Another factor for imperialism was political competition. They felt as if they needed to feel superior to the other countries. The countries that held African colonies by 1914 were the British, French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Belgian, and the Spanish. France and Britain had captured the most African colonies. Although this was selfish, Europe gained wealth and power because of the imperialism.
Britain. The natural resources in Africa motivated European countries to take control of certain areas. The resources that fueled European imperialism were slave trade, and the mining of gold and diamonds. Europeans got all the resources from Africa cheap and then sold them with high prices. Beside having control over resources, Africa also gave Europeans strategic areas of land that helped their militaries or trade canals.
Europeans held Africans and the African culture lightly, they did not value anything of African descent Hrituleac (2011). Lephakga (2015), mentions the philosophical measure that the Europeans applied which were ego conquiro (I conquer, therefore I am sovereign), which was followed by ego cogito (I think), these measures formed part of the European process of socialisation and they were both particularly introduced because they gave a moral justification for colonialism. These measures enhanced their beliefs of superiority and justified them to invade and dispossess those who lacked that kind of superiority. One of their greatest moral justifications in terms of civilising Africa was “The White Man’s Burden”, which was a poem written by Rudyord
European expansion into Africa created great controversy. Within approximately half of a century, Europeans had gained control of all African lands except for Ethiopia and Liberia, (Doc. 4). By taking their land and power, European nationalism had occupied full control of the continent. Technology also played an important role in the removal of many occupations.
The driving force behind European imperialism in Africa is resources. Africa provided resources that the European countries desperately needed. You see, there was competition in Africa among the European countries, technology development increased, and power gain. These reasons may sound complicated, but it’s actually quite simple each reason
Economic were more of a driving force because they were in need for natural resources for them to improve technology and their nation. Europeans wanted African resources like rubber and oil.They also wanted to create new markets for their goods that would lead them to great wealth for their nation. Several European industries benefited from African resources. Cotton, rubber, oil, zinc , coffee, gold, diamonds, peanuts, bananas, cocoa, sisal, ivory and gum were exported(Doc D). Out of all these resources they made lots of products and made money off of it.
Things Fall Apart Whether British Imperialism in Africa was good or bad is still a hot topic today, despite the fact that it happened a century ago. Imperialism is when the Europeans invaded Africa and colonized it and forced their culture onto the natives. Even though there were definitely some positive effects for Africans, the effects of imperialism in Africa were mostly negative; borders weren't placed well, native Africans were made as slaves, and religion was forced upon them. Some positive results are the following: Europeans brought new crops, some political stability, education/ literacy, and better medical care including hospitals and medicines. These were indeed beneficial to the African people, but the long term negative consequences
2. One of the key impact/effects of the European colonial rule in Africa was the integration of African economies into a global capitalist economy. Drawing from your textbook and discussions, explore the transformations of the African economy during the colonial rule. Be sure to discuss such sectors as agriculture, transportation, mining and labor. The systematic expansion of the Europeans which involves the control of territory and people across the world is what is known as “colonialism”.
The European powers only had the slave trade with the Africans along the shores of West Africa and African leaders still ruled most continent. According to Saul David, “Until the 19th century, Britain and the other European powers confined their imperial ambitions in Africa to the odd coastal outpost from which they could exert their economic and military influence…. As late as the 1870s, only 10% of the continent was under direct European control....” Joshua D. Settles in his research titled The Impact of Colonialism on African Economic Development also indicates that African economies were advancing in various fields, especially in the trade aspect. Nonetheless, everything changed in the late 1900s. With the development of technology and the discovery of quinine, the European powers started to expand their territories in Africa.
Following these high needs, the Europeans colonized the African lands for their raw goods. However, they also looked to spread their religious and cultural values to people that they viewed as inferiors. The effects of the growing imperialism in Africa was illustrated in