The high demand for more farmland helps drive the need to cut down more trees, which in turn, contributes to deforestation. Tropical forests have the highest impact rate when it comes to deforestation due to agriculture. In the tropics, only the topsoil is highly fertile, so when the nutrient-rich soil is gone, people cut down more trees to find more fertile topsoil. Tropical forests lose thousands of acres daily due to agricultural use. One way people take out trees for agriculture us is a process called “slash and burn”.
Deforestation increases the water evaporation to the atmosphere. Cloud can form by the process evapotransporation from the forest. If the trees in the forest are cut down, the evapotranspiration will affect the cloud formation and wind movement that help in regulating the temperature. Furthermore, increase evapotranspiration indirectly reduce the moisture circulation surrounding the soil and increase of the rainfall that control the temperature of the atmosphere. The precipitation will increase extremely and cause the land become dryer.
1.0 Introduction Tropical forest known as one of the greatest bastions of biodiversity in this planet receives a major threat poses by rapid deforestation. Biodiversity face the greatest global threat due to the intensification and expansion of agriculture (Tilman, 2001; Donald, 2004 & Green, 2005). The process of breaking up large patches of forest into smaller part is called forest fragmentation (Brown & Jacobson, 2005). Small fragments of forest typically exist after deforestation, urbanization, or other modified lands that are totally unsuitable for most species that occupied in the forest whether by nature or design. These phenomena may reduce biodiversity by making it more difficult for some species to either breed or find food (Wade, 2003).
This report is written to examine the effects of deforestation on the development countries as there have been many arguments on whether deforestation benefits or bring harms to the countries. Deforestation is a process whereby trees are felled for several purposes but without replanting to replace the ones felled (Aina & Salau 1992 cited in Ebenezer 2015). Scientists estimated that since 1960, due to deforestation, one third of the world’s useful land had lost (Bradford 2015). By the late 1980s, it was forecasted that two fifth of the global rain forests had already been destroyed (Stanford 1990). Deforestation brings many effects either to society or country.
The Devastating Environmental Effects of Deforestation The government enacting stricter conservation laws helps end deforestation problems such as the destruction of wildlife, forest fires, flooding, and increasing global temperatures. With the population rising quickly, demand is rising globally for biofuels, food, and living space(“The World”2). Deforestation is there to solve the problem, but not without a hefty cost. As of 2013, every minute on earth 50 football fields of forest vanishes do to the clearing of trees, possibly for products such as paper or wooden furniture (Environment News Service. 2).
Land development activities that carried out in Malaysia have caused huge impacts on the environment. Rhett A. Butler (2013), according to a new global forest map, he stated that Malaysia had the world`s highest rate of forest loss or deforestation rate between years 2000 and 2012. The total forest loss in Malaysia during the period amounted to 14.4% of its year 2000 forest cover. If the loss is translated to square miles, it became an area larger than the country of Denmark. Through this we can realise that the problem of deforestation is really very serious.
Over the last fifty years, deforestation levels have massively increased. In 1980 rainforests covered about 14% of the world, and now they cover only a mere 6%. The rainforests in Brazil are equally decreasing. So considering the resurgence of deforestation practices in Brazil and the world, the United Nations should regulate deforestation to protect the world 's largest rainforest and the life that depends on it. The effects of climate change, biodiversity, and human life inside the rainforest are the most important reasons for regulation of deforestation.
The development of palm oil has led to environmental and social issues o Deforestation of Indonesian Rainforests has led to the release of carbon emissions into the atmosphere contributing to climate change and making Indonesia the world’s third largest emitter of greenhouse gases. o Loss of biodiversity caused by forest conversion has led to a decline in the population of endangered species such as the orangutans mainly due to habitat loss. o Conflicts of landownership and lack of access to forest resources; mainly for the locals who depend solely on the rainforests for their livelihoods. III. A Possible solution to reducing the negative impacts is Ecotourism o Case study: Successful development of ecotourism in Costa Rica ecotourism is used as a conservation strategy to protect natural ecosystems while generating money for local
The macroinvertebrate community responds to substrate parameters such as particle size and embeddedness, which directly affect benthic habitat. These findings reveal that the macroinvertebrates are responding to sedimentation (Spindler). Riparian vegetation is an important component of the river. It is significant in contributing shade for the river against sunlight that resulted in maintaining the water temperature that is suitable for organisms’ survival. The roots of the riparian vegetation are also significant for it sips most of the nutrient pollutants dissolved in groundwater before reaching the river.
This is because, the more biodiversity preserved, the more plants there are to absorb the excessive CO2 that the humans make in their daily human activities and industrial processes, such as, driving a car, deforestation, and factory work, these all have global effects. In the Amazon rainforest, rain has always been the key to the rich diversity of life. However, nowadays, scientists claim that due to global warming, the rains the nourish the amazons will very likely diminish. In around 2001, results were released regarding climate change, that 2 and a half degrees will increase in average global temperature, and will be the beginning of Amazon dieback. In 2015, it has been claimed that the Amazon rainforest is taking up a third less carbon than a decade ago.