be characterized by its relationship with the organization
Introduction In global economy Africa remains marginalized and under-developed economies face serious challenges in obtaining sustainable and diversified development through strategies that focus on foreign and domestic market. Trade is viewed by many as being important for poverty reduction in developing countries and international trade assist in sustained economic growth, contribute to the development of capacities and support the expansion of employment opportunities. In this essay Zambia will be used as a case study to explain how theories of International trade influenced policy in Africa and what the implications on African development are. The first part of the essay will cover the Background on Theories of International trade looking
International trade may have advantages or positive impacts on Namibia such as large-scale production (Nations of the world can dispose of goods which they have in surplus in the international markets) and have optimal use of natural resources. Aim This is research based on international trade. The purpose of the research is to empower or in light entrepreneurs on the effects of international trade. This will analyse some of the factors that have influences on international trade. Hence, it will be addressing and evaluating a local company of my choice.
However, tourism was the sector seen as an alternative to enhance the economic development of the countries. (Payne & Sutton, 2001). It is beyond any doubts that the situation is similar in the Dominican Republic where tourism provided unemployed native people with a lot of jobs, helping in this way the country to lessen the aggressive poverty. Faced with the tourism continuous development and redirection of scopes and strategies, the Dominican Republic experienced some both important and tragic changes. As a result, the island had to accept new landscape changes as the greater number of foreign visitors required new accommodation, transportation and amenities systems in order to meet their special demands (Butler & Carlsen, 2011: 1).
Social Benefits: Tourism uplifts the true identity of a place or a country by showcasing distinct characteristics of their ways of life, arts, history and culture and also by preservation the customs and tradition which may be at risk. Environmental benefits: Tourism provides financial support for the conservation of ecosystems and natural resource management, making the destination more authentic and desirable to tourist and also it adds more value to the local tourism. Economic Benefits: Tourism provides job opportunity to the community, such as tour guide or hotel housekeeping, travel agent, etc. Indirect Employment is generated through other industries such as agriculture, food production and retail. Tourism also helps in alleviation of poverty in mostly developing countries where tourism is the main source of income.
This is proven by people losing time, money and labor due to diseases, results of slavery from the Triangular Trade method and the unendurable economy created by colonizers. Not only did these negative impacts affect the countries at that time, but some have also affected the way their country is developing in the modern world. However, as always, there are two sides to a story. Alike many of the situations we face on a daily basis, colonialism has left both positive and negative effects on the world and has surely shaped it to become what it has become today. Without the impacts caused, how different would our lives be compared to what it is like
Africa is largely known for its resourcefulness on raw materials that places it in a state of great potentiality for development. However, numerous studies have shown that the cultural perspectives of personal development through less constraining processes have remained the major issue that hinder the region from developing (Ejimabo (2013). In most of the African countries, political leaders have development a tendency of self-dependence when dealing with the matter of sharing of national economic resources. Political seats are highly fought for, as people aspire to benefit personally from the public properties. Poor leadership decisions are largely the main issue to base the blame on, a detrimental fact that has resulted to massive poverty
The negative one in the less developed countries has always been most intense as compared to developing or other developed countries. Africans’ public officials and individual criticisms against the policies of international corporations have been vocal and loud on the negative drawback of their economic well being and the development of Africa, said Giplin (1987) . According to Akor (2001), notwithstanding of the ‘Nigerian Indigenization Policy ’ in the 1970s, the activities of the MNCs in Nigeria have maintained and intensified the contradictions of underdevelopment in many ways . Thus Onimode (1982) carried out empirical analysis to show the impact of MNCs on the Nigerian economy. Firstly is the profit repatriation.
They are important for the competition they stimulate and ideas, products and services they bring to the market place. The tourism and hospitality industry is a complex industry with distinct field of activity. This sector is a component of economic and social life, which offers multiple entrepreneurial opportunities for small business development. This is a capital intensive and highly competitive field of activity. Entrepreneurships in this industry mainly focus on economic development of tourist areas, aim to create new sustainable businesses by increasing the capacity and willingness of enterprises to organize the business and manage risks.
Municipalities have the national mandate to promote tourism development within their areas with an aim of bringing a positive social change, for example, job creation and infrastructural development. This notion of development is also advocated by the White Paper on Environmental Management (DEAT 1997), which sees development as the process of improving human well-being through a reallocation of resources that involves some modification of environment. Therefore the Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality has the mandate to promote tourism development by using the assets that fall under its jurisdiction. Tourism continues to be a growing part of the economy and is currently the largest exporter and has surpassed gold as a foreign exchange