The tariff also increased living costs, limit exports and hurt investors as the high tariffs would make it harder for debtors to pay off loans, continuing to weaken banks. Overproduction and a faulty banking system were two of many factors that led to the Great Depression. The Smoot-Hawley Tariff also served to deteriorate conditions. Although several would argue about the causes of the Great Depression, one thing is for sure: this economic crisis was the most important economic depression of the twentieth century, which was accompanied by significant deflation and an explosion of unemployment and pushed the authorities to a deep reform of the financial
Farmers being the backbone to the American agriculture and having it fail because of companies, shows just how deep of a hole the Stock market had fallen in. Small farmers could not compete with the new economic climate and were driven out of business. Advances in technology increased production but also caused overproduction of food;however, food demand did not rise with the increased production. With this all adding up, increased food production and farmers without jobs, it only added to the unemployment of the time. (Wall Street Crash of
The Great Depression started as a Recession, but with policy mistakes by the federal government with the Federal Reserve caused money supply to shrink which made the Recession worse, causing the Economy to drop even further which lead to the depression. Banks failures in the 1930’s caused over 9,000 to close, and surviving banks were less willing to grant loans because they were more concerned about their own survival. Reduction of buying materials all around the country which caused less products being built which lead to a shrink of the work force across the USA. The American Economic policy for Europe lead to much less trade between the USA and Other Foreign Countries. Drought in the Mississippi Valley made it extremely hard for Farmers to pay bills and taxes which lead to the Farmers selling their lands and Farms for little to no profits for themselves.
A major cause of the depression was that the pay of employees did not increase. Because of this, people couldn't afford manufactured goods. While the factories were still making the goods, Americans could not afford the goods and the factories made no money. Farmers weren't doing so well because they were growing more crops and farm products than could be sold at high prices. The uneven distribution of wealth that took place throughout the 1920s grew substantially during the Great Depression and the 1930s.
After the first war Britain switched their money over to the “Gold Exchange”, which did not help them economically. While making this switch, they also overvalued the pound at 1-4.86 (U.S. dollar). The U.S. in turn reduces its interest (5). Jumping past the roaring 20s, the “depression” hits and the government sets up many different policies, which exacerbate the downfall. Tariffs and wage standards are inflicted and the unemployment rate continues to soar.
The critical problems in the late 1920’s, threatening american economy was the older industries such as textiles, steel, and railroads, which were basic to the fundamental well-being of the economy, were barely profitable. Crop prices dropped, americans thought the nation would continue to prosper under Republican leadership. The bottom fell out of the market and the nation's confidence, and half of the banks failed. The causes of the stock market crashed and the Great Depression made the collapse of the economy occur more quickly and the depression worse than it could have been. Many were out of a job, and others experienced pay cuts and reduced hours.
The 1930s was a time of advancement in America, but it wasn’t necessarily a good time. One of the events of this time was the Dust Bowl. Throughout the mid-1930s, there was a drought in the Midwest, causing many farmers to lose their jobs, leave the Great Plains, and head west towards California (Gregory). Another devastating part of the 1930s was the Great Depression, which affected the whole nation. Many people were out of jobs, and some people, such as Henry Ford, believed that the best way to take care of this was through “self-help” (Dudley).
With so many people living on welfare programs, jobs are not receiving workers, there are more homeless people, and a ridiculous amount of federal money in place to support these programs. The most serious of the many effects of unemployment is the effect on the economy. “Higher unemployment will cause a fall in tax revenue because there is less people paying income tax. Also the government will have to spend more on unemployment and related benefits” (Pettinger). With a fall in tax revenue, the nation’s income as a whole is reduced, which decreases the amount of money in circulation, increasing the United State’s federal debt.
At the same time, the problem of unemployment also existed. Actually, unemployment remained high in the twenties. Although the government had policies to take income tax in order to balance the income between the rich and the poor, the actual income of the big companies were much more than what they pay for tax. The effort made by government did not help workers effectively. After the Great Depression, the New Deal programs benefited people who suffered from inequality a lot.
1) The Panic of 1873 was caused due to inflation from the Civil War, over investing, government subsidies and property loss. Many companies produced too much product and then couldn’t sell them. In 1893, the priced of wheat rapidly declined and once again, there overproduction and Europe pulled out much of its investments. Also, many countries had started using the gold standard and the united states was split by the farmers supporting silver and wealthy supporting gold. Both panics showed the dangers of gaps between social classes.
The Great Depression was a period of severe economic recession that flogged the American people. It was primarily caused by the overproduction of goods and the massive unequal distribution of wealth. America during the years leading up to the depression had an abundance of production coming off the recent World War, but since wages hadn’t increased, no one was able to buy the products. Also, by 1927, nearly forty percent of all the nations wealth was controlled by the top five percent, and this caused an extremely unstable economy. Similarly, the failure of the Hawley-Smoot Tariff and the closing of banks were both minor causes of the Great Depression.
When the 1930’s came around, there was little to no steady work to be found due to the poor economy. Families moved from town to town in hopes to find a good job, but that was very hard to do because most people could not afford to pay others, forcing some small businesses to close down. When work was found, it would be hard to keep that job for long because they would run out of money and close down, or someone would bargain to work at a lower cost. “The miserable failures of capitalist economies in the Great Depression were the root causes of worldwide social and political disasters.” (James Tobin). As the economy went down, people went to the banks for loans and to withdraw money, but the banks were unable to assist them.
Little did anyone know, everything they did was gradually setting the country up for economic demise. Factories were producing more than people could purchase, therefore losing many materials and money. Plus the government was giving out loans that people couldn’t pay back, which gradually brought debt throughout the country. Political wrong-doings, unhealthily high productivity rates, unequal distribution of America’s assets; these were all things that seemed good at the time, but proved to be more bad than good as it led America into its darkest time: The great Depression. At the time of The Great Depression, the US president was Herbert Hoover.
Since this causes a high unemployment rate many of the people will get on a government welfare program to pay for their family and that is even more money being lost in the economy, making the nation fall into a deeper recession. In addition, the economy will not do so great in the near future if the government does not clean up its act and fix the problems that are going on; such as the national debt and how it can be causing a recession in the United States. With the contributing factors of how the taxes should be taken care of, certain healthcare programs draining the little money the government has to offer, government welfare programs not being more supervised by not allowing people to take advantage of it, and lastly not allowing the government to borrow so much money from foreign countries to make our debt rise to the
The Great Depression was caused for many reasons. The first reason the Great Depression occurred was because of the financial crisis because countries could not pay their war debts or reparations. The second reason was the stock market crash in the US which cut off some of the money to Europe. The last reason for the depression was the massive loss of life during the war caused a huge decline in the number of producers and consumers stimulating the economy. It was so severe because the depression caused the failure of most banks in both the United States and Europe and the smaller number of consumers to buy items made it worse also.