In this article, “Childhood and Intergenerational Poverty: The Long-Term Consequences of Growing up Poor” written by Robert Wagmiller and Robert Adelman, states children from low income family faces more challenges and children living in poverty has an increases chance of being poor in adulthood. In the beginning of the article, they gave us an overview of evidence-based research of intergenerational poverty by studying both parent’s and children’s. The researches are inconclusive and differentiate by time frame. Using the PSID, Isaacs’ concluded that children income is greater than their parents. Isaacs explained that children who are poor will spend their childhood in poverty.
Many Hispanic students begin schooling without the proper resources that many other students receive, and schools are often not equipped to compensate for these initial problems. For Hispanics, initial disadvantages often come from parents ' immigrant status and their lack of knowledge about the U.S. education system. As Hispanic students go through the schooling system, the lack school resources and their weak relationships with their teachers continue to undermine their academic success. Initial disadvantages continue to add up, resulting in Hispanics having the lowest rates of high school and college degree achievement, which hinders their chances for stable employment. The situation of Hispanic educational attainment is cause for national concern.
The Development Bank of South Africa believed that around 2,5 million unemployed people in South Africa in 1991 and that figure had increased substantially since 1980 (M.C Potgieter, 1998). The people who reside in rural areas usually move to bigger cities where they can seek jobs that have to experience ordeals such as crime and violence (M.C Potgieter, 1998). An ultimately because there is a lack of employment the crime rate increases. Education Children who are malnourished and weak have a disadvantage at school. They could have lacked the necessary brain development at an early age (H. Swanepoel and F.D.
Surprisingly, 5.3 million of these children are living with unauthorized parents. And these children usually get a high school or college degree, but can’t get a job because of the scare of being deported. “ More than half the undocumented immigrant population has a high school diploma or higher.” Wrote Center for American Progress. V. Counterargument/Rebuttal Even though I think this action is a great idea and plan for our country some people would say otherwise. These people are under the impression that not all immigrants who are allowed to stay, still won’t be able to
Additionally, there is a multitude of factors that have been known to contribute to homelessness. These factors include, but are not limited to, lack of affordable housing, economic insecurity, behavioral health, etc. Research has found that the main contributing factors for children living in homeless families are the lack of affordable housing, poverty, and domestic violence (Aratani, 2009). Similarly, mental illness, substance abuse, and lack of affordable housing are the top contributing factors of homelessness among unaccompanied youth (Aratani, 2009). In addition to analyzing the factors that can cause homelessness, the article explores the impact that homelessness can have on youth.
Children in these homes grow up to be accustomed to domestic violence, child abuse, neglect, and out-of-wedlock births. These families are also at an economic disadvantage since they often cannot acquire higher paying jobs, either due to underprivileged public education, or because they must support their family around the house. This creates a cycle of poverty that is often too hard to overcome, so some people result to gangs and crime, in hopes of supporting themselves and their families. Once a person has chosen a life of gangs and crime, they may have to sustain a tough appearance to other gangs and criminals that live within their communities. Since the communities are subjugated by blacks or other people of color, the results are the large percentage of black-on-black crimes.
The alteration of the school schedule would also decrease productivity in students of all ages. It is exceedingly difficult for teenagers to focus for eight hours at a time, let alone ten. Dr. Iroise Dumontheil, author of research regarding the development of students, declared that it was not due to lack of motivation that students have trouble focusing in school. She stated, “it’s not the fault of teenagers that they can’t concentrate… Adolescents simply don’t have the same mental capacities as an adult” (A. Hill 2010). Accordingly, by asking students to remain in classes for an extra two hours a day, school systems are requesting more devotion from teenagers who cannot focus for lengthy periods of time due to their developing brains.
Without that money homelessness becomes a very real thing. “One of the consequences of youth homelessness is being forced to withdraw from school. In some cases, the contributing factors that led to a young person’s homelessness also had an impact on their school success. In other words, they were already at risk of dropping out. In other cases, school may not have been affected.
These students have families that they need to support with better jobs, and in order to achieve those better jobs, the older students need to go back to school to earn the degrees that the jobs require. It is much easier said than done however. These older students who are trying to integrate back to school so they can help their families are unable to receive the job they need since the charge of the school is out of their reach. It is even harder for parents of new graduates to pay for college. The prices of schools in states “have skyrocketed in the last five years” (Citation).
A child growing up in poverty is exposed to some of the lowest aspects of life. Poverty has many factors, it can lead to low self esteem due to children from poverty stricken homes who are quick to notice that other children dress better than they do and they can become embarrassed which can cause them to withdraw themselves from classes which creates a bad learning environment. Secondly, in most cases when poverty is in the home,
According to Anya Kamenetz in the article “Generation Debt,” young people of today are struggling with high debt due to high educational finances and this is preventing them to move on as responsible adults. College tuitions are too high to pay that young people fall into applying for student loans, and have significant credit card debt with high balances. Most students are using their credit cards to pay for their college expenses and student loans; even their paychecks are being used to pay for college. I agree that many young people held back in becoming a full adult which they are doing everything they can just to continue their education. Even if it means to continue living at home with parents just to make ends meets and not being able to step in the “fully adulthood.” In other words they, are prolonging their adulthood just to be able to go to college and be able to fully
Hispanics, initial drawbacks frequently come from their parents ' immigrant and economic position and their sparse knowledge regarding the United States education system. While Hispanic students navigate through the school system, insufficient resources in schools and their awkward rapport with teachers continues to weaken their academic achievement. Initial drawbacks continue to mount up, causing the Hispanic population in having the least high school and college degree accomplishment, which is counterproductive of having a possibility for stable employment. According to Portman & Awe (2009) school counselors and comprehensive school counseling programs are anticipated to play a dynamic role in addressing the discrepancy between diverse
In America there is a very real financial divide among the people. Financial stability starts with education, although a large portion of the American population cannot afford it. Depending on your parents economic standing you may or may not be able to afford college, among other things. College opens the door for many opportunities, including having the capacity to provide for your family. Various authors today are still writing about the ongoing issue of poverty and the ways to climb out of it.
This quote is explaining how kids that are going to school and coming from better households than their peers can affect how they feel about school. Kids that come from poor incomes homes don’t enjoy school because maybe they feel like they aren’t good enough for it which makes them not want to go and get into gangs or things they shouldn’t be in. In conclusion This goes back to my reasoning on saying that the strongest cause of minority male incarceration in the U.S is young dropouts because most of the kids , teens , etc that get killed nowadays aren’t educated and involved in
The children of the undocumented are often subjected to countless disadvantages throughout not only their social lives but their academic experiences also. In many cases, the parents of the children come with little to no education, leaving the student rather isolated in the experience(Racial Domination).Whether or not the child was born in the United States or also crossed over the academic disadvantages seem to follow the child through their lives. From early ages many of the children of the undocumented are forced to go to schools in which they do not receive the same level of education or opportunities as kids whose parents make more money(white kids). Because their parents are forced to live in the shadows many can not even have open conversations with their kids teachers for free of persecution. In recent reports there have even been elementary schools which have been raided by immigration or (ICE) in order to both deport the children and their parents.