Other definitions would include that self-esteem acts like an insulator against stress  or it could refer to how we feel about ourselves and this could either be positive (high self-esteem) and negative (low self-esteem). Several factors can affect self-esteem such as satisfaction in our various relationships, performances, and appearance . It was found out that high self-esteem could be a factor for a healthy life, which is associated with emotional intelligence. Emotional intelligence is to be inter-correlated with emotional maturity where an individual is able to respond to uncertainties and varying environments in the most appropriate way . However, people with low self-esteem usually rely on their present situation to determine their current feeling or outlook in their selves.
Self-efficacy might be part of the Pygmalion effect by “persuasive influence” of others with “positive expectations”. Persuasion is a crucial source of information related to efficacy and is affected by credibility, agreement of multiple sources and knowledge of the source. Persuasive input can include ‘leader’s expectations’ of the efficacy of employees and is considered strong depending on the leader’s credibility. Therefore an employees’ self-efficacy can increase/decrease by the leader’s expectations. Locus of control, a motivational theory consists of both internal and external.
Self-Esteem Self-esteem is the appraisal of a person’s self. It is how we value ourselves; it is how we perceive our value to the world and how valuable we think we are to others. Self-esteem affects our trust in others, our relationships, and our work. A person’s self-esteem is so important that both high and low levels can be emotionally and socially harmful for the individual. Positive self-esteem gives us the quality and adaptability to assume responsibility of our lives and develop from our mistakes without the fear of rejection.
Introduction Core values are the important principles of a person or a society. These are the beliefs that guide and influence a person’s behavior. Core values are important because these help a person in being aware of oneself, setting goals, decision-making, communicating, and understanding and managing emotions (West, 2015). Self-confidence refers to the attitude that a person has towards oneself. It revolves in many different concepts; one of these is the belief in one’s skills and abilities.
Once we have a high efficacy belief we tend to deal with productively effectively by applying positive thinking when face with various situations, events and challenges. Due to that we achieve a high motivation and developed great confidence which lower our vulnerability to stress and depression. Where someone is known to have low in self-efficacy that individual is unable to control life events and have a tendency to shy away from difficult situations, which lowers our aspirations and commitment to goals; hence we develop a greater vulnerability to stress and depression. IN WHAT WAYS DOES SELF EFFICACY INFLUENCE PERFORMANCE IN SCHOOL? People operate both individually and collectively; likewise the concept of self-efficacy presents itself on a personal and social construct.
Base on analysis, that skill the most important observable fact in the study of human learning and behavior, Maslow creates a theory of learning. Maslow placed the accent on choice, inspiration, principles, self-realization, and characteristically human character and subjectively was more significant than objectively. Development of human potential, dignity, and worth are ultimate concern for Maslow. Maslow disagreed with behaviorist theory. Maslow seen and value human nature with goodness, nobility and reason unlike some theory views of human nature were negative One of the famous proposals of Maslow is human motivation which is base on the hierarchy of needs.
How to Boost Confidence in yourself One of factor to achieve success is to have self-confidence. Many people struggle to find assurance in themselves. As a human, self-confident is excessively crucial in practically every condition in our lives. There are two main things that contribute to the self-confidence it is self-efficacy and self-esteem. Self-efficacy is the belief in the ability of human beings in certain situation.
Some researchers investigated the relationship between self -esteem and academic achievement and found that high self-esteem facilitates academic achievement. Only a limited correlation was revealed between self-esteem and academic achievement(Pullmann & Allik, 2008). Several recent studies have attempted to investigate the direct relationship between self –esteem and academic achievement. According to the studies (Pullmann & Allik, 2008) low general self- esteem does not necessarily signal a poor academic achievement. Their result shows that low (not high) general self-esteem is a significant predictor of superior school performance.
Chapter I Introduction An individual’s self-esteem is one of the major factors in self-image or self-concepts and considered to be an important determinant in human behavior. As such self-esteem has been conceptualized and examined in a variety of ways in the educational, sociological and psychological contexts. Self-esteem according to Ferkany (2008) is “how a person feels about him or herself, good or bad, and as manifested in a variety of ways, for example, in pride or shame, but especially in self-confidence”. Possession of high self-esteem has positive behavioral benefits. These include independence, responsibility taking, and toleration of frustration, resistant to peer pressure, willingness to attempt new tasks and challenges, ability to handle positive and negative emotions, and willingness to offer assistance to others (Ferkany, 2008).
SECTION TWO : LOW SELF- ESTEEM 1-2-1 Definition of self-esteem : Research has offered that a student who feels self-complacent is more likely to succeed. As learners we have all experienced this feeling of being confident of our capacities to do something and this of course, has to do with a great desire, especially in academic setting. Thus, it can be said that second language acquisition it has a relation with psychology. Self-esteem is a psychological expression used to reflect a someone’s overall evaluation of his or her own worth. It refers to the evaluative and affective aspects of the self, to how "good" or "bad" we feel toward ourselves.