The conflict and consensus models reflect two opposite systems in criminal justice. In the conflict model, which works to protect individual rights, “justice is more of a product of conflicts among agencies where the component parts function primarily to serve their own interests”(Cronkhite, 2013, p. 202). Laws in this model reflect the beliefs of the interest groups with the most power and are “used primarily to control the behavior of the defective, dependent, and delinquent, the dangerous classes” (Hagan, 2009, p. 11). Many in this country see this is how the criminal justice systems are today.
In the article, Unwinding Mass Incarceration by Stefan Lobuglio and Anne Piehl, they argue that unwinding the mass incarceration “well neither be cheap nor easy, and to be done responsibly will require a new infrastructure of coordinated community-based facilities and services that can meet evidence-based incarceration needs while also ensuring public safety.” Hence, their argument is clean-cut with evidence in the article to back up their argument of unwinding the mass incarceration. Similarly, a solid fill of a concluding statement upon the unwinding of the mass incarceration as stated in the article, “requires much more than stopping current practices or reversing course by mass commutations and early release programs.”
Being just in the American criminal justice system is a topic that is highly debated. Some believe the system is just, while others believe it is a flawed. The truth however, is that humans are not always right. God is the only who can practice justice in complete perfection, because humans are not perfect. Although many people in the American criminal justice system have good intentions, sadly that does not necessarily mean they are always just. The American criminal justice system tries to be truly just and has been before, but humans are not perfect and cannot always be truly just.
The problem does not seem to be slowing down either. Congress continually passes new criminal offenses. The same conduct passes through the floor on a regular basis, but comes out with more guidelines on the previous laws. From 2000 to 2007. Congress enacted 452 new criminal offenses. That’s a new offense every week. There is no way that all of those offenses enacted, did not umbrella another. Congress probably means well, at least I like to think that. At what point do they realize that they are making countless vague or broad law?
Today we live in a society where people are taught that it is acceptable to revoke the born given right of voting. People should be allowed to vote under any circumstances no matter what they have done in the past, this includes felons and ex felons. Assume an american man was convicted of a common assault charge at the age of eighteen and convicted of a felony. Twenty years later the same man is still not allowed to vote because of his ignorance in the past. There is not a person in this world who would like to be defined by their past in such a way. There are many reasons as to why felons and ex felons should be allowed to vote. 5.85 million people that are not able to vote due to disenfranchisement laws in america. The reasons ex felons
In addition to spending time behind bars, the life that is automatically created for for a prisoner once you leave is set the day the prisoner enter prison. The life of being a prisoner comes with hardships and the freedoms you may never obtain again. “Life after Prison” written by Jamie Chamberlain introduced the point on how studies show that prisoners usually end right back in jail due to the fact there is nothing for them to participate in after prison such as employment opportunities . This will repeat a never ending cycle for many African American prisoners that leads to self destruction and constant poverty. Government assistance is limited to prisoners when helping them back on their feet. Systematic oppression is inside and outside
The biggest issue within the Criminal Justice system is the large number of wrongful convictions, innocent people sentenced to die for crimes they did not commit. People are put in prison for years, even executed for false convictions. This affects not only those put in prison but friends and family of the accused. Wrongful convictions aren’t solely a tragedy for those directly involved either. It weakens the faith the public has for the justice system as well as poses safety issues; when innocent people are put away, the real criminals are still out there. Luckily, it is known what causes wrongful convictions and how to fix them.
Edmund Burke believes that Natural rights and government are separate in their own respects, and government is not created in spite of natural rights. This is to say that the government is not responsible for the natural rights of its citizens and is very hard to distinguish from civil order. This opposes the revolutions ideology and the ideas of a constitution which state its government’s responsibility to govern the natural rights of its citizens and make sure all are treated fair. He also believes in the gradual reform of government and not the drastic changes of the revolution. He goes on to state that the
The Criminal justice system is a system that was made to control crime and make punishments to whoever break a law or rule.The beginning of the criminal justice system of the United States goes all the way back when the United States still belonged to the Great Britain.Americans were under Great Britain laws and rules and most of the laws were unfair.After the Revolutionary War and the United States became independent and they needed to create their own types of system to run their country. Today the criminal justice system functions upon the police,the courts, and the corrections, but back then in the beginning of criminal justice people didn’t have this type of structure.They shaped their structure using religion before laws and rules were established in the United States.Population started to increase and soon people had to make laws to uphold values of mortality because religion became less frequent.Due to this change more laws and violations were made.
Modern sentencing practices are outrageous and out of control. People go to prison for 162 years for stealing a car or 25 to life just for simply making a mistake of leaving their child in the car for no longer than 20 minutes without killing or harming the child. Even the innocent get sentenced major years for crimes they didn’t even commit. Lately sentencing has been crazy, so at this point in time sentence reforming is relevant in this case.
There are three components that make up the criminal justice system – the police, courts, and correctional facilities – they all work together in order to protect individuals and their rights as a citizen of society to live without the fear of becoming the victim of a crime. Crime, simply put is when a person violates criminal law; the criminal justice system is society’s way of implementing social control. When all three components of the criminal justice work together, it functions almost perfectly.
An important role is carried out by the criminal justice system in a democratic society. My philosophy and approach for balancing individual rights and public protection is that law enforcement authorities should restrict citizens’ liberties through force to compel obedience of law if those liberties cause harm to the society. Authorities maintain law and order by restricting freedoms of the citizens through force to constrain them to obey the law penalizing those who disobey the law. However, the citizens must be free to exercise the freedoms granted and guaranteed by the Constitution. Therefore, the law must give way to reasonable exercise of civil liberties when those freedoms do not cause harm to others.