Africa is typically thought of as being a continent full of violence and revolution. This concept may have originated from the poor treatment of Africans by the rest of the world through colonization, forced labor in Africa, and the enslaving of Africans in other regions of the world. The danger and violence that stemmed from many countries gaining independence and experiencing political upheaval has been thwarted by peacekeeping efforts from outside agencies, like the United Nations. Africa has had a violent past, but only because of the exploitation by the Europeans, and eventually Americans. Ultimately, their ethnocentrism led to violence and the stereotype of danger in Africa.
From the 1870’s to 1900’s, Britain had one of the largest and most powerful armies in the world. With that sort of potential, it would’ve been a mistake not to colonize Africa. Taking control of the tip of Africa was extremely strategic of Britain, as from there they could control the trading routes and begin settling for future invasions and in the end, colonization. Also, the new Capitalist society forming because of Britain’s industrial revolution developed social problems many obvious social problems. The gap between the rich and the poor was larger than ever, and homelessness was on the rise as cities became extremely dense and overpopulated.
.The problem that creates misunderstanding and human rights are multiplying day by day. Nigeria is a very diverted nation probably one of the most divested nations or countries in Africa as a whole .our diversity includes culture, religion, believes, ethnic groups, even geographical sectioning (north& south). in Nigeria our diversity as been battled my many scholars either it’s a course or a blessing looking at some pros and cons. I would say that our diversity some time is our strength and other times our weakness.right now the problem theta us in nigeria are facing the most would be the religion ascept of our diversity”book haram” but that doesn’t mean were not still suffering from other suitawatons like Empirically, the main menace to national security in Nigeria since the transition from military to civil rule in 1999 has been Religious violent behavior, by some Islamic sects in the northern Nigeria (boko haram) – there main attack has been particularly on Bornu, Kano and Bauchi States. These reasons for the Islamists in engaging in
Growing up here in Africa, I realized many people round the globe, including Africans had accepted the perspective that, Africa is a poor continent, a domain people pity. This perception was well-rooted, to the extent that the Economist published an Article in 2000, dubbing Africa as ‘The Hopeless Continent’. Over time this perception and ideology changed. Now something that seemed impossible is occurring, the ‘Hopeless’ continent is now seen as a ‘Hopeful’ continent. This transformation has been named ‘Africa Rising’, describing the rapid economic growth (in GDP) of Africa.
Jhingan,( 1997). It is not an uncommon saying that no country can grow without adequate development of its human resources Human capital accumulation has been described as a strategic stimulant capable of contributing to more efficient management and development of the national economy. (Cypher, J. M. and Dietz, J. L, 2004). There is no doubt that Nigeria is endowed with enormous human and natural resources which if efficiently harnessed and managed will ensure that Nigeria's immense potentials are realized. It is sad that after over fifty years of nationhood, Nigeria is still in the league of the least developed nations of the
The Niger Delta is basically the area in which petroleum production takes place in Nigeria. The Federal Government of Nigerian government through various multinational oil corporations has earned billions of dollars from the oil extracted from the Niger Delta. The people of the Niger Delta however complain that they have not seen adequate benefits; rather oil production has cost them dearly in terms of environmental degradation and underdevelopment. This has made them to engage in various forms of campaigns and protests against the Nigerian government and the oil companies. These protests and campaigns were always associated with military repression and gross human rights violations by both civilian and military regimes.
There was a death of good governance throughout the period of military regime in Nigeria. During this period that lasted over two decades, Nigeria witnessed a high level of subversion of rule of law, lack of accountability and transparency, military dictators were not responsive to the plight of the masses, public officials are not efficient and effective and more importantly, the masses did not participate in the decision-making process. This scenario created economic backwardness throughout the military regime. Nigeria return to democratic governance gave strong hope and promise as regards to good governance due to strong synergy democratic regimes have with good governance. After over decade of democratic practice in Nigeria, the hope and promises seems to have eluded Nigerians because a critical look at the Mo Ibrahim Governance
There are many factors contributing to the poverty of Africa, such as natural resources, conflicts caused by religious division, landlocked geographic environments and ethnic divergence, In addition, most severely, languages, bad policies and execution. This chapter focuses on the causes of Africa’s underdevelopment and on the legacies of colonisation, of course, we can’t blame all to this on Europe but the basis is colonization and its legacy. There, are many works in the literature Revealing existing African problems and possible factors causing those problems and thus preventing African countries’ economic growth. The causes of slow African growth has offered many different explanations. 3.1 THE COLONIAL LEGACY ON THE AFRICA’S UNDERDEVELOPMENT From the 16th century to 1921, 84 % of the earth had been under the sphere of influences of colonial powers.
War can be defined as a state of armed conflict between different nations or states. Political and ethnic causes are among the top causes of war in Africa. This is because Africa has some of the weakest states institutions, there is also elite political power struggles, a feeling of political exclusion, corruption and identity politics. African countries in general struggle in understanding which ideology they stand for. This is after the cold war impact where nations aligned themselves according to the ideologies they stood for.
Development is the primary goal of every well meaning government, and it is essentially dependent on the level of economic activities in a country. The level of economic activities is in turn enhanced by peaceful coexistence by the people. But Nigeria in the last fifty-five (55) years has been battling with the problems of development in spite of the huge human, material and natural resources in her possession, as a result of conflicts in the country. Boroface (2008) claimed that “conflict generally occurs when two or more people, communities or nations oppose one another as a