Ford’s monopoly of the automotive industry was unfortunately, not an isolated account of the disproportion of wealth preceding the depression. Fascism and a dominant military presence was yet another aftereffect of the Great Depression. Such a response was observed on a global scale post the onset of the depression. However, it is paramount, if one to discuss the fascism and militarisms of the Great Depression, to touch upon the social atrocities and genocide of the Nazi party in Germany. In Germany, Adolph Hitler and his Nazis promised German citizens restoration of the nations’ economic infrastructure and to strengthen the German military. After Hitler gained a position of power in 1932, he promptly banned the formation of labor unions. This action allowed the Nazi party to reorient the country’s industry into a series of syndicates supporting only the Nazi interests. Germany’s resources were massively invested in their military which lead to overwhelming unemployment and a stark decline in an already periled economy. Hitler’s revamped army/military became nothing more than a congregation of terrorists and
The Nazi used the Great Depression as the boost to gain support from the Germans. Due to America’s depression, Germany was put into a dire state as unemployment increased, thus resulted in the Nazi gaining votes during the 1933 election. The depression caused desperation within the people that made them feel that the Weimar Republic could not look after them or the country’s financial problems. Hitler made promises to get rid of the unemployment rate, thus gaining the support of the public. Although the Great Depression was a key factor to Hitler’s rise to power but there were other causes: the German’s were looking for a saviour and Hitler happened to be that person; Hitler also played on the German’s fear factor of Communism and Communist which led him to get votes from the middle to higher class citizens by the burning of the Reichstag. By Hindenburg and Von Papen giving Hitler the role of Chancellor – thinking that Hitler can be easily manipulate. Furthermore, without the Great Depression and its world-wide economic crisis, the Nazi party would have remained a small political group without much of a say in the government like it had been from 1924 – 1928. During this period, Germany was slowly but surely recovering from the hyperinflation period. The Nazi fed off this Depression a gain a foothold in the
The average German worker had supported Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party because both Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party had appealed to what the average German workers had wanted. After World War I, Germany had experienced a hyperinflation as a result of all the war reparations. The entire German population had become crazed as they were trying to make money in order to purchase food and other basic necessities. The middle class, or the average Germans, had lost their entire life savings as the value of the German mark had decreased to the point that it was literally nothing. The German mark had become just worthless paper. “They had to sell their most precious belongings for ten [million] inflated marks to buy a bit of food or an absolutely necessary coat…”(Document
Throughout the entirety of the world’s history, civil disobedience can be viewed in many forms and styles. During the 1920’s leading to the Second Great War, which is also known as World War II, one country stood out above the rest in terms of doing what’s best for the nation. I adamantly believe Wilde’s claims of civil disobedience as a valuable human trait to be true.
The outbreak of World War I occurred on June 28, 1914 where the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian throne, was assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, a young serbian nationalist. This assassination caused Austria to immediately break relations with Serbia. Meanwhile Russia let the Austrians know that they were backing the Serbs, this then occurred throughout many other countries, and alliances formed starting World War I. 41 million casualties later and the Allies, consisting of the U.S, Britain, and France, were victorious leaving Germany and Austria-Hungary punished severely for this inhuman calamity. Overall the number of casualties and the punishment of Germany in World War I created political, social, and economical
In 1932 an artist named Mjolnir created a poster which was used in the presidential elections in Germany. The poster is known as “Our Last Hope:Hitler.” During this time period Germany was suffering through a great depression. By 1933 around six million Germans were out of work which devastated the German society. (1) “Germany appeared to be on the brink of civil war. The young Weimar Republic was wracked by armed street fighting waged mainly between Communists and Nazis. Foreclosures, bankruptcies, suicides and malnourished all skyrocketed. Six million Germans, 40 per cent of the working population, were unemployed; and thousands found themselves without a place to live….” (2) The Bruning government failed to respond to the German population
Identity and social norms during the Weimar Republic had changed a lot since the start of the war. These changes were extremely necessary because of the post-war turmoil. Regardless of the negatives of the Weimar Republic, it gave people new perspectives. Paul Bookbinder agreed in his point that, “the fourteen years of the Weimar Republic were a weigh station on the road to genocide, and yet they also witnessed the struggle of many decent, sincere people to create a just and humane society in a time of great artistic creativity.” There was a significant amount of political disagreement and negative reactions from the people but that could be argued about any modern form of democratic government today. Democracy is shaped around the inclusion of every individual’s personal opinion under one leading power. It would be impossible for everyone under the Weimar Republic to agree on the same policies on all levels. The weigh station that was the Weimar Republic, which
The article, “Teens against Hitler”, by Lauren Tarshis explains the challenges that Ben Kamm, a partisan fighter, must go through while fighting off the Nazis. Ben, like the other millions of Jews, lived during one of the most devastating chapters of history, World War II. Ben and his family wanted to live freely without the Nazis. But Ben soon learned that he would become a partisan fighter and fight for the Jews. Ben survived the tragedies, but his family died the terrifying moments of the Holocaust. Even though Ben’s family did not survive the horrific regimes of Adolf Hitler, Ben showed an aments amount of courage through WWII.
On November 11th 1918(the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month), the First World War officially ended. So this day Allies (France, Britain and USA) had a great joy. However not all the nations had fall in gladness. On this day nations of Germany had to feel anger and frustration. Also they had agreed (Armistice) to stop fighting during the terms of peace were consulted. Germany signed the armistice on 11th of November in1918, which was the day that the First World War ended. At first Germany believed that the Treaty of Versailles was similar as Woodrow Wilson’s 14 points. Reason why they thought it would be similar is because his points were designed to end the war peacefully and to treat the Germany in a fair way. However
When discussing whether one agrees with the statement which has been proposed, we would be drawn to look towards not only the Great Depression’s influence towards Hitler’s rise, but a number of other factors. One in which would be seen to have a large impact would be the topic of
If you enjoy food like bread, then during Weimar Germany’s hyperinflation of 1922, you would have to pay roughly two-to-three billion marks for it (Trueman, 2010). Because of Germany taking all of the blame for WWI, they had to pay approximately thirty-three billion dollars in war reparations, leading to
This investigation will content to answer the question “To extent did the Weimar welfare state strengthen the regime during 1924-1929?”. Firstly a conservative view believes that the overstrained welfare state schemes that caused problems in the regime especially in the economy. Another alternative view highlights the benefits of the welfare state reforms of individual members of the society such as the youth, elderly and women. This investigation is conducted through a variety of sources ranging from academic texts, websites and quotes and statistics.
To be able to judge whether or not Weimar had overcome their immediate post-war problems by 1929 we have to first establish what those problems were. First of all the economy in Weimar Germany, after the First World War, was in poor shape. The harsh reparation demands and wartime loans were haunting Weimar, who was already impoverished by the war. The real income of Weimar was two thirds of what it had been before the war and the population’s income was less than three-quarters of what it had been . Instead of increasing taxes to pay for the loans and reparations the Weimar government decided to print money instead, this leading to hyperinflation. All of this meant that the social situation in Weimar wasn’t optimal either. Many wounded soldiers
After Hitler took a power in Germany, he managed to consolidate his power using his economy policy, gathered destitute Germans together, but also using the propaganda, increasing the support towards him. This increasing mass of supports towards him due to his policy that had increased the employment in a tremendous amount and the use of propaganda that had spread his belief and convinced Germans. However, despite these successful economic policy, the fund raised was purely concentrated on rearmament and still the autarky was not achieved, and his economy policy was just for the violation of Treaty of Versailles. Still, Hitler’s decisions in
In the late 1920’s, the Nazi party had little success but in 1933, Hitler and the Nazis came to power. Hitler was the leader of a small right-wing party with very extremist ideas. Within a couple of years this party was in control of Germany. The factors that caused Hitler’s success for the rise of Nazism has been studied ever since. Hitler’s organisation skills and personal traits helped to bring the Naizs into power. However, without the socio-economic problems that Germany encountered and the weakness of their political situation, Hitler would not have had the opportunity to come into power and destory democracy in 1933.