Effects Of Environmental Pollution In Malaysia

1992 Words8 Pages
1.1. BACKGROUND INFORMATION It is well known that environmental pollution is a product of urbanization and technology aided by overpopulation, industrialization and mobilization that are crucial for the developing countries and not excluded happened in Malaysia. The pollution rates in urban areas are generally higher than in rural areas. The increasing number of factories that are built in order to fulfil the need of development in some areas has been the main cause of environmental pollution to air, water, soil, and noise pollution. Pollution can come from many sources; point sources or non-point sources including biological contaminants, chemical contaminants or physical contaminants. Heavy metal contamination that can contaminate the environment from the industrial effluents and discharges are classified under chemical contaminants. Industrial effluents can be defined as liquid waste or wastewater produced by reason of production processes by the industries. Heavy metal contamination released from industrial effluent to the environment can cause many consequences to human beings and other living organisms. Heavy metals refer to any metallic chemical element that has a relatively high density and is toxic or poisonous at low concentrations including Mercury (Hg), Lead (Pb), Cadmium (Cd), Chromium (Cr), Copper (Cu), and Zinc (Zn) (Victor 2013). Heavy metals that contaminate the environment reduced quality of environment that later harm the living organisms. However,
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