Acid rain falls not only on the land but also on the lakes, rivers and streams, then make a disaster for the ecosystem for the species that live there. In Sweden acid rain made the lakes so acidic and was the reason behind the death of all the fishes there. The pH concentration will change if the lakes or the streams became acidic, and this will unfortunately cause problems for the fish species and its eggs also. At pHs that is lower than 5 the fish's egg can't be hatch and this will cause later a decline in the fish population and later it might be eliminated. If acid rain falls it will also affects the plants that some animals depends on as a source of food and this will also be a reason behind death of many animals populations (internet
There is also deforestation. The clearing of land for agriculture that often leads to water pollution, when soil is stripped of its vegetation it becomes prone to soil erosion, which leads to increase in murkiness of water which causes the block of the gills of fish. Plants at the bottom cannot then photosynthesize as the sun’s rays do not reach them. Increase the disease as bacteria uses soil particles as a method of transportation to the water. Then there is destruction of wetlands.
When pollution is dumped into water, fish are likely to ingest the pollutant and people eat the fish in countries with little food regulation, this can cause harmful effects to the humans. Environmental pollution can not only affect humans through wildlife but also through the ecosystem. Pollutants can seep into the ground and kill trees and plants. Plants are humans source of oxygen and when trees are eliminated through deforestation and pollution, humans will have no source of oxygen. Agriculture industrys use an excess of fertilizers on crops and it goes into the ruoff and affects people who live nearby.
Because of that are floods increasingly common. We also pollute land. It is caused by throwing garbage on the land and river banks, leakage from chemical tanks, oil spills and other chemicals, which came into the soil by accidental contamination. Animals can eat garbage on land and river banks and they can die because of asphyxiation. Absolutely farming is the most dangerous caused for land pollution.
The global production of animal products aids in the destruction of water quality worldwide. FAO (2009) mentions that the water quality is tainted through the release of nitrogen, phosphorous, pathogens and other substances which goes into water ways and groundwater mainly from manure production in intensive livestock. Accordingly, poor manure management results in the pollution of surface and ground water. Air quality is also impacted by meat production; meat production contributes to the level of ammonia, which is released from manure and urine, carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulphide and other harmful substances. Samer (2016) refers to hydrogen sulphide as “an aggressive trace gas”, it is emitted in large amounts after manure is broken down anaerobically during sometime in storage.
Question 3 What kind of effects will acid rain cause to the environment? As we know acid rain is acidic and this will surely affect the environment. When acid rain falls, it will change the level of acidic of one habitat which will cause a gigantic damage to the flora and fauna in the habitat. Acid deposition will weaken the plant’s defense system, causing them become weak. It will also remove the nutrient of plant which is calcium and magnesium from soils which will cause the tree’s defence system become weaker.
Soil is also affected by the overuse of fertilizers and the pesticides, this led to loss of the forest cover, crops in farms and etc. Air pollution is caused and water pollution are caused by terrestrial pollution, in appropriate dumping of garbage have a bad smell and the dust from the building rubbles and the dumped garbage is burned they cause air pollution and the polluted air affect the human health , as the land is contaminated with chemicals and pesticides lad to skin cancer and human respiratory system , also wildlife can be affected as they are threatened regarding to loss of their habitat, food and natural environment . Water pollution is a result of terrestrial pollution as the chemicals and the solid waste dumped near the water are washed by rain in to the river or the stream and lad to pollution of the water. Conclusion Terrestrial pollution is the largest issue in Tembisa that needs to be attended as soon as possible because it does not affect only the polluters but also all the innocent things such as the biotic and the abiotic components of the earth and its natural environment and
Some of the things people do cause harm to the health. We cause pollution when we make our water, land, and air dirty. In this topic, you will learn what pollution is, what are different types of pollution, and how does it affect health. Pollution is anything that makes the earth dirty and unhealthy. Water, air,and land are all affected by pollution.There are different types of pollution categorized based on the part of the environment which they affect or result which the particular pollution causes.
There are three main impacts humans are causing on the Earth’s environment: pollution, deforestation, and overpopulation. Pollution of the air refers to toxic gasses and emissions being released into the atmosphere. Most of these pollutions and gasses are emitted from the exhaust from the cars people drive, large industrial factories, power plants, and (industrial) boilers (Kramer). Each of these sources of air pollution is from human actions, people driving cars, running factories, etc. The repercussions of the pollution of the air include health issues such as damage to the lungs but also damage to the Earth’s ozone layer.
Other health associated problems includes poor blood circulation, skin lesions, vomiting and damage to the nervous system. This diseases or health problems are leading cause of death for humans across the globe. Acid rain is also one of the effects of the water pollution. It contains sulfate particles which are harmful fish or plant life in lakes and rivers. Higher acidity usually hinders some fish and water plants from reproducing, growing and surviving.