Considered the father of modern science, Galileo made major contributions to the fields of physics, astronomy, cosmology, mathematics and philosophy. Curious with the world and stars around him, he designed an improved telescope which allowed him to view the moons surface, and as far as the rings of Saturn. In the 16th and 17th century, that is quite a feat. Also, Galileo had great contributions to the beginning phases of laws of motion. Having done many experiments of the rate in which objects fell, helping him develop the concept of inertia.
Over time, Galileo recorded information based of his observations of the moon and other celestial bodies. Eventually, Galileo was able to come down to the conclusion that the sun was located at the center of the universe and reinstate Copernicus’ Heliocentric theory. Galileo finally published his findings about the heliocentric theory because he disregarded how the church would react. As a result, his publication was banned by Pope Urban VIII because it once again went against what the church believed. The Catholic Church reacted in a pessimistic manner because they saw Galileo’s publication as an insult after supporting him in the past.
Later on he presented his findings to the Royal Society, where Astronomer Royal Nevil Maskelyne revealed that it actually had a planet like orbit, and did not seem to possess a tail like a comet would. It was the first new planet to be discovered by scientists. When it finally came time to name the planet, Herschel suggested naming the planet after his patron, King George III, in which it would have translated to Georgium Sidus, or George’s Star. Outside the limits of England, most people did not appreciate that suggestion. Other names suggested included his own last name, and ironically the name Neptune.
Kepler’s theory was that he thought that the universe was heliocentric but he believed that the planets traveled in ellipses. It turns out that Nicolaus Copernicus’s theory was true. When the church heard about this they were not happy. It challenged the medieval way of thinking because It was the first time the church has ever been questioned. The effects of the scientific revolution were The Renaissance, the Age Of Exploration, The Printing Press, and The Reformation.
The people of medieval Europe also believed each sphere has its own solar system with stars, planets, and sun, and they all orbit around Earth. It wasn’t until Copernicus in the sixteenth century that the idea of the earth revolving around the sun was considered and it wasn’t until the eighteenth century that people started to think that the universe was “infinite in time and space.”( pg.2) According to Christian the modern temporal scales are as intimidating
Habitable planets are scarce but one will be filled with hope as it will become a home for the human race for millenniums to come; for now it seems Proxima b will have that honor. One of the most historic tools for space-bound research, the telescope is making astronomical bounds in assistance of astronomy research. The Hubble telescope is without a doubt the most influential telescope of all time. While not being the most powerful piece of equipment engineering has to offer, it has played the largest role of any telescope.“The Hubble Space Telescope is not the most prolific exoplanet hunter at astronomers ' disposal, but it has made unique and significant contributions to the discovery and study of dozens of far-off worlds. Its sharp vision has detected the farthest planets found so far.
Because of my interest in Astronomy, I have picked "Astronomy: Discovery of Uranus by William Herschel in 1781". It was very educational for me to see, how the process of science worked in this particular case, and why it is so important for observations shared and discoveries to be replicated by others. I have based my observations on the work by Simon Schaffer, St. John 's College, Cambridge called "URANUS and the establishment of Herschel 's astronomy". Below is a breakdown of the assignment questions: What was the motivation that led to this discovery? William Herschel was only an amateur astronomer and at that time having a royal patronage was everything.
As I have said, a strong traditional claim is that the Scientific Revolution stands for a series of changes that stemmed from Copernicus ' bold claim that the earth moves. This claim clearly ran contrary to tradition, to the authority of the Ancients and to established views in the universities and most church officials. Copernicus claimed that the earth is not fixed and stationary in the center of the cosmos (geocentric and geostatic) but instead argued that it rotates on it 's axis each day and revolves around the sun each
Carl Sagan (1934-1996) was a leading scientist who took on a major role in science with his involvement in new research, media, and his taking to authorship. Sagan is credited as the most famous scientist of the 1970s and 1980s, with his notoriety deriving from his popularity in the scientific community for his research and gained fame with the general populace from his ability to bring astronomy to more people outside of the field. His accomplishments started after he finished his studies with a doctorate degree, where he helped to create an infrared radiometer in the Mariner 2 probe for NASA at the University of California, Berkeley. From then, his accomplishments continued with looking into theories of extraterrestrial life, where he even
At the time (1600 hundredths) the main astronomical theory was developed by Aristotle, and he believed that the Earth was the centre of the solar system, and that different objects with larger mass would fall at different rates. Galileo didn’t believe this, and as a result started to prove Aristotle’s theories wrong, and Copernicus’ right. DIFFICULTIES AND