Accordingly, this can lead to numerous impacts, from trivial matters to devastating issues. In many cases, children are misused as a medium for cheap labour. They are paid very low wages and are also treated like slaves, such as cruelly punishing them for errors and straining them to work for long periods. As a result, they are not provided with proper health care, which consequently, causes malnutrition in some situations. The Human Rights Watch observes, “In June 2007, 500 middle school children in the western territory of Sichuan were found actively in work for 14 hours in a factory in Dongguan, Guangdong Province, as part of their summer employment.
Child labour has been happening since the beginning of the industrial revolution when factories were first introduced. The working conditions unfitting for children with large and dangerous machinery, long work days and very little break time. It is said that child labour was crucial during the Industrial Revolution for it to succeed. By the early 1800s, England had employed over a million child workers. "Factory owners were looking for cheap, malleable and fast-learning work forces – and found them ready-made among the children of the urban workhouses," states Professor Jane Humphries from Oxford.
Children as young as six years old during the industrial revolution worked hard hours for little or no pay. Children sometimes worked up to 19 hours a day, with a one-hour total break. This was a little bit on the extreme, but it was not common for children who worked in factories to work 12-14 hours with the same minimal breaks. Not only were these children subject to long hours, but also, they were in horrible conditions. There’s large, heavy, and dangerous equipment was very common for children to be using or working near.
Child labor exists even though laws eliminate it. There are many reasons that cause child labor: Poverty and unemployment levels are high – As you see, the most of employed children work in less developed countries by economy. In such countries poor families and children may rely upon child labor in order to improve their chances of attaining basic necessities. According to U.N statistics more than one-fourth of the people around the world live in poverty that is caused by the high unemployment levels. Free education is limited – U.N estimated that approximately 75 million children were not attending school.
Throughout the world, Child labour is part of the structure of formal and informal economy. Many types of work are done by children including agricultural work, domestic service, home based work, work in factories and shops, street selling, mining and quarrying, construction, commercial sex work, and wide range of other activities. (UNICEF 2006) . According to the ILO world report on Child labor, 2015, 168 million children remain trapped in child labour all over the world. Evidence from ILO School-to-Work Transition Survey (SWTS) programme indicates that between 20 and 30 % of adolescents and young adults in the low-income countries included in the School-to-Work Transition Survey programme complete their labour market transition by the age of 15 years.
Child Labor Child labor is one of the most significant issues in numerous developing nations. According to the International Labor Organization estimates, there are 351.7 million economically active children on the planet 210.8 million aged 5–14, and 140.9 million aged 15–17 years. About 170 million of these children are included in dangerous work 111 million aged 5–14; 59 million aged 15–17 (Tiwari & Saha 2014). child labor refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their capacity to go to school, and that is socially, mentally, physically or ethically harmful and dangerous. child labor support and its results have dependably been a great interest for financial aspects.
3.14 Studies of Child Labour in Lock Industries of Aligarh Two studies on child labour in the Lock making units of Aligarh (UP) are available. These are: a) Report of Child Labour in the Lock Industry of Aligarh (UP) – by Neera Burra – UNDP Prepared for UNICEF (March 1987). b) A Study of Problem of Child Labour in the Lock Making Industry if Aligarh (UP) – by Bimal Kumar and Geeta Biswas of the G.P. Pant Social Science Institute Allahabad – 1992. Of the two studies, the first one is conducted in a dialectical style and is therefore, for more appealing than the second.
Poverty also makes of the child a cheep goodie that pulls in the executives, and henceforth expanding the unemployment rates among grown-ups. They are considered as preferred laborers over grown-ups in light of the fact that they are more dutiful and less demanding to control, acknowledge lower wages. Poverty is the root cause of child labor in Egypt. Roughly 17 percent of the populace lives in poverty with right around 12 million individuals experiencing issues meeting their fundamental needs. Country Upper Egypt is the poorest area with 34 percent of the populace in need.
They had to work 12-18 hours a day, 6 days a week, to earn their living. The children of the poor people were expected to contribute towards the family budget, often working long hours in dangerous jobs for low pay earning 10–30% of an adult male 's wage. In India, children used to help and accompany their parents in agricultural and other household activities in ancient times. Thus we see that child labour is not quite a new thing to the world. By 1900, an estimated 1.7 million children under the age of fifteen were employed in the American industry.