Educational Philosophy Of Al-Ghazali

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Abu Hamid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazali (1058-1111) was one of the most influential and famous Muslim thinkers. He was awarded honorific title “Proof of Islam” (Hujjat al-Islam). He is also known as a Mujaddid or renewer of the faith. His work basically changed the course of Islamic Philosophy.
Al-Ghazali’s educational philosophy portrays the high point of Islamic thinking on education in which he was inclined towards reconciliation and integration of various intellectual schools and managed to combine philosophical, legal and mystical educational thinking.
Even though Al-Ghazali himself was a teacher in the beginning of his career, but he was not a ‘philosopher of education’. He was actually a philosopher of religion and ethics and favored continuity and stability over change and innovation.
Principles of Teaching and Learning:
Al-Ghazali said that man was born as tabula rasa which means ‘clean slate’ in Latin. The family teaches the child its language, customs and religious traditions, whose influence the child cannot escape. Later the child acquires personality, characteristics and behavior through interacting with the society and the environment. The parents are mainly responsible for children’s education and also bear the burden of their errors since they are partners in everything the children do followed by teachers who also share the responsibility.
He also gave instructions that how a child should be taught at which age and how a teacher
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