In the book Heresies and How to Avoid Them by Ben Quash and Michael Ward, several chapters are dedicated to the heresies revolving around who and what Jesus is not. Arianism, docetism, nestorianism, and eutychianism are four heresies explore the divinity and humanity of Jesus Christ. I will argue these four heresies had an overarching theme of causing the church to struggle with the idea of God’s intimacy and how Jesus delivered us from our sin. I will do this by exploring the unique nature of Jesus Christ. Arianism is named after Arius, a man who believed Jesus was created, instead of eternal like God the Father.
Christians follow the teachings in the Holy Bible which is made up of two parts, the Old and New Testament. The major difference between Judaism and Christianity is Jews don’t believe the Jesus is the messiah and is the son of God (John 3:16). Judaism only uses the Old Testament. Christians believe that Jesus is the only way to Heaven because He died on the cross for our sins and made a gateway to Heaven (John 14:6). The roman religion is tremendous difference compared to Christianity.
And last, he states that there is a perseverance of saints, therefore all who are saved are saved for eternity. Calvin expressed these ideas in the Institutes of the Christian Religion. This work of his was received with both criticism and intrigue. Calvin’s ideas were very radical, but he sought to back each of them up with what he believed was the ultimate authority of the Scripture. Calvin combats the idea that the church gives Scripture its authority because he believes that the Bible offers “as clear evidence of its truth, as white and black things do of their color, or sweet and bitter things of their taste” (31).
The Lord’s Supper In Calvin’s theology, the Lord’s Supper is a visible sign of the union with Christ that comes through the Spirit. Even as baptism is the outward sign of the remission of sins, so the Lord’s Supper is the outward sign of union with Christ. The actual union with Christ comes through faith by the work of the Holy Spirit, not through some mystical transformation of the elements of the Lord’s Supper. Just as the blood of Christ washes away sins in baptism, so the Holy Spirit makes a union between Christ and the believer in the Eucharist. This union is spiritual and not physical.
Augustine refutes Caelestius’ ideas by using Scripture to show that we are righteous only by the grace of God through Jesus Christ. He showed that Caelestius is unable to explain many texts that speak of the sinfulness of all humans. Caelestius challenges the idea that the fall resulted in our nature being corrupted so that it is unable to do
Christians believe Jesus is a divine embodiment of God walking on Earth, but they also believe he is the Son of God. In the Bible, it states: “And there are varieties of ministries and the same Lord. And there are varieties of effects but the same God who works all things in all persons.” (1 Cor. 23:4-6) Christians construe this statement from their Holy book, as evidence that there are three distinct Persons- Father, Son and Holy Spirit and yet it is one of the greatest misconceptions that significantly differentiates Islam and Christianity as separate religions. Secondly, Christians believe in the violent and barbarous crucifixion of Jesus, that resulted in being rose from the dead three days later.
We can say that Doctor Faustus is also a Christian play, because it deals with themes of Christianity during the play. First there is idea of sin, which Christianity considers something that is against the will of God. According to Christianity, Doctor Faustus’s sin is the act of making pact with Lucifer, by disobeying God and making pact with the devil. In Christian religion even the worst sin can be forgiven through the power of Christ, who according to Christian belief he is God’s son. After Doctor Faustus’s sin where he makes pact with Lucifer, he still has opportunity for redemption, all that he needs to do is to ask God for forgiveness.
The coming of Christ had a purpose, namely to serve the Lord and carry on his work. Similarly, we get the prophecy of Christ works as a priest (Psalms 110:4; Hebrew 5:6,10). Similarly, the Messianic Psalms included a prediction of the rejection of Christ. Christ was rejected by the Jews just as it was written in Psalms 118:22-23; Matthew 21:42; Mk. 12:10-11: “The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner”.
In 2:3 the author regards himself as one whose knowledge of Christ was secondhand. By contrast Paul vehemently declares that his apostleship and message were directly from Jesus Christ (Gal.1:1 &12) Other worthy suggestions include Luke , Barnabas Silas and
There is a twisted reflection of God because of the fall, but still we reflect God. “Made in God’s image”. We are all the offspring of God We think - God thinks, we have Emotion-God has emotion, we can discern right and Wrong-God can. 4. Ontological Argument (Anselm of Canterbury proposed this argument and later Rene Descartes deployed a similar argument) Idea of God - Everyone has an idea of God.
If you were told that the most accurate interpretation of the incarnation of Jesus Christ was that He took on a human body and soul, and then replaced the sinful, human mind with a divine and pure one, would you agree with that theory? If you agree, and you are a Christian, then you would now be considered a heretic; this belief is what is called Apollinarianism, which was founded by Apollinarius. Apollinarius was a bishop of Laodoecia in Syria during the fourth century. He was a great defender against Arianism—which was the belief that Jesus was all human and not divine—and, he was well respected in the Orthodox Church. It was not until the First Council at Constantinople in 381 that his interpretation of the incarnation of Christ
This is the point when they put forward the Creed of the Church but Constantine also added the homoousios, which was to affirm that God the Son and God the Father are of one substance. This certainly didn’t sit well with Arius. The issues Arius had, and which was the cause of the Arian controversy was how to understand the meaning of the Trinity. His belief that the Son cannot be the same as the Father as in substance or be as one did not sit comfortable with him, and for this others would call what he was describing heresy.
By speaking instead for God Himself when Edwards declares, “Men’s hands cannot be strong when God rises up”, a superstitious audience is left petrified with distress. Given the strength of religious values at the time of the speech’s deliverance, the idea of an inescapable wrath brought upon by sin would undoubtedly draw the colonies away from worldly matters, and instead towards the olden values which the colonies had been founded upon. As mentioned previously, Edwards possessed a remarkable reputation as a minister and orator at the time of the deliverance of Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God. Through the establishment of credibility through ethos, Edwards allows his reputation to support his argument and convey validity to his audience. With these
The primary causes of the schism were disputes over papal authority, where the Roman pope claimed he held authority over the four eastern patriarchs, whereas the four Eastern patriarchs claimed that the primacy of the Patriarch of Rome was only honorary, therefore only having authority over the Western churches (Great Schism, 2008). The recognized break came when the Patriarch of Constantinople was Michael Cerularius, and St. Leo was the Pope in Rome. In the year 1053, Cerularius dispersed a treatise condemning in strong terms the practices of the Western church. He said the fact that Catholics did not allow their clergy to marry was contrary to scripture and tradition (The Great Schism, 2003). The other crucial cause was the Pope’s introduction of the filioque clause into the Nicene Creed.