The children that were exposed to the passive adult and the children with no adult at all show little aggressive behavior. The children with the adult role model showed the least aggression which proved that through the positive calm social interaction is a learned behavior Lovette3 and is not passed through genes, so through this experiment it showed that his theory was correct. Over the three groups, more intensely aggressive behavior was observed in the boys as predicted. Since this is more acceptable in our society as a whole, there was no surprise in
Hoffman and Russ (2012) first studied the behaviours of sixty-one girls in a five minute pretend play task with the use of two puppets and three blocks. Each session was videotaped and the children were assessed based on the frequency of positive and negative affective expressions displayed as well as their comfort level engaging in the task. Adding on, participants were assigned another task whereby they had to tell a story based on a picture book. The stories were then coded according to the “amount of affect expressed” and the use of emotion words (Hoffman & Russ, 2012, p. 178). Once again to ensure reliability, parents were given a questionnaire to score their child’s emotional regulation abilities.
Fifty-nine female and thirteen male students from introductory psychology in NYU were recruited and told that they were participating in discussion about personal problems. However they were told that this discussion would take place through intercom and no face-to-face interaction was necessary. The hypothesis of the study was that the presence of more than one person in the helping area would lead to the responsibility of helping being diffused among the onlookers. To test this hypothesis, Darley and Latane created two cases of emergencies, one during a group discussion and one during a one-on-one discussion during both a pre-recorded voice on intercom is of an epileptic student who is having a seizure. It is mentioned that it could be life threatening but can only hear and not see the epileptic
In that experiment eighteen-month-old infants were placed into two groups, one that experienced opaque blindfolds and the other that experienced trick blindfolds. Trick blindfolds appear to not be see through like the opaque blindfold but were actually see through when placed in close proximity to the face. The experiment found that children who had a past encounter with the trick blindfold followed the experimenters more than those infants that had experience with only the opaque blindfold. So Meltzoff and Brooks concluded that infants did use their personal experience to predict the vision of the blindfolded
In response to the infamous Kitty Genovese murder case, Latane` and Darley conducted an experiment to see how people react in emergency situations alone versus in a group. Surprisingly, they found their results to be the exact opposite than what they hypothesized: people are more likely to react to an emergency situation faster in a group than alone (Latane` and Darley., 1968, p. 216). This case was responsible for creating many social phenomenons such as the bystander effect, diffusion of responsibility, and pluralistic ignorance that can now help explain why people respond the way they do in certain situations. The findings in this experiment not only showed how being in a group can change one’s morals, but also cause one to hide their emotions. This experiment is important because the results showed how people are more likely rely on others to make a decision in a discomforting situation resulting in no one making a decision.
Jennifer Sutto PSY350-18688 Alexander Danvers 01 February 2016 The Transmission of Aggression Through Imitation of Aggressive Models, famously known as The Bobo Doll Experiment, was conducted by Albert Bandura, Dorothea Ross, and Sheila Ross. The experiment was conducted to study the concept of social learning. Banduras, Ross, and Ross wanted to see if children would mimic behavior displayed by adult role models, specifically aggressive behavior. They studied 72 children between the ages of 3 and 6 years old, with an equal amount of boys and girls. They used a matched pairs design, which is when the researcher groups off participants based on certain characteristics related to what they are measuring, and then randomizes them into groups.
Slater was able to get a hold of Skinner’s other daughter, Julie Vargas, and find out her opinion on her father, Skinner, and his experiments. Julie went on to tell Slater that, “If my father made one mistake, it was in the words he chose. People hear the word control and they think fascist. If my father had said people were informed by their environments, or inspired by their environments, no on would’ve had a problem.” In other words, Julie was a fan of her father, and she thinks that if he had approached people differently, then people would have taken to him in a more positive way. So, while there is and always will be controversy surrounding Skinner and his experiments, Skinner contributed a great quantity to the field of psychology.
This test observed patterns in the infants’ experiences of separation and reunion with their mother, and their reaction to a stranger, in order to evaluate the type of attachment relationship the infant shared with their mother (Ainsworth, 1978). Ainsworth found a significant consistency between the mothers’ interactive styles and the reactions of the infants. The results of this test led Ainsworth to classify the behaviours into three main categories. She identified the infants to have secure attachment, or one of two forms of insecure attachment, avoidant or ambivalent (Music,
It is vital for them to learn the principals and disciplines they require to succeed in life. Furthermore, I discovered that my mother (a single parent) did something that no one else could have possibly done: she truly believed in me! On the one hand I saw children who were extremely shy and the minute they were confronted by something negative they would go silent for hours. Then on the other hand I saw some of the outspoken children who would fly into a rage and destroy everything they could get their hands on. The different reactions that the children had on similar situations justified the importance of having a stable foundation to develop from.
A study of human behaviour in children and adolescents: To what extent is our behaviour shaped by the approval or disapproval of parents, teachers and other role models? As small children, we need adults to care for us and provide us with food, warmth, and shelter. The caregivers, usually our parents, are important to our psychological development; we make emotional bonds with them from an early age, which gives us the security we need in order to explore and learn about the world . Similarly, as we grow up, we learn how to behave in everyday life, but to what extent is our behaviour shaped by the approval or disapproval of parents, teachers and other role models? Some people consider that children are born as “blank slates”, since they are