English-language learners (ELLs) with special needs belong to a minority group and require specific direction for educators on how to help these students in the school context and how to help to improve their educational outcomes. This is one of the most important topics in the field of education in the USA. The main issue of the teachers is to decrease the achievement gap between ELLs and their peers. Though, the educational needs of ELLs are diverse and rather complicated. English language learners face many obstacles due to their cultural and linguistic diversity.
They suffer from different forms of discrimination and hardships in everyday life. There are a lot of reasons why women are not allowed to enter the workforce. They are disadvantaged when it comes to opportunity and learning. The educational factor is a major issue in Pakistan. A lot of girls are getting education but a smaller number is able to proceed to post-secondary level and out of them most are not allowed to participate in the workforce.
This is called a heterogeneous culture, differences in cultural identity related to class, race, ethnicity, etc. Although we are made up of many different cultures, we belong to the modern society as well. This heterogeneous culture is mostly technology based. A homogeneous society, a society that is made up of one culture, is little bit more rare, but not extinct. The homogeneous culture is more interdependent because it doesn’t have access to technology because they are so isolated.
A controversial topic of education, whether it is a right or a privilege, remains highly disputed till this day. Viewing education as a right sets many peoples’ perspectives astray from its original intention, helping children from poor families to attend school. The right of an education is often viewed as an obligation and not a need to compete in the world to survive. Moreover, as a right, education is frequently taken for granted. On the other hand, the privilege of an education creates a burdensome fee for many poor families, causing a rise of many illiterates.
Most professor poorly understands the cultural background that the student is in, which means that teacher cannot help with student’s performance, correct their unappropriated behavior based on the indigenous social norms. In this case, universities need to provide teacher appropriate training about the diversity and multicultural education. School in Australia has a wonderful system that should be highly recommended to all the university around the world. Education programs appeal to against the National Program standards for the old teacher system, also guarantee that can match the current educational trend. This thought can spread commonly is because the program always includes a lot of feature that relates to the inclusive teaching, considering the right of the disable people，understanding how to teach students from diverse backgrounds in the classroom.
Her book goes back and forth vice versa- from the present to the past and from the past to the present with a sole purpose of arriving at the main argument that the New Guinea highlanders are not fenced around fixed segmentary systems and that it is not because of the contact with the outside world but due to the fact that culture is dynamic and change is inevitable (Brown 1972: 121). Unlike Leahy and Dwyer’s ethnography which has no precise introduction, Brown’s introduction refutes previous studies on the region which assumed that the natives viewed themselves as unchanging and stable. The diction used is
Diversity is growing in the United States and, as a result, the public schools. Gay () suggests that many answers lie in the inclusion of multicultural education in the curriculum. Students need to be educated in the contrbution of multiculturalism to the social, political, cultural and economic issues of today. The lack of multiculturalism in school curriculum is mainly due to the fact that many educators believe the inclusion invovles separate lessons as it is a separate entity. The misundersatnd that this approach influences the entire educational system as it plays a role in instruction, policy, leadership, evaluation and learning climate.
The disadvantages that migrant students may face in education within their receiving countries can include problems through communication, integration and negotiation. Many of these difficulties arise as a result of existing racism, language barriers, religious indifference and national ignorance to cultural variety. Migrant students may not reach their full academic potential as a result of this cumulative disadvantage (Darmody, 2011) in education. A resolution to this problem can be difficult to pin point although measures have been taken to encourage integration and racial acceptance through constitution giving equal rights to education etc. National teachers and students of the receiving country must make a conscious effort to enable migrant students full development on an academic and social level to avoid these existing
Schools are also becoming more strict when it comes to the kind of language that is used and are thus creating an environment for dialect levelling. Programs and TV shows are all the same kind of language or dialect and all this makes it harder for a dialect to survive. In the United States they go even further. People that speak a different language are seen as a minority and actively shunned by society. Those 'minorities' will have an even harder time if they choose to speak their native tongue.
For example, in Brunei, a lot of traditional games and practices are endangered to being extinct. This is because there is lack of initiation and exposure to maintain these practices to be passed down to generations. Also, most youth nowadays are very fluent in English than being in Malay, as being fluent in Malay is sometimes seen as “too traditional”. With reference to one of the projects written by Linda Tuhiwai Smith (1999), “revitalization initiatives in languages encompass education, broadcasting, publishing, and community-based programmes” (p147). This notion suggests the importance of re-strengthening and revitalizing language and culture to prevent in them being