The decline and fall of the Roman Empire in the West between A.D. 197 and A.D. 476 There have been many theories as to what caused the decline and eventual fall of the great Roman Empire in the West between A.D. 197 and A.D. 476. Political, military and economic issues were mainly responsible for the fall of Rome in the West. There is strong proof that these were the three main causes. To expand on political problems, things such as corruption were an enormous contributing factor as well as lack of strong leadership. Military issues were those of the problematic situation of expanding borders, barbarian knowledge of military tactics, and the resulting end in loss of control over the Empire.
These countries were persistent, and continued to invade the Roman empire. Evidence describing this problem is both documents C and D in the Fall of Rome DBQ. Document C shows a map of the routes of all of the invaders attempting to annihilate Rome took, and document D is a more in depth view into the brutality and cruelty of the asian tribe “huns.” In this document, the author refers to the Huns people as “exceeding the definition of savagery,” and “unthinking animals.” This was the most important factor in Rome's “fall” because they acted completely inhumane, which largely contributed to the weakening of Rome's army and
As relationships deteriorated larger commercial farms had pushed the smaller farmers into Rome which would increase the number of the poor class citizens and slavery also greatly increased. The increasing social tension caused class conflict way greater than the one in Greek society. Over time the Republic declined because of ambitious individuals battling for power. Even when the crisis of the Republic was noticed by the Tiberius Gracchus who would make an attempt to redistribute the land, he was assassinated by conservatives. Then his brother, Gaius tried to introduce land reforms and extend citizenship but the Senate ordered his
Document 2 shows the state the empire became too large, it was hard to control, as well as the introduction of Christianity. The expansion was a factor because it became very expensive to maintain which made the empire split it up into an eastern and western empire, that caused the west empire to weaken and strengthened the east empire. This made the government raise taxes, in an attempt to regulate the economy, but then citizen started purchasing fewer goods. In all this made people lose jobs and get laid off. Christianity was a factor because it replace the roman polyesthic religion that viewed the emperor as the god.
Foreign invaders, such as the Visigoths and Ostrogoths wanted to conquer Rome. Rome’s first mistake was inviting these enemies into their territory. Evidence from a map of the Foreign invasions of Rome show evidence on not an invasion, but a migration (Document C.) So, when other Germanic tribes decided to invade, they could have allies on the inside. One of Rome’s enemies, the Huns were a ruthless group. In Document D, stated is “Fired with an overwhelming desire for seizing the property of others, these swift moving and ungovernable people make their destructive way amid the pillage and slaughter of those who live around them.” This piece of evidence shows how savage Rome’s enemies were.
Their numbers were small, they were very indepented on western Europe for supplies and soldiers. The havoc the zealous crusaders brought on the local populations, especially the Jewish communties, made them hated by all groups throughout the religon. Document 7 states that to make matters worse, the crusading knights often abused and committed atrocities against eastern orthdoxs Christians, Jews and Muslims sin the areas through which they passed. This is important because crusading knights often abused the Easten Orthodox Christains and Jews and Muslims in the oars they passed, which is a negative impact in the crusades Document 6 states that the 4th crusade was a wasteful and destructive even that resulted only in further dividing the Christian world. Pope Innocent 11, the crusade did not attract the support expected.This is important because this is in Constaniople in 1204, the Venetians, who had been hired to transport the crusaders, and the knights agreed to attack the Byzantine capital instead.
Persia also dealt with military complications that affected the empire, and its problems also related to the fact that foreigners inhabited the Persian army. The issue which plagued the empire and ultimately caused its downfall was the make-up of its military.34 The Persian empire 's military was composed of soldiers who each possessed their own language and traditional ways of engaging in combat.35 This drawback caused confusion when the military was occupied by the action of battle and caused additional losses on the Persian party rather than the opposing side.36 When Persia succumbed to more defeats than victories the empire 's domination wavered and Persia was admitted to the gradual
The two most important factors that led to the fall of the Roman Empire in 476 CE were poor leadership and Military problems. The poor leadership in the Empire was a major factor that ultimately led the Roman Empires to their demise. Some of these bad emperors had mental
In a lecture about ‘The Burkean Outlook’ at Yale, Dr. Ian Shapiro states that Edmund Burke was anti-enlightenment. This lecture was based on Burkes’s book called ‘The Reflections of the French Revolution’. This text provides a deep insight into the political philosophy Burke believed in and can help us to make analysis about Burke’s point character. This outlook, as the professor describes, is based on extreme distrust of not only science, but anybody who claims to have scientific knowledge. Edmund Burke was many things, but he was not Enlightened.
One reason for the fall of the Roman empire was political instability. As the empire grew the government became very unstable and people started to fight for power. As seen in document A, over a 50 year time period the empire had 22 different emperors. The constant change of power caused the empire to become very unstable and also led to the citizens not trusting the government, instead they started trusting the various military generals. The military generals would then try to