Throughout the past century, there has been a constant battle with whether the government should allow fracking or not. Stopping the process of fracking is the voice of the people. Fracking brings many groups of people together that are either for it or against it. However, the government has the power to continue to allow fracking or ban it. Even though the government has power, the people have the power to use their voice to stop fracking.
Hydraulic fracturing has helped the economy in some ways. For example fracking has created over 60,000 new jobs such as drillers, pipe fitters, electricians and engineers for our communities. In Pennsylvania, New York, West Virginia and Texas together have enough natural gas to power the entire United States for 110 years because of fracking. In some ways fracking is good for the economy like for example, it gives all Americans a clean, inexpensive source of fuel, and helps the growth of the economy.
There have been over 1,000 documented cases of water contamination next to areas of gas drilling. This Type of pollution cause many health issues for human such as rashes, stomach or liver illness, respiratory problems and Neurological affects. In some extreme cases the pollution can cause death to some humans. Fracking has huge consequential hazards to the public health and the environment, and many have long term effects. In June 2014 the Public Health published a review of the public health impacts of exposures to chemical and radioactive pollutants, the result of shale gas extraction in the UK was based on the examination of literature and data from countries where fracking had already occurred.
Thesis statement The benefits of natural gas hydraulic fracking do not justify the adverse effects it causes through continuous earthquakes, pollution of the water table, or potential health hazards to human populations. This subject is interesting to me because I work for a natural gas company. I have had many conversations with other employees regarding natural gas fracking, and most of them are biased to the views of the drilling companies which means they do not see any harm in it. There also used to be companies fracking for natural gas in Arkansas on the Fayetteville Shell. The number of small earthquakes did rise (3.0 or smaller), but there was nothing resulting in a large amount of devastation.
Fracking is one of the best ways to get natural resources. “Fracking is a process of drilling down into the earth before a high-pressure water mixture is directed at the rock to release the gas inside” (Unknown). Adversaries of fracking will say that it is dangerous, use up our water supply, and poison our water supply, but that is not totally true, fracking will bring in more money, save money, and will make the air cleaner and safer. Fracking may seem unacceptable because of what people say about it, however, when they drill deep into the facts they will see that fracking is actually very beneficial. Fracking will bring in tons of money for all of the United States.
In Flower Mound, Texas, residents called upon the state to investigate an alarming spike in the number of children with leukemia, a form of cancer which affects white blood cell production in the body and compromises one’s immune system. In half a dozen Texas counties in the Dallas-Fort Worth area, there were higher rates of invasive breast cancer than anywhere else in the state (Rawlins). Some residents and researchers alike attribute this startling health trend to the natural gas industry and its overwhelming presence in the Lone Star state. In fact, Texas ranks number one in natural gas production nationally, and accounted for nearly thirty percent of all of the US’ natural gas production in 2011 (Davis). Natural gas fracturing or “fracking”
With the increased scale of fracking in Texas, one might wonder if the oil boom is affecting our water supply. The value of water in Texas is deeply cherished considering Texas’s dry climate and long-standing droughts. One may even wonder if Texas is valuing its water as much as it is its oil. As research furthers, we can begin to weigh the positive and negative effects of oil fracking. By providing overwhelming data on oil fracking
FRACKING AND ITS CRITICISM Since the mid-80s, The First Nations and their leaders have raised numerous concerns about the failure of the government and industries in Canada to properly consult them before developing any of their lands. Fracking is a technique used in stimulating the fracturing of rocks through the use of pressurized liquid. The fluid used comprises of hot water, sand, and proppants that are thickened using appropriate agents. The fluid enters the deep-rock and makes it possible to have natural gas, petroleum and brine flow up. If the pressure is removed, the grains in the proppants are capable of keeping the fractures while open.
What would happen if we run out of water? Fracking is bad because we use a ton of water in the United States. Each gas well requires an average of 400 tanker trucks of water to complete the job. It takes 1-8 million gallons of water to complete each fracturing job. Do you think that we should be pumping chemical into earth?
The Marcellus Shale It is the largest source of natural gas in the United States, and is located in Appalachian basin which stretches from Tennessee to New York and covers West Virginia, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. The Marcellus Shale has a lot of marine sedimentary rock because of the different sea level changes 400 million years ago that deposited minerals. It contains black shale and lighter shale mixed with limestone .It has many benefits, but it comes with disadvantage disadvantages. For humans to get access to the natural gas they have to drill deep into the ground and create a well which can go from 5,000 to 9,000 feet deep. They use a method of drilling called