Ecotourism Case Study

906 Words4 Pages
ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND ECOTOURISM FOR SUSTAINABLE LIFE: META-ANALYSIS STUDY

Dian Aswita12
1Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Serambi Mekkah University, Aceh, Indonesia
2Yogyakarta State University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Email: aswita_dian@yahoo.com

Abstract
Ecotourism has five criteria those are nature conservation, low impact environment, sustainability, community involvement, and environmental education. Ecotourism is called ecological tourism that is an activity that utilizes natural resources in the form of attracted which aims at educating, researching and preservation of the environment and aims to improving the local economy. This study discusses about the results of research related to ecotourism and environmental
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Jaini, Anuar and Daim (2012: 175), mention that ecotourism can be defined as a concept that focuses on conservation, preservation, social, and economic benefits. The goal of ecotourism is to provide a sustainable tourism where tourists enjoy their visit without causing a negative impact on the site, while communities are getting benefit from the tourism industry. Similar to what was stated by Su, Wall and Ma (2014: 1190), the development of ecotourism are closely related to the sustainability of the protected natural area. When it is facilitated by appropriate management, ecotourism can contribute to conservation and development, and welfare of local communities. Thus, ecotourism can be interpreted also as tourist activities that reckon ecological values in order to improve the welfare of the people around tourist sites.
The most important criteria of ecotourism is the existence of conservation activities among the tourist activities, involve communities and can providing benefits and sustainability. It is also described in the book of UNEP (2013: 276), which states that ecotourism used to define forms of tourism which has the following characteristics:
1. All forms of nature tourism which the primary motivation of the tourists is the observation and appreciation of nature and traditional culture
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Thus, the term ecotourism can be well explained by the following five criteria, namely nature conservation, low impact environment, sustainability, community involvement, and environmental education. Environmental education must be fulfilled for the implementation of ecotourism and a step in the process of understanding the ecosystem. The purpose of environmental education is to teach and educate the public about the natural environment and ecosystems in order to live sustainability (Bhuiyan, Chamhuri, and Rabiul, 2010: 43). Environmental education is a continuous and multi-sector process, as well as a tool to stimulate reflection, discussion and decision on issues and problem environmental (IIEP, 2006:
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