Education is the key to social change in general, and a sustainable future in particular. Basic education today is considered those skills that are necessary to function in society. Yet, a more critical view suggests that mass public education has been used by governments as a way to instill in the minds of youth nationalism and patriotism, as well as obedience to authority. Business corporations have also advocated public education as a way to teach children to be obedient to managers ("teachers"), to follow orders, complete assignments, show-up for class on time, and other conditions that mirror a work environment. In this radical critique of public education, schools are tools for coercing children to respect hierarchy and to fit them into the systems of the nation-state and capitalism.
Aims of education According to Schiro (1978) in the Social Efficiency Ideology the curriculum developer’s first job is to determine the needs of society. The things that will fulfil these needs are called the terminal objectives of the curriculum. The Terminal objectives refer to the observable and measureable action of people and these objectives must be stated in behavioral terms that specify observable behaviors, action capabilities, actions, skills or cognitive process. The following are the aim of education according to Social Efficiency ideology: 1. The first aim of education is to perpetuate the functioning of the society.
It is true this is an extreme example from an extreme situation. However, in daily lives, people do become instigated by ‘improper education’ from ‘improper educators.’ Rather than putting emphasis on finding who they are, the inappropriately-educated create frictions detrimental to social stability. Hence, the society must be alert from this misusage of
c. Understanding the “what” of self directed learning If the “why” of self-directed learning is focused on the “directed” part of the equation, the “what” is focused on “self.” There is a tendency to view self-directed learning as something that happens in isolation; as something in opposition to “teacher-directed” learning. This is a false
The word education itself proved that the aim of it is “to teach us how to think than what to think.” Sociology of education enable us to think critically about human social life and to keep asking questions concerning the sociological problems in education and understanding related concepts such as functions, progress, problems and the importance of good interaction between society and education systems. There are
It specifically outlines the following: i. Education as tool for socialization ii. Education as a social fact, and iii. The relationship between education and morality, as explained by Durkheim. To understand nature of the educational system in a society, one needs to look into the socio-historical setting of that society.
The paper achieved its objective of defending why the schools are an open system using the socio-technical systems theory. The general systems theory has been highlighted in the text explaining how the school is made up of various working systems that are interdependent on each other. The four variables of the socio-technical systems theory have been highlighted, indicating how the
1. Introduction Curriculum foundation refers to the factors that influence the minds of curriculum developers to make a decision on what to be included in the curriculum and its structure. There are certain factors which provide background information on which the curriculum developers depend to make the decisions. They may be philosophical foundations which based on nature and value systems. Psychological foundation which is based on the learners and learning theory influences the curriculum and sociological and cultural foundation which influences the curriculum from the social life, society and its culture.
Despite the hidden curriculum is the unintentional it requires a special teachers’ preparation. The main thing is that this curriculum can have both positive and negative effect on students. If the curriculum is used without awareness it can work not in a right way. One primary way to lead students away from a negative impact of the hidden curriculum is to help them to develop their critical thinking. It will help them to distinguish the hidden curriculum messages.
The methods ,techniques and strategies are discussed in order to inculcate the values among children. The method of discussion, imitation, verbal communication, demonstration etc are recommended for value education. Richard Pring (2012).In the paper on ‘Importance of Philosophy in the conduct of educational research’ illustrates the invalidate of educational research by absence of philosophical questioning. The educational research is seen as empirical essence. Though essence is taken from different domains like sociology, psychology,philosophy etc.,the policy makers and practitioners are criticized for lack of philosophical thinkings in two aspects, first ‘it all depends on what you mean’.The another is that ‘what you mean in education is inseparable from wider ethical issues about what counts as an educated