In an organisations, path-goal theory also refers to the manager’s ability for guiding their subordinates to choose the right path way to achieve the organisational goal. According to path-goal theory, leader provides needed direction and support for subordinates to achieve organizational goals (Silverthorne, 2001). Richard et al. (2012) said that path-Goal theory suggests that leaders may not only use similar behaviours with different subordinates but may use different behaviours with same subordinates in certain situation. It is importance because leader can use the leadership styles of path-goal theory to improve their subordinates’ work efficiency.
Leadership in organizations is an issue of vital importance and is a determining factor for the proper functioning and performance of the company. It is important to know that leadership manages the success of the business and personal goals and it helps the company to grow internally and externally. Understanding leadership in organizations means to change the ideals and create new activities that will contribute to the fulfillment of the goals. Trust Some challenges that leaders face today is to be able to win and provide an atmosphere of trust among its member. Trust is fundamental in leadership.
1.4 LITERATURE REVIEW The researcher conducted an extensive review of literature pertaining to transformational and transactional leadership and their effect on employee engagement. 1.4.1 TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP Transformational leaders are seen to be inspirational in the sense that they strive towards the common good of their followers and the organisation as a whole. they do this by creating opportunities for their followers thereby influencing and driving an engaged and empowered culture. They are seen to be proactive and encourage innovatinve thinking amongst their team. Notje (2010) has decribed transformational leaders as leaders with the distinct ability ability to drive motivation and seek the best performance from their employees.
ANALYSIS OF LEADERSHIP STYLES AND MUSKS’ LEADERSHIP STYLE 2.1 Introduction to leadership An effective leader is someone who knows how to inspire and relate to subordinates, knows how to increase the employees’ motivation and make employees loyal to the organization. (Alkahtani, 2015) Leadership style is the approach an individual use to steer people in the direction that they are going in. Analysis has identified a range of leadership styles based on the number of followers. the most applicable leadership style depends on the operate of the leader, the followers and also the situation. 2.2 Different types of leadership styles Leadership plays a vital role in order for an organization to succeed, by effectively managing and controlling employees the type of leadership style.
During this stage, leaders solidify the change that has taken place. This can be done by installing a reward system or restructuring for accountability (Burke, 2011). Lewin’s change theory is an important model because it helps organizations lead its staff through change in a systematic way. Showing employees why a change is needed instead of just making changes for the sake of making changes can be beneficial for leaders managing change. “Closing the gap” helps employees understand the purpose of the change and allows them to perform more efficiently with less stress and confusion.
Employees’ sense of ownership of creating, molding, designing and managing their tasks decisions refers to psychological ownership. It relates to the self-efficacy and self-esteem of the employees. Thereby, psychological ownership basically leads to higher levels of accountability and empowerment (Ghafoor, Qureshi, Khan, & Hijazi, 2011). The current scenario requires needful and frequent communication with employees and leveraging them to manage their tasks leads to greater trust, self-efficacy and self-esteem. However, coaching, mentoring and counseling play important role for transformational change leadership (Eisenbach, Watson, & Pillai, 1999).
In fact, Zaccaro, Wood and Herman (2006) argue, the leadership traits also determine the ability of the leader to acquire new attributes and skills that might expand the leader’s skill set and thus increase his or her effectiveness in a diverse array of settings. In this way, leadership traits can determine the effectiveness of training and development opportunities offered to the leader by the organization. At the same time, cognitive capacities and motive for self-actualization can make the leader more effective at learning from experience and thus adopting more effective leadership skills to employ in different types of settings. Luria and Berson (2012) describe the impact of leader motives on leader performance. Their study is focused on a military context, but the findings may prove relevant to organizational leadership as well.
1.4.1 Literature Review HRM practices are a process of engaging, motivating, and maintaining employees to ensure the organizational survival (Schuler and Jackson, 1987). According to (Delery and Doty, 1996) HRM practices are prepared and implemented in a way that human capital plays important role in achieving the goals and objectives of the organization. The appropriate use of HRM practices strongly influence the standard of employer and the degree of employee commitment (Purcell, 2003). HRM practices like, training and development, performance appraisal allow the employees to do better in order to enhance the organizational performance (Snell and Dean, 1992; Pfeffer, 1998). Researchers have shaped compelling evidence for the fundamental relation between employee performance and how management acts with them (Boheene & Asuinura, 2011).
Communication is also another huge skill. A leader needs to be able to clearly communicate, build relationships, motivate others, inspire others, and be a role model to create a positive work environment and culture that will accept change and innovation in the company. Leaders also need to show everyone how to behave, and they need to be honest, show appreciation, and work towards a bright future. If a leader is not effective the whole company can fall apart. Leadership is all about the relationship between those that aim and strive to lead and those who select and follow them and work together on shared goals.
Employee engagement is a role the employees play in creating a resilient environment for the organization. Employee engagement means that workers are committed to their jobs and switched on at work. This role consists of Career contentment- employees are content with what they are doing, Feasible management- workers display leadership qualities and become more innovative. This encourages resilience as employees are problem solvers and more innovative. "Tesla encourages employee engagement by creating a dashboard that conveys results from a valuable anonymous internal survey that let workers share reviews and concerns to better understand employees.