Edward B. Calkins: The History Of Structuralism

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Structuralism: Founded by Wilhelm Wundt in germany and mainly identified with Edward B. Titchener. Structuralism was made to analyze the adult mind from birth to death. It was made to study human behavior and culture. The main tool of structuralist psychology was introspection. The thought process was made an occurrence of sensations of the current experience and feelings representing a prior experience. Founded: 1879 Mary Whiton Calkins: Mary Calkins was born March 30, 1863 in Hartford, CT. She was a philosopher, psychologist, and educator. Mary attended Smith College and graduated in 1885. She also attended the University of Leipzig while in Europe with her family in 1887. She then joined the faculty at Wellesley College in 1887. In 1890, she began advanced studies in psychology and philosophy at Clark University and Harvard University. She completed all of the requirements for a PhD in 1896 and was recommended, but Harvard declined to honor a woman for this accomplishment. In 1890, she began teaching at Wellesley. She advanced quickly to professor of philosophy and psychology. In 1891, she established one of the earliest laboratories of experimental psychology in the country and a first at a women’s college. She believed in the theory of consciousness and topics dealing with emotion, color theory, and dreams. Calkins also published many writings in over 100 pages in professional journals such as An Introduction to Psychology (1901). In 1905, Dr. Calkins was elected to

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