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Psychotherapy And Effectiveness

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Effectiveness is defined as the degree to which objectives are achieved and the extent to which targeted problems are solved; the ability to be successful and produce the intended results (Cambridge). Effectiveness is determined without reference to costs and means "doing the right thing" while efficiency means "doing the thing right". Various meta-analysis established the effectiveness of CBT in depression (Hans and Hiller, 2013); Social Anxiety Disorders, General Anxiety Disorders, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Panic Disorder (Stewart and Chambless, 2009); Specific phobia (Wolitzky-Taylor, Horowitz, Powers, and Telch, 2008) in clinical settings. Findings from a meta analysis (Ebert, Carlotta Zarski, Christensen, Stikkelbroek et al, 2015)…show more content…
Psychotherapy is as effective as medication in treating depression and is more effective than medication in preventing relapse (DeRubeis, Siegle, & Hollon, 2008). Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) pertains to a class of interventions whose premise is that mental disorders and psychological distress are maintained by cognitive factors. Beck (1970) and Ellis (1962), were the pioneers Cognitive Behavioral Therapy approach of the core premise of holds that maladaptive cognitions contribute to the maintenance of emotional distress and behavioral problems. A review of meta-analytic studies by Hofmann, Asnaani, Vonk, Sawyer, and Fang (2012) examined the efficacy of CBT and it demonstrated that this treatment has been used for a wide range of psychological problems such as cannabis and nicotine dependence, schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders, depression, anxiety disorders, bulimia, insomnia, personality disorders, stress management and more studies being conducted to study its effectiveness. There is a well-established literature regarding effective cognitive behavioral therapy in treating mental health problems, specifically those utilizing face-to-face counseling. However, less people seek treatment not only a lack of treatment availability, but also reticence to seek help because of perceived stigma associated with mental illness, discomfort discussing mental health problems, and / or a preference…show more content…
The goal of T-CBT is to teach skills, such as behavioural activation, cognitive restructuring, and problem solving that help manage thoughts and behaviours that contribute to depression, improve skills in managing stressful life events, and resolve interpersonal difficulties. It is delivered via telephone without or minimal face to face contact with the
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