John Dewey's Views On Democracy And Education

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Today, many educators argue that education should be democratic in order to function social relations and the growth of development of the individual. Nearly, hundred years ago John Dewey (1859 - 1952) argued for this in one of his well - known book titled “Democracy and Education” which was written in 1916. In this book one of his main argument was, that democracy is a necessary way of living together to protect individuality and maintain social harmony. According to John Dewey the aim of education is to formulate the young people to participate fully in the democratic society. This intention can be accomplished by cultivating certain skills like critical thinking, focusing on student needs, participating students in the democratic life and
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Most of the classrooms run on the principle that “learning is remembering” this view of learning does not prepare them for life. According to Wagner (2012) what we know matters far less than what we can do with what we know. For example, these days some people believe all the junk news that spread on social media without questioning about it. For example, at present severe disease is spreading across the country and social media has become the liveliest sources of spreading news accordingly, it is essential to teach critical thinking.
It is important for educators to understand that knowledge is not intelligence, that it is only a small part of the curriculum. It is the easiest part of the curriculum and their job of preparing students for life in the 21st century may be more complex than they realize. We need to build the capacity to innovate and instill the ability to solve problems creatively or bring new changes to life and we need to teach the skills like critical thinking, communication and collaboration are far more important than academic

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