When someone speaks they can easily be silenced, however, the written language can be anonymous and easily circulated (Gee & Hayes, 2011). The invention of the printing press made the distribution of written language easier, however, reading was still limited to the wealthy and educated (Gee & Hayes, 2011). From the 16th century countries such as Sweden encouraged universal reading, so people were able to read the bible (Gee & Hayes, 2011). The capacity to write, however, did not spread as quickly or as well as the ability to read, today even in modern society, people still exist with the inability to write as well as they can read (Gee & Hayes, 2011). Modern day printing presses control what is published, further adding to the idea that ordinary people should consume, however, not produce literature
Colonialism availed English to the masses that were colonized. In the colonization period, most of the persons affected were in Asia as well as in Africa. This was in the 19th century where the European countries divided various countries among themselves to colonize and rule over for economic reasons. Though this was the latest spate of colonization, earlier developments and spread of English form the main English speakers such as England, Ireland and Scotland, formerly, the English language was introduce to various countries such as the United States of America. New Zealand, the South African republic and Australia when there was mass migration of populations due to the shortness of resources in the motherland English speaking countries.
The English language first started as dialects spoken by the Angles and Saxons in the 5th and 6th centuries, and later on mixed together until there was an Angelo-Saxon, which also is known as Old English. Old English actually consists of a pinch of Scandinavian from Viking settlers. In 1066 when the French-speaking Normans became the ruling class in the country after beating the English at the battle of Hastings, French words were gradually added to the vocabulary which mainly had to do with law, dress, art, food, and politics. As mentioned, the English language were only spoken by about 6 million people in 1558, and by time, went from being a common language to be a global language spoken by about 1,8 billion people in the world. So, how is it possible that a language spoken by a few millions, suddenly becomes the most important language in the world?
Why do we learn a foreign language? Because learning a new language today may provide feedback that's worth more than you think. In the age where our world is more open to communication, it makes easier and faster to cross-border communication. Of course, the most commonly used language in the world is English. So we see that foreign language communication is more important and plays a role in our society.
Language rules have been changing rapidly over the last few centuries. One of those changes can be found when contrasting the voicing of the interdental sound between Middle English and present-day English. Middle English is an old form of the English language that was supposedly used between AD 1150 and AD 1500. A significant influence on its shaping came from the North Germanic languages and furthermore from the conquering Normans, who spoke a form of French and allowed loan words to find their way into the English language. Additionally spelling was influenced by them when the old English letter < þ>, called thorn, was replaced by the usage of with its two different sounds /ð/ (voiced) and /θ/ voiceless.
Johnson was the first English lexicographer to use citations in this way, a method that greatly influenced the style of future dictionaries. He had scoured books stretching back to the 1500s, often quoting from those thought to be 'great works ' such as Milton or Shakespeare.” (The British Library, Literary quotations). In the eighteenth century, the language changed due to the time of the empire. Because of the people who came from foreign countries to England for commercial trading purposes, the language was affected from both foreign countries and England. “Johnson argued that as a country grows, so does the language.” (Seargeant and Swann, 2012, p.
In seventeenth - century, a number of grammar texts included different components of lexicographical which were not very familiar with most of other lexicons authors. That’s the idea of Samuel Johnson’s Dictionary got popularity because of the 17th-century situation in the field of dictionaries”. - In “the 18th century, the grammarians became more conscious by facing some issues while teaching in the grammar schools especially. The lexicographers were more concerned about research and documentation methods in the English language. In the result, Samuel Johnson’s Dictionary of the English Language (1755) played an important role by combining effective practices of early
The English alphabetical system has characteristics that help to acquire language more easily, but it also has its downsides because of many irregularities that cause some difficulties for the children to acquire language more easily. The way children learn language affects his language skills that allow him to communicate in a more productive way and deliver his message in a more coherent and effective way, which means that the parents, society and the community around him affect the child language use in his early years and later in his life, so there is a truth in the traditional saying that "it takes a whole city to raise a child". Knowing the advantages and
Many believe that the English language is an essay and its importance is a natural consequence to global commercial activities. However, many more would argue that the importance of this language is by forced and the effect of it on other countries language. The improvement of English is because of Linguistic
Globalization of English not only increase English speakers but it also localizes English in a place where English is not used as a native language. For example, In Japan and the Philippines, people do not speak the same English as native speakers because they create a new English called Englog and Japlish which words are mixed with English and their own language’s words and phrases. they started to learn English to adapt globalization and this is a result of the globalization of English. However, native English speakers need to accept like this localization if they expect other than basic communication skills. In globalization of English, because people get an opportunity to work with foreign people, they need to exchange ideas to proceed their work.