Effects Of Forced Migration In Africa

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REFUGEEES AND FORCED MIGRATION IN AFRICA Final Semester Paper 2 NANA AMA BOA-AMPONSEM SPRING 2015 The trends and challenges in the forced displacement of people in the past decades have shifted the issue beyond its previously perceived humanitarian nature to now, having great impacts on development in many regions of the world, particularly in Africa. Over the last years, Africa’s development agenda has received massive international attention and recognition and the continent which once was the world’s “problem child”, has evolved economically, socially, and I daresay, politically. This evolution has shifted the international outlook of the continent and spurred it towards an overall development. The Economist, in the article headlined “Africa’s…show more content…
He particularly mentioned that humanitarians could only help relieve the pain inflicted by these circumstances without dealing with the root cause. This statement reinforces previous reports by scholars on the issue that, this extremely complex dilemma of forced migration requires solutions that stretch far beyond the humanitarian sphere (Talviste, Williamson, & Zeidan, 2012). It is imperative to create solutions, not simply humanitarian ones, but development-related solutions, and act on them immediately. In light of this, it is extremely appropriate that, forced migration and its most pertinent root causes, in the words of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, the never-ending wars and conflicts, are dutifully examined in relation to shaping Africa’s development agenda for this 21st century. The effects of displacement can last a lifetime and beyond, damaging the prospects of future generations. For many displaced people in the world, the experience can result in a permanent loss of livelihood or employment opportunities, and can turn into chronic destitution (Amos,…show more content…
The forced displacement of persons rids the affected countries of vibrant, energetic people who could greatly have affected development. Beyond the effects on employment and improved economic conditions, forced displacement has its harsh psychological effects on displaced persons. A survey conducted on Congolese adolescents to highlight the implications of the experience of forced displacement concluded that “as IDPs are highly exposed to violence and daily stressors, they report most psychological distress, when compared to returnees and non-displaced peers” (Mels, Derluyn, Broekaert, & Rosseel, 2010). The effect of this is a deficiency in the way of thinking of this group, which is sure to have repercussions on growth, development and progress, if these persons are indeed the future of the

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