Effects Of Deforestation In Malaysia

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What is deforestation? Will deforestation aggravate the damages of the environment? Does deforestation really bring benefits to human beings? According to Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (2017), deforestation can be defined as, “the act of cutting down or burning the trees in an area.” In order to enhance economic growth, deforestation has been carried out aggressively in Malaysia for the plantations of rubber and palm oil (Blakkarly, 2015). The research made by University of Maryland has stated, “Malaysia has one of the highest rates of deforestation in the world” (Blakkarly, 2015). However, the rate of deforestation is faster than the rate of forest reconstruction. Hence, deforestation has brought three major effects to Malaysia which are severe flooding, global warming and extinction of flora and fauna.
First and foremost, deforestation plays a paramount role in the severe flooding occurred in Malaysia. Forestry area is often described as a sponge because the roots of the plants will absorb water from the soil, causing the soil to become drier, so it may able to store more rainwater. At the same time, the roots will hold the sediment in place. However, deforestation will disrupt this cycle. Without the plants, rainwater will flow into the river at a faster rate and the sediment will be free to wash (Bradford, 2015; Butler, 2015). Consequently, soil erosion will occur. The eroded soil will flow into the rivers and increase the level of the riverbeds. As a result, the

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