Education In Myanmar Essay

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School failure among children and adolescents has long been a serious issue in Myanmar. Although education is highly valued among Myanmar families, low enrolment, poor attendance, and high school dropout rates suggest poor quality education, bad school experiences and negative academic outcomes (Save the Children, 2017). According to a comprehensive education sector review, only one in five Myanmar youths completes high school (Becker, 2015). More than 75% of students fell below a basic Myanmar language proficiency, and 79% of students did not earn a pass score on Mathematics in Myanmar language and Mathematics learning achievement test according to a child-friendly school baseline study, comparing students countrywide (UNICEF, 2012).
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School principals and teachers care about school enrollment of students but fail to identify at-risk students and to work with their families (Bentzen, 1997). As a result, promoting parental involvement and community participation in children’s education in Myanmar falls behind the education system reform such as upgrading curriculum, teacher training and teaching methodology (Brooke & Patrick, 2013). Therefore, it is important to find ways to retain children and youth in school and promote their academic success through a sufficient balance of resources within individual, family, peer, school, and…show more content…
The country borders with China to the north, Laos to the east, Thailand to the east and south, and Bangladesh and India to the west. Myanmar is abundant in natural resources with arable land, forests, gems, metals, oil, natural gas, and marine resources. The major economic activity of the country is agriculture and farming which constitutes 36% of gross domestic product (GDP) and 60-70% of employment (ADB) (MIMU, 2016).
Myanmar is also one of the world’s most diverse nations that is composed of 135 different ethnic groups. Bamar is the largest group, and the country’s official language is Myanmar. Administratively, the country is divided into seven states, seven regions, and one union territory. The states are largely inhabited by national ethnic communities whereas the regions are largely populated by Bamar. The Map of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar is shown in Figure
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