Offender rehabilitation has mainly revolved around the Risk-Needs-Responsivity (RNR) model which serves as a framework in guiding interventions towards offenders in the past. However, with the emergence of Good Lives Model (GLM) as an alternative model, competing views as to which works better start to arise. In order to discuss which model is better, there is first a need to compare between both approaches towards offender rehabilitation. The principles revolving around RNR model include the risk, needs and responsivity principles. The risk principle matches the level of service and treatment to the offender’s risk to re-offend, whereas the need principle assesses criminogenic needs and target them in treatment.
As, discussed second problem of pre-trail detainees, there is also a ten-point method or measures to prevent or to lessen the no. of pre-trail detainees in the prisons2: 1. Review the scope of the criminal law so that it is not used more widely than necessary. 2. Ensure international standards underpin legislation on pre‑trial justice. 3.
Forced choices) are better to determine the accuracy of a misconception. This article also tested to see the accuracy between these two tests (Taylor & Kowalski, 2012, pp. 63 – 665). II. Introduction The introduction of this article presents an overview of the problem.
Eventual, the next the collected data is will validity from error. According to, Kim and Mallory (2014). “error is a threat to both internal and external validity of a study”. The assumption test is required to be performed and met. Data Analysis Methods A Wilcoxon rank-sum will be apply to validated that is not violated a nonparametric test.
Communication: “The organization shall take reasonable steps to have and publicize a system, which may include mechanisms that allow for anonymity or confidentiality” (Kazmier 125). Monitoring and auditing: “The organization shall take reasonable steps to ensure that the organization’s compliance and ethics program is followed, including monitoring and auditing to detect criminal conduct” (Kazmier 126). Enforcement and discipline: “The organization’s compliance and ethics program shall be promoted and enforced consistently throughout the organization through (A) appropriate incentives and (B) appropriate disciplinary measures” (Kazmier 127). Response and prevention: “After criminal conduct has been detected, the organization shall take reasonable steps to respond appropriately to the criminal conduct and to prevent further similar conduct, including making any necessary modifications to the organization’s compliance and ethics program “(Kazmier
He discovered that the offer from company A is better than company B. He realized that company B’s software may require more modification where increase the total cost. To resolve this conflict of interest, I would like to use Thomas White’s Framework. Thomas White’s framework for ethical decision making should be more useful to deal with situations in dilemma. White’s framework states: • Analyze the consequences and collecting necessary information.
A psychometrist’s role includes: taking responsibility for the ethical use of Psychometric tests including test security, confidentiality and informed consent; to ensure adequate knowledge and understanding of psychometrics, testing and assessment; to ensure good practice in the use of psychometric tests, including test selection, test administration, scoring of tests and reporting accurately on test results; to ensure accurate interpretation of test results and feedback of test results; to ensure that the tests used are classified and that the test scope validity, reliability, standardisation, culture fairness, accessibility, language, level of education, practicality and acceptability are appropriate to the identified assessment needs of the context and clients; to develop, promote and advise on best practice in the field of Psychometry; and to contribute to the development of psychometric instruments in the South African
Though there are core principles and guidelines, the way each case is handled is heavily based on context. The main objectives that drive restorative justice practices in sexual violence cases are “reparation, retribution, and rehabilitation of the community” (Wolthuis et al., 2015). Restorative justice seeks to find a way that “maximizes healing for all parties and minimizes the chance of the process inadvertently causing harm” (Restorative justice standards for sexual offending cases, 2013). Particularly in sexual violence cases, the primary focus in a restorative justice case is to lower the potential chances of harm. The principles are set in place to allow the victim to have a chance to hold the offender accountable while having the opportunity to voice one's story.
However, restorative justice uniquely contains several elements that differentiate it from the traditional system, specifically, the practice of this system focuses the offender, the offense, and the victim (Wenzel, Michael, et al. 378). The system thus is concerned with the ability to potentially suppress the offender's past behavior and as such rehabilitate them through changing their future behavioral characteristics. It can then, be argued that restorative justice focuses on the potential outcomes in reference to
Through the methods of surveillance those who deviate from the law can be identified, and these law-breaking actions are punished. This punishment is “disguised as discipline” (Lorentzen, 2). This process is established in our institutions and how we carry out
The defining and conveying of inmate behavior expectations should be the primary goal for the inmate behavior management plan which set the atmosphere within the prison walls, indicating that it has a powerful effect on how the inmates act. Staff needs to communicate positive expectations for inmate’s behavior because it will become the norm between inmates. If the staff portrayed an aggressive and manipulative expectation, the inmates will adopt this negative demeanor and act accordingly. The expectations should be aimed high, but attainable because It would ensure that inmates maintained high expectations for their behavior. In order to establish these means, jail should convey their expectations both directly and indirectly therefore inmates should be informed about schedules, procedures, and services to follow the rules.