Women are not discouraged to enroll in higher paying fields. They choose to graduate in English literature, Social Sciences, Communications, and Arts. These fields are relatively low paid fields than the sciences or commercial fields. Married women that have children temporary opt out of employment or dramatically reduce their number of working hours for childcare responsibilities. According to Andrew Biggs’s article published in the National Review in 2010, “women are also four times more likely to leave the workforce temporarily to care for children.
In the 1970s, the wage gap decreased because “women’s progress in education and workforce participation” (Miller, 2018). However currently there is still a wage gap: for every dollar a man makes a woman makes eighty cents for same job – on average. What is being seen recently is that intersectionality plays a vital role in the wage gap as well; not only are women being paid less than men, but some races of women are being paid less than others. It was discovered that “among full-time workers in 2016, Hispanic or Latina, black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native (AIAN), and Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander (NHPI) women had lower median annual earnings compared with non-Hispanic white and Asian women” (Miller, 2018). It was also revealed that Asian women have the smallest wage gap when compared to men and that Hispanic women have the largest wage gap when compared to men.
According to the table above that analyses the women enrollment percentage between 1985 and 2005, before 1990, the number of the male students was higher than the one of the female students, in all OECD countries. Women covered 46% of the number of total students enrolled in high education in 1982. In the same 18 countries that have data about this issue, 20 years later, in 2005, women were a majority in higher education enrollment in 16 of them (compared with only 5 in 1985). In 2005, the number have reversed, and women covered 55% of the total number of students enrolled in higher education, and men went down to 45% If the trend remains constant, 10 years from now for every men enrolled in higher education the proportion will be of 1.4
Once the British realized the detrimental effects of the slave trade a ubiquitous effort began on the behalf Africa. The three main directions that these efforts took were the establishment of colonies of freed slaves, the faltering of the slave trade, and finally the missionary endeavors in Africa. Booth states that all three of these resulted in the large participation of blacks in establishing Christianity in west Africa. One of the main arguments used to support the colonization was that Africans can best evangelize Africa. This claim was supported by the European’s difficulty in surviving from malaria, resulted in a place for blacks in the early days of missionaries in Africa.
The first team of this missionary was Dr. K.G. Pfander, Robert Clarke and Major Martin. This missionary had very close connection with British rulers and with high officials. In start it was mostly confined to high class people but later on it diverted to the depressed classes such as Chuhras in Punjab. In 1853, Sir Herbert Edward, the British Commissioner of Peshawar, established the Edward Mission High School in Rethi Bazzar near Chowk Yadgar Peshawar.
Across the UK, men earned 18.4% more than women, according to the Office for National Statistics (ONS).The gap between men and women 's earnings for both full and part-time work has fallen from 27.5% in 1997 to 18.4% in 2017. Reasons for the gender pay gap : 1. Men are proportionally more likely to work full-time than women. At younger ages (16 to 21) men’s jobs are split almost equally between full-time (51.2%) and part-time (49.8%) but, between the ages of 30 to 39 (91.3%) and 40 to 49 (91.3%) more than 90% of men’s jobs are full-time. Women however, are less likely to work full-time, with only 61.1% and 57.6% of women’s jobs being full-time for ages 30 to 39 and 40 to 49 respectively.
Though what’s more upsetting is the evident gender gap in this industry. In a recent study done by State of News Photography, they found that large media organisations were less likely to employ female photographers (7%) than their male equivalent (22%). However, those women lucky enough to be employed were assigned less work than their male colleagues and were most likely to do part-time work. Of the total amount of women who were included in the study, 82% claimed to be university educated compared to 69% of men. The women were also found to be more tech savvy, using video as well as multimedia platforms.
Last year, the gap reached 83 percent”(Leonhardt). The statement above proves that paying the expenses of college is worth it in the end. People with college degree make 40% more than people with a highschool diploma. People with a degree tend to succeed better in life after schools. ”Construction workers, police officers, plumbers, retail salespeople and secretaries, among others, make significantly more with a degree than without one.”(Leonhardt).
Doctor Tim Gopeesingh in the Daily Express. Again students from denominational schools made up approximately 65 percent of the students who scored in the top 200 in the SEA. In the 2015 government publication of Top 200 SEA Students 2015, over 60 percent of students once again came from denominational schools. It should be noted that these schools also has higher API scores than the government schools. This sort of comparison in itself is an insult to progressive educators where the media and society supports competitiveness as opposed to collaborative learning and by extension inequity.
while, overall population growth rate of Pakistan is 2.0%. It is said that with this Growth rate Pakistan will become the 4th largest NATION in 2050. Pakistan is known as the “YOUNG” country with the median age of 23 years. (Total). And has both female and male median age year of 23,Approximately 106 million People are below the age of 30 and Total working Population is 121.01 million and there is only 57% literacy Rate of Total populatin.In general it has been studied that where there is rapid population growth and high fertility rates, poverty incidences is also very high.