Student’s Name Course Code Lecturer Due Date Economics of Corruption Corruption in an economic system starts at a macro-level. Growth of corruption and increasing presence in communities often affects entire systems of governance and produces negative effects on the gross productivity in a country. In addition, the aspect of gross inefficiency from the incidence of corruption has a frictional effect on economic development. Therefore, corruption practices such as bribery have a huge significance on the economic prospects of the developing countries. Kenya is one such country where corruption practices are rampant.
However, corruption has also attracted much attention from other social sciences, particularly from political scientists, and more recently from anthropologists and sociologists. In order to understand corruption, one cannot overlook the importance of political factors. Originally, it was thought that corruption was due to deficiencies in the political system, and particularly in the “democratic deficit”. It was viewed that corruption was caused by a political system that was lacking democratic checks and balances, accountability and transparency. The relationship between corruption and democracy is fundamentally understood as the less democracy there is, the more rampart corruption is.
How Corrupt Governments Affect Their Citizens The fundamental purpose of the establishment of democracy was to create a fair and just ruling for all citizens. However, in many nations around the world, corruption has seeped through and infiltrated the workings of the government. Countries such as, North Korea, Sudan, and Somalia are filled illegal acts that facilitate lawless societies, restrict their economic growth, and create strife among citizens. North Korean citizens live under totalitarian control with restricted freedom and lack of expression. While in Sudan and Somalia, a lack of unbiased guidelines gives corrupt individuals the freedom to misuse their power.
Without corruption in the LTO and traffic enforcers, public transport drivers could have been disciplined and earning more. Without corruption, the state could have put up more industries that produce more necessary products and generate more employment and could have checked poverty. Without poverty, people could have been busy with livelihood activities and if they were busy, they could have had fewer children to feed. Corruption and unemployment are the principal causes of poverty in the Philippines. Corruption and unemployment are a social cancer, affecting the country economically.
(Coronel, 2004) said that corruption worsens income equity and poverty where instead of helping the poor and the needy, the government or the governmental institutions to be specific seek to largely contribute to services which is not even used and is not that relevant or is used by the people. Corruption also is said to damage the legitimacy and democracy of the government where citizens become suspicious towards the intentions of the authority. As (Johnston, 1997) stated, corruption begets bad politics, and bad politics begets further corruption; where politics and corruption as viewed nowadays are intertwined. Corruption is said to endanger public order and safety, where the laws are being bent and the people are not regulating the forces of the government which leads to massive riots and slow decline of governmental
Lately there has been discussions going on about the substandard act of corruption that is at high prevalence in our society and there is a concern on the impact it may have on our development in Namibia. What is corruption? This is an act of misuse of power usually political for the benefit of private gain. According to the (Business Dictionary, 2016), “Wrongdoing on the part of an authority or powerful party through means that are illegitimate, immoral, or incompatible with ethical standards. Corruption often results from patronage and is associated with bribery.” I strongly agree to the fact that it led to the bane of sustainable development in Namibia.
TOPIC NAME: EFFECT OF CORRUPTION IN PAKISTAN INTRODUCTION Corruption is a major cause and a result of poverty around the world. It occurs at all levels of society, from local and national governments, civil society, judiciary functions, business military and other services. Corruption affects the poorest the most, in rich or poor nations, though all elements of society are affected in some way as corruption undermines political development, democracy, economic development, the environment, people’s health and more. Corruption refers to moral impurity, but the concept of corruption has changed over time and varies across cultures and different authority working with. What is corruption?’ explains that a significant problem in combating corruption is that analysts cannot agree
History is replete with examples of widespread corruption in the developing countries as well as in the advanced countries like America, U.K, and France. So the issue of corruption is not peculiar to our country alone and it is a universal problem and has engaged the attention of the people even in the past also. But since there is a saddest failure on our part in controlling corruption, there is an inordinate increase and spread of corruption
Name: Title: Instructions: Topic: Corruption on Government Officials Introduction Corruption is the misconduct or use of entrusted power by a person for private gain, especially wealth. This can be in the form of bribery, favor and illegal award of contracts, nepotism and failure of adhering to procurement laws set by the governments (Fitzgerald, 2015). Corruption is a vice that has hurt many developments in different states especially in developing countries. Unethical government officials who collaborate with colleagues in private sector or within the government agencies to deprive the governments billions of dollars, through nonprocedural procurement process in awarding of contracts, taking bribes to employ their friends or relatives and
Unfortunately, the industry does not only have beneficial impacts. The constantly increasing industry is destroying the Nigerian environment, because of pollution. Furthermore, there are corrupt politicians in the Nigerian government who are exploiting the revenue from the industry. Not surprisingly, there is a lot of corruption in the private sector as well. How has all this corruption affected Nigeria and what can be done to solve this?