This make it a good source of information. This is why journals are a high valued source of research. (https://www.hope.ac.uk/media/liverpoolhope/contentassets/documents/library/help/media,12430,en.pdf) Books: Books are a great source of information for researchers. They are mostly based on facts, but also give us great information on different theory’s which can give you a better insight into topic, and help develop opinions. e-resources: This is good for research because you can search for a particular area.
Through this, the company can give their product to test customers response under real life conditions. The company can improve the product or services, adjust the prices and also improve the packaging. (Research Optimus, 2018) Once the primary data collection is complete, the researcher will gather qualitative and quantitative information and put the data in the tabular format for clear understanding and knowledge. Researcher can also make the chart on the basis of the data collected. The company may take necessary action on the product or services and modify the same.
The secondary analysis has its own difficulties. To access and link the data from large complex databases is not an easy matter. Many times the researcher has to create assumption about the data, and the variables. Perhaps more importantly, when a researcher uses the secondary data he/she often not familiar about the problems has occurred in the collection of the data when it was
Most of them are associated with receiving or giving payment or obtaining or giving benefit or service illegally. However, it can also involve influence peddling through, for example, hidden financial relationships and campaign contributions that make those in public office “divert resources to benefit well-connected at the expense of the public interest”.2 The United Nations includes embezzlement (exploitation of position to steal public money) or any forms of misappropriation of public money, fraud, extortion, illicit enrichment, abuse of functions, nepotism, and exploiting conflict of interest as corruption.3 While many agree that corruption is damaging to the progress of a nation, accurately measuring the level of corruption and its cost to the country is a notoriously difficult task. To measure the level of corruption is difficult due to its secretive nature. Using the number of corruption cases reported to anti-corruption agency, or the number of corruption cases investigated and prosecuted does not give us the actual level of corruption and does not inform us whether the corruption level in a country has increased or decreased. An increase in the number of corruption cases reported, for example, does not necessarily indicate an increase in the actual incidence of corruption because it
Definitely, this research will help me to enhance my professionalism as it will provide insight on this topic. Findings of my research will be beneficial for me as I can use as a reference for reflecting and rethinking on my own practice. It can also work as an important reference for the civil society of my country and abroad. Thus, I agree with Kothari (2004) that research is the foundation of knowledge and it is a significant source of providing guidelines to solve different problems which occur in the community, societies, and country itself. Research is a proper guidance which enables one to understand the new developments in one’s field in a better way.
2 Perhaps the most important aspect of scientific research is its provability. A scientific research should be repeatable, and to be repeatable, it has to fulfill various aspects, such as having “empirical, focused questions, a careful record-keeping , and an accurate and honest reports of the findings.”(Bouma&Atkinson, 1996) The research question has to limit its scope by mentioning the details. Listing the factors and conditions which have to do with the matter at hand helps focus the question and convey the exact context of the research to the reader. When the factors are listed, it can ben seen which facts have been looked into, and being facts, they can be looked into again by anyone. This is the characteristic of what we call “facts”.
Based on the information, data has to be put together in order to determine the relevance and usefulness of the information collected. Data obtained from a survey can be used for both descriptive and analytical studies. The information obtained from the research tools have to be valid. Validity exists when the data actually measures what they are supposed to represent. If the data fails to do so, it is misleading and should be neglected.
It doesn’t limit the research study and leaves room for greater understanding of the topic. This method doesn’t adhere to strict data collection methods. Instead, researchers “develop flexible ways to perform data collection, subsequent analysis and interpretation of collected information; yielding results that can be helpful in
Primary sources are the raw materials of your own research. While results and previous findings on a thesis or research, are what we call the secondary sources. Tertiary sources are those books and articles based on secondary sources, on the research of others. (Barad,
This however has an impact on originality of research since researchers may not be able to obtain primary data which is rich in content and detail for a research. There may also be the issue of occupational stigmatization where the domain of a researcher’s study may attract public ridicule or may be seen to venture into unacceptable terrains (Plummer, 1981; Troiden, 1989). Adding to this, the works of researchers who investigate sensitive topics are trivialized (Lee, 1993: 9). Adding to the above, researchers may be sidelined from receiving promotions at their jobs places due to fears of controversies that may arise due to their research