From the time that World War II ended in 1945 through 1991, The United States of America (USA) and its once World War II allie, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR or the Soviet Union),were engaged in 46 years Cold War. The Cold War was not a fighting war, but a war of ideas (Capitalism versus Communism). In the Cold War the The United States of America was trying to contain communism while the Soviet Union was trying to spread communism. This all started with Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels who created a book called Das Kapital in 1867. The book talks about how capitalism would collapse and communism will take over.
The aid program that developed through this ‘was portrayed as part of the global struggle between democracy and dictatorship (Kissinger, 1994, 117).’ The Truman Doctrine was symbolic as it marked the feeling the Soviets as the menacing opposition, and insisted that the US ‘would act only in cases where her vital interests were at stake (Drockrill, 1988, 41).’ As a foreign policy decision, it is not directly clear how the United States would benefit from spending $400 million to aid Greece and Turkey, apart from containing the further spread of Communism. Gaddis, a Cold War revisionist, discusses the economic foreign policy decisions by arguing that America’s actions ‘approximated the Leninist model of imperialism (2007, 172),’ and that is using aggressive means in order to push its capitalist
By using this film, I will be examining this incident in American history, and how it affected American society and culture, by analyzing the themes of prejudice, freedom of expression, and patriotism. The movie, Trumbo, takes place during a time in history known as the Cold War in which the "Democratic" United States and the "Communist" Soviet Union were involved in an intense rivalry over major economic and political clashes. Within American society, there was a general belief that the way of life in the United States was far superior to that of the Soviet Union, and it ended up creating a culture that reflected that. Due to the fact that the Soviets had a reputation for carrying out spy activities, a fear arose among Americans that the
The Reagan Doctrine of 1985 is a phrase used that describes former President Ronald Reagan’s foreign policy. The goal of this policy was to defeat Communism, and weaken the Soviet Union through a process known as “roll-back”. Under the Reagan Doctrine, the United States gave covert and overt aid to resistance movements and groups to roll-back Soviet-backed Communist movements and governments in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. In addition to defeating the Soviet influence, the Reagan doctrine also aimed to strengthen the American people and reduce their reliance on the Government. The policies under this doctrine are what caused the global decrease of Soviet influence, improved relations with the Soviet Union, strengthened the American
After the World War II there was a lot of tension between the superpowers of the world. The universal goal was to maintain peace and ensuring post-war security, but each side had a different way of getting on with their ambitions. The democratic states tried to expand democracy throughout the world to make it easier to discuss their divergencies. As for the Soviets, they believed that by expanding their territory and controlling the countries that bordered them, they’d achive greater security. So they took control of most of Eastern Europe countries and imposed communism.
The 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan entailed a deterioration of relations between the Cold War protagonists. In parallel, (neo)realism became the dominating IR tradition following the publication of Kenneth Waltz’ (1979) Theory of International Politics (Jackson and Sørensen 2010, 44-45; Walt 1998, 31). The CPE thesis came under fire. Hedley Bull (1982, 152-157) delivered the most influential critique, as he argued that, without a credible military clout, the European Community would remain but a ball in the US-Soviet game. Scholars writing on CPE during the remainder of the Cold War were preoccupied with debating the usefulness of “a civilian power in a rather uncivilian world” (Pijpers 1998, 162).
The Truman Doctrine was proclaimed by President Harry Truman who wanted to end the era of isolation that America had adopted after the Second World War. In the immediate aftermath of the war, Greece was faced with a crisis where communists were trying to take over the government. The crisis escalated into a civil war and the Truman administration felt it needed to intervene by sending military support. According to the Truman administration, the United States would always respond to support people that resisted from being taken over by armed minorities. This decision was essentially the beginning of the Cold War.
The Cold War was a period characterised by the pervasive ideological conflict between communism and capitalism and the global uncertainty this produced. It stemmed from the horror of WWII, in particular the Holocaust as well as the devastation of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in the wake of the atomic bomb. The sheer scale and inhumanity of these atrocities spurred a global shift in thinking, forcing people to reevaluate their understanding of a world in which such horrors could readily occur. For many this in turn led to a sense of moral confusion and universal meaninglessness, exemplified in the resurgence of philosophies like existentialism, nihilism and absurdism. In other words, metanarratives like religion and science had been unable to prevent the horrors of WWII, or create a better society afterwards, and these philosophies appealed to the sense of failure and confusion that this induced, justifying the chaos by declaring it meaningless.
In June 1948, the Soviet Union blocked roads and railroads that led to West Berlin. The United States, Great Britain Second cause or factor that triggered the cold war is because US and Soviet Union want dominant the world (Rana, 2009). Each of the Superpowers saw the other as a threat to its continued survival. That’s why they want to take over other countries as a step to preserve their interest. Besides that, both countries had adopted several strategies to preserve
The third chapter discusses George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty- Four as a dystopian novel. The publication of the novel Nineteen Eighty-Four has won him name and fame. The novel is a frightening portrait of a totalitarian society where love is punished, privacy is lost and truth is distorted. He uses a grim tone to differentiate from his other novel Animal Farm which is a satire on the communist government of the Soviet Union under Stalin. Nineteen Eighty-Four is written in the custom of the Utopian novel, and is perhaps best defined as a dystopian novel, literally the opposite of a perfect society.