In a recovery-focused mental health system, challenging pre-conceived notions that underpin these these calls for a widespread change in society’s understanding of Indigenous mental health, and the bridging of the gap that structural discrimination creates based on cultural identity. Addressing both social and economic barriers that exist for Aboriginal people that can be the result of stigma and discrimination is consequently a step towards social inclusion, which Closing the Gap (Department of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet, 2015; 2017) reports have consistently targeted as a key area by underlining the importance of higher education and employment rates of Aboriginal people. This can be considered first-order change, however, because the proposal to bridge these gaps and the action that will be taken to do so still occurs within the current disadvantaging system, and does not fully act on the ways current systems are inappropriately equipped to provide Aboriginal people with culturally-competent pathways to success. Adding to that, the aim of targeting education and employment outcomes is mainly to utilise the possible contribution that the Aboriginal workforce can provide for the Australian economy (Department of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet, 2015). It is important to note that throughout the years, as well, that in the reports
However, there is still hope. While the injustices of the Stolen generation, massacres and centuries of mistreatment against Indigenous Australians can never be erased, we can create future in which these atrocities never occur again. These atrocities emerge from ignorance and fear, so working to understand Indigenous culture must surely be the only path to removing the racism that plagues Australia. We have so must to learn from the rich cultural history of Indigenous Australians, particularly in their spiritual relationship with the land they have lived on for thousands of years. If we embrace this incredible knowledge, not only will we eliminate the barriers preventing equality in our society, we will also be stronger as a nation in both environmental and social relations. Ultimately, we have the potential to become an example to the world of the way a nation’s people can overcome their past mistakes and pave a future of cultural sharing for the benefit of all
Australia is known as a country of freedom and fairness, however many groups such as youth, the unemployed, aged, and ethnic groups tend to become marginalised because of their minority status. Certain groups are marginalised because they are perceived as being different or undeserving of equality in society. This is called stereotyping and it leads to prejudice and discrimination. This essay explores three marginalised groups and discusses some of the reasons why they are marginalised and the effects on those within these groups. Exclusion from areas such as employment and other services and opportunities that other Australian 's take for granted, is a result of the marginality of indigenous Australian 's, woman, and those with
The Ngunnawal People have been living within the borders and surrounding mountains of the Australian Capital Territory for over 25,000 years. The way the Indigenous people used the land to live off was extremely efficient and sustainable. They had a bounty of knowledge about the land surrounding them, and over generations, devised resourced management skills to ensure maintenance of the animals and plants, and most importantly, the land in which provided these things. Aboriginal culture existed long before Captain Cook arrived in Australia in 1770. He claimed the land to be "Terra-Nullius", meaning that the land did not belong to any person. This claim obviously seemed ludicrous and crazy to the Indigenous people whom already lived on the land.
The ‘Bringing Them Home Report’ was a significant event for the civil rights of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, as what they experienced between 1910 to 1970 was something no human being should have to go through, The Stolen Generations suffered a great deal of traumatic experiences. On 11 of May 1995 change, had to take place as this wasn’t a lifestyle a human being should live, the inquiry period began for The Bringing Them Home Report. It was a National Inquiry that looked into the separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children from their families. It was a complicated
Eddie Mabo was the man who initiated the land rights argument for indigenous people. He found out that where he was born and lived, at a place called Mer Island was not legally his or his peoples land. This news angered and upset Eddie Mabo and he began speaking out and telling people about his story. It was while Eddie Mabo was working as a gardener at James Cook University that he crossed paths with land rights advocates and some legal minds who would become influential in his later argument to have the indigenous right to land recognised by the courts. He received a great amount of support especially from fellow Indigenous people. In the early 1980s a lawyer suggested he take their challenge against the Queensland government on the issue of land ownership to the court of law. Eddie Mabo followed this advice and proceeded with taking his case to the courts.
I believe one of the most significant referendums in Australia that was carried, is the 1967 Referendum to include Aboriginal people within Section 51 and 127 of the Constitution. Prior to the 1st of January 1901, the Australian Constitution took effect and the Commonwealth of Australia was formed. Under the laws of the Australian Government, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples were not included as citizens. Instead they were treated as foreigners in their own land.On the 27th of May 1967, a Federal referendum was held to determine whether two references in the Australian Constitution, which discriminated against Aboriginal people, should be altered or entirely removed. At the time of the referendum, Harold Holt was the Prime Minister
It is important to understand the impacts of Aboriginal and Torres strait islander person’s experiences both young and old and work out ways of respecting and working with one another appropriately. Some workers may show a lack of trust to begin with at work, understanding the reasoning behind this is
Aboriginal Australian peoples have been placed in unfair situations that have resulted in disconnections from society due to bias in culture, racism and because of previous historical events such as colonisation that led to colonialism and horrible events such as The Stolen Generation. These events act like a scar to the Aboriginal Australian peoples and their culture, those previously mentioned historical events symbolises the cut, the immense pain that was caused in that moment is still a factor and the pain from it is still prevalent and is symbolised by the scar. The scar also represents the factors that still manage to affect the Aboriginal Australians today, such as racism and lack of quality and access to education, money and health care.. The Indigenous peoples are also affected by various other factors such as limited access to health care that may be of poor quality, such resources may also bring fear to the Indigenous peoples because practitioners are not always sensitive or respectful to
The history of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (ATSI) culture stretches many years ago from being the first custodians of land to the present. During these times, ATSI culture have endured a lot of disempowerment where they were segregated from many schools in NSW,
In the 1971 Gove land rights case, Justice Blackburn ruled that Australia was terra nullius prior European settlement. This judgement was challenged for a total of 3 years but all attempts failed. However, on the 20th May 1982, Eddie Koiki Mabo and 4 other Indigenous people began their legal claim for ownership of their traditional lands on the island of Mer in the Torres Strait. The case was later taken to supreme court and after ten years, the case was closed and the government granted the indigenous people of australia their rightful land. Before this, Eddie had been helping his community from a young age. Eddie became a spokesperson for the Torres Strait Islander community. He was involved with the trade union movement and the Aboriginal
The state of Queensland (1992) is of great important to the land rights movement. In 1982, Eddie Koiki Mabo and a group of others took the government to court, as they wanted a legal recognition of the land because their ancestors and families had lived there. The Mabo case has a spiritual significance, as in the court Mabo and his fellow plaintiffs repeatedly quoted stories and morals related with Mambo’s ancestral deity and they explained how the land is related to their ancestors and has a significant importance. Father Dave Passi, another plaintiff in the case said “It is my father’s land, my grandfather’s land. I am related to it, it gave me my identity. If I don’t fight for it, then I will be moved out and I will be the loss of my identity.” Mabo stated that “terra nullius” had never legally existed and that it had been wrongfully applied to Australia. Although, the lost the case, the Mabo case was taken up to high court and as a result eighteenth months later, in response to the Mabo decision Federal Parliament passed the Native Title Act (1933). One of the High Court judges involved in the Mabo case, Justice Brennan, described native title as; “Indigenous inhabitants' interests and rights in land, whether communal groups or individuals, under their traditional laws and customs”. Thus, the Native title act was established as a result of the Mabo
Gordon Bennett’s “Eddie Mabo” is a portrait of Koiki (Eddie) Mabo, a Torres Strait Islander responsible for initiating a legal case for native rights against the State of Queensland in 1982. In 1992, Mabo’s case was approved, and it was decided that the Mer people (from Murray Island) were the traditional owners of the land, four months after Mabo died of cancer.
The Mabo decision was a legal case held in Australia 1992, which left a significant effect on Indigenous Australians lives. Eddie Mabo’s case was the first step to Indigenous people gaining all land rights and gave a feeling of reinstate from the home land that was once lost. Known as the ‘Mabo & others v Queensland case (No.2)’. The Mabo decision was the apex of a legal battle started ten years earlier by a group of Indigenous Australians from the Torres Strait Islands of Mer to reattain their long-established ownership of the Murray Islands. The Mabo decision was named after Eddie Mabo, the man who challenged Australia’s legal system and fought for recognition of the rights of Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders as traditional owners
Britain was the biggest colony power in the world. Even the fall of the First Empire did not discourage the British from further colonization of ‘’unknown lands’’. In 1770, Captain James Cook claimed a portion of the Australian continent in the name of King George III. On his journey from Botany Bay to Cape York, Cook recorded several interactions with the indigenous population of Australia. Despite knowing about the continent being inhabited by one of the Earth’s oldest civilizations, Great Britain considered Australia terra nullius - land belonging to no one. With that said, the British went through with the plan of establishing a penal colony in New South Wales and in 1788, the First Fleet led by Captain Arthur Phillip arrived in Sydney Cove. This essay will focus on the effects of racism towards the Aboriginal population of Australia in the past and today.