For centuries, philosophers have attempted to piece together theories as to the purpose of schools and of education, in addition to how schools should be run, what should be taught, and how students and teachers should interact with each other. Each philosopher comes up with a slightly altered idea that comes from their own perspective of what society needs at the time that they were alive. Robert Hutchins, in 1952, wrote about his theory of the importance of liberal education. Around 40 years later, Alexander Neill wrote about his school, commonly referred to as the Free Schools, and his student-centered philosophy of education. Using the ideas of these philosophers, in addition to knowledge of the current society and time period, this essay
I will now discuss the goals and educational methods of Rousseau. Rousseau’s proposed method of education is rather unique and some may argue quite radical, but nonetheless this is what he believes to be the superior approach in raising the youth, and I must admit a number of his techniques do have some logic to them. Rousseau’s goal of this method is to provide a education that leaves the child happy in adult life, along with being able to live as a “natural” person in society, to live a life without prejudice and not conforming to views but determining them yourself. Beginning with infancy I will focus on two points which I believe to be the most significant. The first being guiding the child so they do not contract habits along with Rousseau’s method of handling crying and or screaming.
The Association of American Colleges and Universities simply defines liberal education as “an approach to learning that empowers individuals and prepares them to deal with complexity, diversity, and change.” Liberal education in American schools should be implemented mostly in grade school. As kids grow up and become closer to making career choices, professional education should be intertwined with liberal education to give our future leaders the best education possible and provide them with the most knowledge. Kids should be well equipped to deal with the diversity and complexity of life. Balance is the best way to ensure this. In this essay I discuss the importance of a liberal education and professional education.
This relates to his focus on humanism. Dewey discussed that children are more likely to gain something from education when it is related to them and when they are able to take part in their learning (Talebi, 2015). Dewey emphasized the important role that education has to help students become productive members of society. His works show that allowing the students to play an active role in the learning process, they are more likely to gain important social and collaborative skills. John Dewey’s philosophy of education is woven through many different approaches in schools.
Randi Weingarten once said, “A high-quality public education can build much-needed skills and knowledge. It can help children reach their God-given potential. It can stabilize communities and democracies. It can strengthen economies.” Weingarten, an American activist, illustrates the need for educational reform as a life raft for future generations. We must incorporate what is best for the students by helping further develop their education and not what will get us the most funding possible.
But with my philosophy I plan to do the opposite of this. I want my students to be engaged and focus more towards the excitement of learning new information rather then get perfect grades. The students will take classes that interest them and will help add to their knowledge, I want my students to be well rounded and well informed students. I want them to be able to add to our curriculum and become part of our
5.0 CONCLUSION In all four educational philosophies there were differences that can be distinguished in terms of definition and the functions of education from the philosophers. According to Vivekananda knowledge in actually inherited and not from external sources; it is already in the human’s mind. Meanwhile, al-Farabi believes that education deals with the human soul and ensures that individuals are being prepared from early age to become beneficial member of society and achieve high level of perfection to reach goal which he was created. For Confucius, he believes that moral values in the main core for education and from it a good person can be educated to become better and virtues in establishing disciplined and stable society. As in Plato,
The government though that integrated education can improve overall educational effectiveness and cost effectiveness. It can address the diversity of society and the basic needs for general schools (Norwich, 1996). The objective is to develop the potentials of every student (Education Bureau, 2014). Different scholars support the scaffolding theory and the zone of proximal development that children's learning is like building structures. If students who need some special educational needs, it can provide sufficient support and helps so that it can stimulate a person's largest potential (Wood, Bruner & Ross, 1976).
John Dewey (1859-1952), was a philosopher and educator who changed the normal schooling conventions throughout his career, lifetime and beyond. Dewey strongly influenced the design of innovative educational approaches to create a democratic learning environment. Examples of these democratic strategies are demonstrated through current day discovery and experiential learning methods undertaken by teachers globally. The idea behind these approaches is to allow transmission to occur through communication. For John Dewey, education and democracy are intimately connected.
Drifting from traditional (chalk and talk methods ) to a more progressive system with greater flexibility, time and space for teachers , mutual trust and cooperation as well as collaboration, sharing of work , responsibilities and credit, autonomous environment etc helps in promoting opportunities for experience , experimentation and hence lead to a more reflective way of working for the teachers. Collaboration and sharing among teachers should be fostered as leads to better results ( Revans 1982). It is also essential that we loosen our adherence to theoretical models at all levels of the education system and engage in reflective and critical ways of evaluating, teaching, feedback etc from the stakeholders. (Engestrom. 2006).